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3 - Global Change, Space Weather, and Climate

from Part I - Future Earth and Planetary Issues

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 October 2018

Tom Beer
Affiliation:
IUGG Commission on Climatic and Environmental Change (CCEC)
Jianping Li
Affiliation:
Beijing Normal University
Keith Alverson
Affiliation:
UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre
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Summary

Space weather encompasses the various processes that connect the physics of the Sun with that of the Earth`s environment, which consists of a very complex system involving the interaction between variations on the solar surface and the electrodynamic environment of the Earth, controlled by its magnetic field. On the basis of the last fifty years of extensive spacecraft observations both in the near-Earth space environment and in the solar system we now have a sufficiently good understanding of the physics, which allows us to start making predictions relevant for society at large. Enormous forces are released during solar eruptions that lead to risks to our society. An important aspect of the Sun–Earth connection is the possibility of a link between solar variations and climate. If such a link exists and can be quantified, it has significant implications regarding the possibility of predicting climate changes, natural or man-made, and mitigating the societal effects
Type
Chapter
Information
Global Change and Future Earth
The Geoscience Perspective
, pp. 28 - 39
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

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