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Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism
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  • Cited by 137
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    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Muno, Wolfgang 2019. Populism Around the World. p. 9.

    Vuković, Vuk 2019. Policy-Making at the European Periphery. p. 107.

    Wang, Yi-Ting 2018. Clientelistic parties and satisfaction with democracy. Party Politics, p. 135406881878496.

    Jiang, Junyan 2018. Making Bureaucracy Work: Patronage Networks, Performance Incentives, and Economic Development in China. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 62, Issue. 4, p. 982.

    Wegner, Eva and Cavatorta, Francesco 2018. Revisiting the Islamist–Secular divide: Parties and voters in the Arab world. International Political Science Review, p. 019251211878422.

    Ruiz-Rufino, Rubén 2018. When do electoral institutions trigger electoral misconduct?. Democratization, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 331.

    Heath, Oliver and Tillin, Louise 2018. Institutional Performance and Vote Buying in India. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 53, Issue. 1, p. 90.

    Bleck, Jaimie and van de Walle, Nicolas 2018. Electoral Politics in Africa since 1990.

    Umbers, Lachlan Montgomery 2018. What’s wrong with vote buying. Philosophical Studies,

    Kikuchi, Hirokazu 2018. Presidents versus Federalism in the National Legislative Process. p. 89.

    Arias, Enrique Desmond 2018. Criminal organizations and the policymaking process. Global Crime, p. 1.

    Andersson, Per F. 2018. Democracy, Urbanization, and Tax Revenue. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 53, Issue. 1, p. 111.

    Maiorano, Diego Das, Upasak and Masiero, Silvia 2018. Decentralisation, clientelism and social protection programmes: a study of India’s MGNREGA. Oxford Development Studies, p. 1.

    Escribà-Folch, Abel Meseguer, Covadonga and Wright, Joseph 2018. Remittances and Protest in Dictatorships. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 62, Issue. 4, p. 889.

    Bussell, Jennifer 2018. When do middlemen matter? Evidence from variation in corruption in India. Governance, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 465.

    Wessel Tromborg, Mathias and Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie A. 2018. Constituent Demand and District-Focused Legislative Representation. Legislative Studies Quarterly,

    Berenschot, Ward 2018. Incumbent bureaucrats: Why elections undermine civil service reform in Indonesia. Public Administration and Development, Vol. 38, Issue. 4, p. 135.

    Drápalová, Eliška and Vampa, Davide 2018. The Decline of Traditional Partisanship in Spanish Municipalities: Corruption, Inequality and Territorial Mobilisation. Representation, p. 1.

    Wang, Yi-ting and Kolev, Kiril 2018. Ethnic Group Inequality, Partisan Networks, and Political Clientelism. Political Research Quarterly, p. 106591291878928.

    Endelman, Jonathan 2018. In the Shadow of Empire: States in an Ottoman System. Social Science History, Vol. 42, Issue. 4, p. 811.


Book description

Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism addresses major questions in distributive politics. Why is it acceptable for parties to try to win elections by promising to make certain groups of people better off, but unacceptable - and illegal - to pay people for their votes? Why do parties often lavish benefits on loyal voters, whose support they can count on anyway, rather than on responsive swing voters? Why is vote buying and machine politics common in today's developing democracies but a thing of the past in most of today's advanced democracies? This book develops a theory of broker-mediated distribution to answer these questions, testing the theory with research from four developing democracies, and reviews a rich secondary literature on countries in all world regions. The authors deploy normative theory to evaluate whether clientelism, pork-barrel politics, and other non-programmatic distributive strategies can be justified on the grounds that they promote efficiency, redistribution, or voter participation.


‘This book advances a single broad theoretical point: vote brokers are central to any system of vote buying in mass elections. While many previous scholars have considered the role of vote brokers from one angle or another, what sets this book apart is that it provides a unified theoretical model of vote brokers. It is grounded effectively in the modern economic theory of agency, and the authors run it through a series of tests using both original primary and secondary sources. Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism will be a landmark for the next generation of studies.'

Gary W. Cox - Stanford University

'Brokers deserves every bit of attention it will garner … Brokers, Voters, and Clientelism is a model of theoretical precision, conceptual clarity, and impeccable logical reasoning, and its measured inferences, which are supported by exhaustive, careful empirical work, are placed within a proud tradition pioneered by V. O. Key, David Mayhew, Edward Banfield and other intellectual giants who young scholars often do not take the time to read.'

Frances Hagopian Source: Perspectives on Politics

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