Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 1
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Blanchard, Jean-Marc F. and Lin, Kun-Chin 2013. Contemplating Chinese Foreign Policy: Approaches to the Use of Historical Analysis. Pacific Focus, Vol. 28, Issue. 2, p. 145.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 1980
  • Online publication date: March 2008

2 - Late Ch'ing foreign relations, 1866–1905

Summary
Late Ch'ing foreign relations must be examined both in the global context of intensified imperialism and shifting power configurations among the leading Western states and Japan, and also against the background of the progressive decline of Manchu rule and the disintegration of the imperial tradition of foreign intercourse. The last three decades of the nineteenth century were a period of accelerated foreign imperialism in China. Korea, regarded by the Chinese as a valuable 'outer fence' of North China, was a leading tributary state during Ming and Ch'ing times. The Japanese minister in Peking warned Prince Ch'ing that any concession on the Russian occupation of Manchuria would lead to the partition of China. It was clear that if the Anglo-Japanese Alliance led to a Russo-Japanese understanding, China would be the loser, and if it led to a war, Chinese territory would be the battleground, and China would be at the mercy of the victor.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of China
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054782
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521220293
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Alcock, R. Sir on ‘Further memorials respecting the China Treaty Convention’, 3 May 1870.
Biggerstaff, Knight. ‘The Ch'ung-hou mission to France, 1870–71’. Nankai Social and Economic Quarterly, 8.3 (Oct. 1935).
Cady, John F. The roots of French imperialism in Eastern Asia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1967.
Chang, Chih-tung. Chang Wen-hsiang kung ch'üan-chi (Complete collection of Chang Chih-tung's papers). 120 ts'e. Peiping: Wen-hua chai, 1928; also cited as Chih-tung, Chang. Chang Wen-hsiang kung ch'iia.
Chang, Chih-tung. Chang Wen-hsiang kung ch'üan-chi (Complete collection of Chang Chih-tung's papers). Shu-nan, Wang, ed. 228 chüan. Peiping 1937. Taipei, reproduction, Wen-hai, , 1963.
Ch'en, Fu-kuang. Yu-Ch'ing i-tai chih Chung-O kuan-hsi (Sino-Russian relations during the Ch'ing dynasty). Kunming: National Yunnan University, 1947.
Cohen, Paul A. China and Christianity: the missionary movement and the growth of Chinese antiforeignism, 1860–1870. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1963.
Eastman, Lloyd E.Ch'ing-i and Chinese policy formation during the nineteenth century’. JAS, 24.4 (Aug. 1965).
Eastman, Lloyd E. Throne and mandarins: China's search for a policy during the Sino-French controversy, 1880–1885. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
Fairbank, John K.Patterns behind the Tientsin massacre’. HJAS, 20 (1957).
Fairbank, John K., ed. The Chinese world order: traditional China's foreign relations. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1968; also cited as Fairbank, John K., ed. The Chinese world or.
Hart, Robert. ‘Notes on Chinese matters’, in Williams, Frederick W., Anson Burlingame and the first Chinese mission to foreign powers. New York: C. Scribner and Sons, 1912.
Hayes, Carlton J. H. A generation of materialism, 1871–1970. New York: Harper, 1941.
Hsiao, I-shan. Ch'ing-tai t'ung-shih. (A general history of the Ch'ing period). Rev. edn. 5 vols. Taipei: Commercial Press, 1962–3.
Hsu, Immanuel C. Y.Gordon in China, 1880’. Pacific Historical Review, 23.2 (May 1964).
Hsu, Immanuel C. Y.The great policy debate in China, 1874: maritime defense vs. frontier defense’. HJAS, 25 (1965).
Hsu, Immanuel C. Y. The Ili crisis: a study of Sino-Russian diplomacy, 1871–1881. Oxford: Clarendon, 1965.
Hunt, Michael H. Frontier defense and the open door: Manchuria in Chinese-American relations, 1895–1911. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973.
Jansen, Marius B. Japan and China: from war to peace, 1894–1972. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1975.
Kuang-hsu, Ch'ing Kuang-hsu ch'ao Chung-Fa chiao-she shih-liao (Historical materials concerning Sino-French negotiations during the period). 22 chüan. Peiping: Palace Museum, 1933.
Kuang-hsu, Ch'ing Kuang-hsu ch'ao Chung-Jih chiao-she shih-liao (Historical materials concerning Sino-Japanese negotiations during the period, 1875–1908). 88 chüan. Peiping: Palace Museum, 1932.
Langer, William L. The diplomacy of imperialism, 1890–1902. 2nd edn. New York: Knopf, 1951, 1965.
Lee, Robert H. G. The Manchurian frontier in Ch'ing history. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.
Li, Kuo-ch'i. Chang Chih-tung ti wai-chiao cheng-ts'e (Chang Chih-tung's foreign policy proposals). Taipei: IMH, Academia Sinica, 1970.
Li, Shou-k'ung. Chung-kuo chin-tai shih (China's modern history). Taipei: Hsueh-sheng, 1968.
Liu, Yen. Chung-kuo wai-chiao shih (Chinese diplomatic history). Enlarged edn by Fang-ch'en, Li. Taipei: San-min shu-chü, 1962.
Morse, H. B. The international relations of the Chinese empire. 3 vols. London, New York (etc.): Longmans, Green and Co., 1910–18; Taipei reproduction, Wenhsing, 1966.
Nai-hsuan, Lao, I-bo cb'iian cbūao-men yuan-liu k'ao. (Inquiry into the origins of the Boxer sect; I cbūan, 1899), in Po-tsan, Chien et al, eds. I-bo t'uan (The Boxers).
Narochnitskii, A. L. Kolonial'naia politika kapitalisticheskikh derzhav na dal'nem vostoke, 1860–1895 (The colonial policies of the capitalist powers in the Far East, 1860–1895). Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii nauk CCCP, 1956.
Pelcovits, , Old China bands, 115, citing FO 17/470, 22 Nov. 1859.
Purcell, Victor. The Boxer uprising. Cambridge University Press, 1963.
Robinson, Ronald, Gallagher, John and Denny, Alice. Africa and the Victorians; the official mind of imperialism. London: Macmillan, 1961. American edn: Africa and the Victorians: the climax of imperialism. New York: St Martin's Press, 1961.
Shao, Hsun-cheng. Chung-Fa Yueh-nan kuan-hsi shih-mo (A complete account of Sino-French relations concerning Vietnam [until 1885]). Peiping: Tsing Hua University, 1935.
T'an, Chester C. The Boxer catastrophe. New York: Columbia University Press, 1955.
Tao-kuang, , 100 chüan for the T'ung-chih, period (1862–74). Peiping: Palace Museum photolithograph, 1930; also cited as Ch'ing-tai ch'ou-pan i-wu shib-mo.
Tao-kuang, , 80 chüan for the Hsien-feng, period (1851–61).
Wang, Yen-hsi and Wang, Shu-min, comps. Huang-ch'ao Tao-Hsien-T'ung-Kuang tsou-i (Memorials of the Tao-kuang, Hsien-feng, T'ung-chih and Kuang-hsu periods of the Ch'ing dynasty). 64 chüan. Shanghai: Chiu-ching chai, 1902. Taipei reproduction, Wen-hai, , 1968.
Witte, Sergei Lul'evich. The memoirs of Count Witte. Yarmolinsky, Abraham, trans, and ed. New York: H. Fertig reproduction of 1921 edn, 1967.
Wodehouse, H. E.Mr. Wade on China’. The China Review, 1.1 (July-Aug. 1872), and 1.2 (Sept.-Oct. 1872).
Wright, Mary C. The last stand of Chinese conservatism: the T'ung-chih restoration, 1862–1874. Stanford University Press, 1957.
Wright, Mary C.The adaptability of Ch'ing diplomacy: the case of China's involvement in Korea’. JAS, 17.3 (May 1958).
Wright, Stanley F. Hart and the Chinese customs. Belfast: Wm Mullan, for the Queen's University, 1950.
Wu, Hsiang-hsiang. O-ti ch'in-lueh Chung-kuo shih. (A history of the Russian imperialist aggression in China). Taipei: Kuo-li pien-i kuan, 1954.
Young, L. K. British policy in China, 1895–1902. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970.