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    Marteel, Stefaan 2018. The Intellectual Origins of the Belgian Revolution. p. 123.

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  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

16 - Jansenism and the international suppression of the Jesuits

from PART III - MOVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES
Summary
The international expulsion and suppression of the Jesuits was, among other scenarios, one of the last encounters in the multi-secular conflict between Jesuits and Jansenists. The enmity between Jansenists and Jesuits began as a Reformation-vintage doctrinal controversy that dates in some sense to the Council of Trent, especially to its attempt to define the Catholic doctrine of justification in response to the challenges of the Protestant Reformation and, to a lesser degree, Erasmian humanism. The end of the Jesuits was eventually and temporarily to bring religious 'peace' of a sort to France, a 'peace' born of fatigue and religious indifference, however, rather than the one the Jansenists had hoped for. But for the rest of Catholic Europe, the effect of the campaign against the Jesuits was ironically to import the hitherto mainly French 'fire of discord', as a Jansenist International squared off against an increasingly militant Ultramontanist International in the decades preceding the French Revolution.
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The Cambridge History of Christianity
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054126
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521816052
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