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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

23 - Kings and constitutions: Hellenistic theories

from PART II - THE HELLENISTIC AND ROMAN WORLDS
Summary
Throughout the Hellenistic period kingship and constitutional theory continued to occupy the attention of philosophers of all four major schools, though none of their works has survived. The literature on kingship, directed mainly to the kings of Macedonia, presumably discussed the character of a desirable monarch. It gave shape and substance to a tradition that continued throughout antiquity into the Middle Ages. More specific evidence for the thought of the period comes from two pseudonymous texts that contain advice for a king ('Aristotle' To Alexander and 'Aristeas' To Philocrates), and two historical texts that use contemporary theories to describe and interpret political history (Polybius and Diodorus Siculus). These date from, or reflect the thought of, the second century BC, and each addresses the political realities of one or more of four of the major powers of the time: the Macedonian monarchy, the Egyptian monarchy, the Achaean democracy, and the Roman Republic.
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The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053716
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521481366
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