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  • Cited by 7
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Manuel, Mark Lightfoot, Dale and Fattahi, Morteza 2018. The sustainability of ancient water control techniques in Iran: an overview. Water History, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 13.

    Roghani, Rabbaneh Soltani, Saeid and Bashari, Hossein 2016. Influence of southern oscillation on autumn rainfall in Iran (1951–2011). Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 124, Issue. 1-2, p. 411.

    Rahimi, Jaber Ebrahimpour, Meisam and Khalili, Ali 2013. Spatial changes of Extended De Martonne climatic zones affected by climate change in Iran. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, Vol. 112, Issue. 3-4, p. 409.

    Chaverdi, Alireza Askari Petrie, Cameron A. and Taylor, Helen 2008. Early Villages on the Persian Gulf Littoral: Revisiting Tol-e Pir and the Galehdār Valley. Iran, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 21.

    Nokandeh, Jebrael Sauer, Eberhard W. Rekavandi, Hamid Omrani Wilkinson, Tony Abbasi, Ghorban Ali Schweninger, Jean-Luc Mahmoudi, Majid Parker, David Fattahi, Morteza Usher-Wilson, Lucian Stephen Ershadi, Mohammad Ratcliffe, James and Gale, Rowena 2006. Linear Barriers of Northern Iran: The Great Wall of Gorgan and the Wall of Tammishe. Iran, Vol. 44, Issue. 1, p. 121.

    Melville, C.P. 1983. The 1934 floods in Tabriz, N. W. Iran. Disasters, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. 107.

    Kazemi, Farhad and Abrahamian, Ervand 1978. The nonrevolutionary peasantry of modern Iran. Iranian Studies, Vol. 11, Issue. 1-4, p. 259.

  • Print publication year: 1968
  • Online publication date: March 2008


from PART 1 - THE LAND
Iran is unfortunate in having recorded no long-term climatic observations. Hence, a great deal of attention was focused on Iran's agricultural potentialities, the assessment of which required adequate knowledge of climatic conditions. The climate of Iran is influenced by many centres of high pressure as well as a number of low pressure centres. In a country like Iran having extensive flat deserts, highly complex mountain systems, topography is a major modifying factor and surface winds are greatly influenced by local topographical features. The country has five temperature zones, namely, the Caspian zone, Persian Gulf zone, Zagros zone, Alburz zone, and the interior zone. Over Iran, it can be said that precipitation decreases from north to south and from west to east, except where relief of the land upsets the regularity in this arrangement. The mean annual precipitation for the entire country is 400 mm.
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The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054928
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Adle, A. H. Régions Climatiques et vegetation en Iran. Tehrān, 1960.
Almanac, Iran , 1961, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966. Echo of Iran Institute, Tehrān. Publications of the Meteorological Institute, Tehrān.
Peterson, A. D. Bibliography on the Climate of Iran. Washington, 1957.
Weight, M. L. and Gold, H. K. An Annotated Bibliography of Climatic Maps of Iran. U.S. Weather Bureau.