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    2015. The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Zoroastrianism. p. 555.

    Foltz, Richard 2010. Religions of the Silk Road. p. 23.

    CHOKSY, JAMSHEED K. 2003. Hagiography and Monotheism in History: Doctrinal encounters between Zoroastrianism, Judaism and Christianity 1. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 407.

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  • Print publication year: 1984
  • Online publication date: March 2008

12 - Iranian influence on Judaism: first century B.C.E. to second century C.E.

from THE PERSIAN PERIOD
Summary
The fact that in the latter part of the Second Temple period Judaism was undergoing far-reaching changes and developing new aspects, trends, themes and ideas, which were to be retained in part as belonging to the permanent stock of Jewish life and thought, has long attracted the attention of students of Judaism. The earliest layer of religious literature in Iran, the group of hymns known as the Gathas, are quite commonly accepted to be a composition of the founder of the religion, Zarathushtra, whose date is not unanimously agreed upon. A common misconception has bred an argument against a comparison of Jewish dualism with the Iranian type of faith. In the field of eschatological ideas, encounter some of the striking points of similarity between Iran and the Jewish writings. The complexity and apparent contradictions in the eschatological schemes, both in Iran and in Judaism, are quite considerable. The idea of the eschatological conflagration is probably not of Persian origin.
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  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521218801
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