Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

6 - Jewish art and architecture in the Land of Israel, 70–C. 235

Summary
The plethora of literary and geographical references to pre-70 CE synagogues, worship, Torah-reading, administrators, and functionaries, despite the dearth of archaeological remains in Eretz Israel, reveals the centrality of the institution of the synagogue to Jewish life before and after 70 CE. Extensive remains of domestic space from pre-70 Jerusalem fit effectively with patterns of Jewish housing found in Galilee later. The evidence of Jewish art and architecture from the latter part of the Early Roman Period, approximately 70-135 CE, through the Middle Roman Period supports the most obvious conclusion that the process of hellenization continued its steady advance on the material culture of ancient Palestine. The example of Jewish tombs and burials seems to reflect a slightly more acquisitive attitude toward borrowing from Graeco-Roman culture, especially in the design of tombs, sarcophagi, and ossuaries. The Bar Kochba era represents the last period of explicit Jewish art on the coins of ancient Palestine.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Judaism
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055130
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521772488
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Avigad, N., Beth She‘arim, III: Catacombs 12–23 (Jerusalem, 1971).
Baker, C., Rebuilding the House of Israel: Architectures of Gender in Jewish Antiquity (Stanford, 2002).
Biale, D. (ed.), Cultures of the Jews: A New History (New York, 2002).
Binder, D., Into the Temple Courts: The Place of the Synagogues in the Second Temple Period (Atlanta, 1999).
Bland, K. P., The Artless Jew: Medieval and Modern Affirmations of Denials of the Visual (Princeton, 2000).
Chancey, M., and Meyers, E. M., “How Jewish was Sepphoris in Jesus’ Time?Biblical Archaeology Review 26 (2000).
Cohen, R. I., Jewish Icons: Art and Society in Modern Europe (Berkeley, 1998).
Eshel, H., “A Note on ‘Mikva‘ot’ at Sepphoris,” in Edwards, D. R. and McCollough, C. T. (eds.), Archaeology and the Galilee: Texts and Contexts in the Greco-Roman and Byzantine Periods (Atlanta, 1997).
Galor, K., “The Roman-Byzantine Dwelling in the Galilee and the Golan: ‘House’ or ‘Apartment,’” in Holloway, R. (ed.), Miscellanea Mediterranea (Providence, 2000).
Goodenough, E. R., Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, 13 vols. (New York, 19531968).
Hirschfeld, Y., The Palestinian Dwelling in the Roman-Byzantine Period, (Jerusalem, 1995).
Kindler, A., Coins of the Land of Israel (Jerusalem, 1974).
Levine, L. I., “Synagogue Leadership: The Case of the Archisynagogue,” in Goodman, M. (ed.), Jews in a Graeco-Roman World (Oxford, 1998).
Levine, L. I., “The History and Significance of the Menorah in Antiquity,” in Levine, L. I. and Weiss, Z. (eds.), From Dura to Sepphoris: Studies in Jewish Art and Society in Late Antiquity Journal of Roman Archaeology Supp. Ser. (2000).
Levine, L. I., (ed.), The Galilee in Late Antiquity (New York, 1992).
Levine, L. I., Judaism and Hellenism in Antiquity: Conflict or Confluence (Seattle and London, 1998).
Levine, L. I., The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years (New York, 2000).
Mazar, B., Beth She‘arim, I: Catacombs 1–4 (Jerusalem, 1973).
Meshorer, Y., “Sepphoris and Rome,” in Mørkhølm, O. and Waggoner, N. M. (eds.), Greek Numismatics and Archaeology: Essays in Honor of Margaret Thompson (Wetteren, 1972).
Meyers, C. L., and Meyers, E. M., “Sepphoris,” in Myers, E. M. (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, 5 vols. (New York, 1997) IV.
Meyers, E. M., “Ancient Synagogues: An Archaeological Introduction,” in Fine, S. (ed.), Sacred Realm: The Emergence of the Ancient Synagogue in the Ancient World (New York, 1996).
Meyers, E. M., “Greco-Roman Palestine,” in Biale, D. (ed.), Cultures of the Jews: A New History (NewYork, 2002).
Meyers, E. M., “Nabratein,” in Myers, E. M. (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, 5 vols. (New York, 1997) IV.
Meyers, E. M., “Roman-period Houses from Sepphoris: Domestic Architecture and Gendered Spaces,” in Dever, W. G. and Gitin, S. (eds.), Symbiosis, Symbolism, and the Power of the Past: Canaan, Ancient Israel, and Their Neighbours from the Late Bronze Age through Roman Palaestina. Proceedings of the Centennial Symposium: Albright, W. F. Institute of Archeological Research and American Schools of Oriental Research, Jerusalem, May 29–31, 2000 (Winona Lake, 2003).
Meyers, E. M., “The Current State of Galilean Synagogue Studies,” in Levine, L. I. (ed.), The Synagogue in Late Antiquity (Philadelphia, 1987).
Meyers, E. M., “The Dating of the Gush Halav Synagogue: A Response to Jodi Magness,” in Avery-Peck, A. J. and Neusner, J. (eds.), Judaism in Late Antiquity, Part 3, IV: Where We Stand: Issues and Debates in Ancient Judaism: The Special Problem of the Synagogue (Leiden, 2001).
Meyers, E. M., “The Pools of Sepphoris – Ritual Baths or Bathtubs?Biblical Archaeology Review 26 (2000).
Meyers, E. M., Meyers, C. L., Strange, J. F., Excavations at Ancient Meiron (Cambridge, MA, 1981).
Meyers, E. M., Jewish Ossuaries: Reburial and Rebirth (Rome, 1971).
Meyers, E. M., (ed.), Galilee Through the Centuries: Confluence of Culture (Winona Lake, 1999).
Meyers, E. M., (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, 5 vols. (New York, 1997).
Miller, S. S., “Those Cantankerous Sepphoreans Revisited,” in Chazan, R., et al. (eds.), Ki Baruch Hu: Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and Judaic Studies in Honor of Baruch A. Levine (Winona Lake, 1999).
Nagy, R., Meyers, C. L., Meyers, E. M., and Weiss, Z. (eds.), Sepphoris in Galilee: Crosscurrents in Culture (Raleigh, 1996).
Peskowitz, M., “‘Family/ies’ in Antiquity: Evidence from Tannaitic Literature and Roman Galilean Architecture,” in Cohen, S. J. D. (ed.), The Jewish Family in Antiquity (Atlanta, 1993).
Peskowitz, M., “Empty Fields and the Romance of the Holy Land: A Response to Marianne Sawicki’s ‘Archaeology’ of Judaism, Gender, and Class,” Journal of the North American Associations for the Study of Religion 9/3(1997).
Peskowitz, M., “The Gendering of Burials and the Burial of Gender: Notes from Roman-period Archaeology,” Jewish Studies Quarterly 4 (1997).
Reed, J., Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus (Harrisburg, 2000).
Schwabe, M., and Lifshitz, B., Beth She‘arim, II: The Greek Inscriptions (Jerusalem, 1974).
Sperber, D., The City in Roman Palestine (New York, 1998).
Sussman, V., Ornamented Jewish Oil-lamps from the Destruction of the Second Temple Through the Bar Kochba Revolt (Warminster, 1982).
Weiss, Z., “Buildings for Entertainment,” in The City in Roman Palestine.
Weiss, Z., and Netzer, E., “Architectural Development of Sepphoris During the Roman and Byzantine Periods,” in Archaeology and the Galilee.
Yadin, Y., Bar Kochba: The Rediscovering of the Legendary Hero of the Last Jewish Revolt against Imperial Rome (London, 1971).
Yadin, Y., The Finds from the Bar-Kochba Period in the Caves of Letters (Jerusalem, 1963).