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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

5 - Chile, 1930 — 58

During the three decades after 1930, and indeed until the coup which brought down the government of Salvador Allende in 1973, Chilean politics were unique in Latin America. Only Chile sustained in this period an electoral democracy including major Marxist parties. Chile's population growth rate had by the 1960s reached 2.5 per cent, close to the Latin American average. Chile was more profoundly affected by the world depression than any other country in the Western world. President Alessandri's personal authority, electotal mandate and economic success reinvigorated constitutional legitimacy in Chile after 1932. At the end of 1938 Arturo Alessandri peacefully transferred the presidential sash to Pedro Aguirre Cerda of the Popular Front. Chile's foreign trade had almost recovered from the impact of the depression by the end of the Radical era. The disappointments of the Radical years and of the return of Ibanez convinced many Chileans that more comprehensive and dramatic cures would be required.
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The Cambridge History of Latin America
  • Volume 8: Latin America since 1930: Spanish South America
  • Edited by Leslie Bethell
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055246
  • Book DOI:
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Arturo, Olavarria Bravo, Chile entrt dos Alasandri, 4 vols. (Santiago, 1962, 1965), vol. 1
Cruz, Aníbal Pinto Santa (ed.), Antecedents sobre el desarrollo de la economia chtlena, 1925 — 1952 (Santiago, 1954)
Cruz, Anibal Pinto Santa, Chile, un caso de desarrollo frustradc (Santiago, 1962)
Erico, Hott KindermanLes sociedades agríolas nacionales y sit influencia en la agricultura de Chile (Santiago, 1944)
Federico, G. GilInformation on the sample survey as well as other aspects of the second Ibanez period can be found in, The Political System of Chile (Boston, 1966)
Flavián, Levine B. and Juan, Crocco Ferrari, ‘La población chilena’, Economia, 5 nos. 10—11 (1944)
Isauro, Torres and Pedro, Opīrz, Defensa de los gobīernos de izquierda (Santiago, 1942)
Mamalakis, Markos J.Historical Statistics of Chile, 2 vols. (Westport, Conn., 1979, 1980), vol. 2
Rafael, Luis Gumucio, Me defttndo (Santiago, 1939)