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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

V.D.7 - The Arctic and Subarctic Regions

from V.D - The History and Culture of Food and Drink in the Americas
Summary
Traditional foodways have played an intrinsic part in the daily lives of Native American peoples in the Arctic and Subarctic. The Native American groups of the Arctic and Subarctic consist of two major genetic and linguistic populations, the Northern Athapaskan Indians and the Eskimo. The majority of precontact Northern Athapaskan groups were interior populations of hunters, fishers, and gatherers, whose seasonal rounds were similar to the patterns of today. Current diets in the Subarctic and Arctic contain a mixture of traditional and Western foods. Ceremonial food use, which also features a variety of traditional and Western foods, is considered in every discussion of food and drink among current Subarctic and Arctic populations. A wide range of traditional foods, featuring both animal and plant items, is served at potlatches. A departure from traditional diets to which they were well adapted has created a frequently life threatening crisis of health for native peoples of the Subarctic and Arctic regions of the Americas.
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The Cambridge World History of Food
  • Online ISBN: 9781139058643
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521402156
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