Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 520
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Räuchle, Charlotte 2019. Arrival Infrastructures. p. 33.

    Paredes, Cristian L. 2018. Multidimensional Ethno-racial Status in Contexts of Mestizaje: Ethno-racial Stratification in Contemporary Peru. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, Vol. 4, Issue. , p. 237802311876200.

    Wu, Zheng Hou, Feng Schimmele, Christoph and Carmichael, Adam 2018. Co-ethnic concentration and trust in Canada’s urban neighbourhoods. Urban Studies, Vol. 55, Issue. 10, p. 2159.

    Midtbøen, Arnfinn H 2018. The making and unmaking of ethnic boundaries in the public sphere: The case of Norway. Ethnicities, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 344.

    Whitham, Monica M. 2018. Paying It Forward and Getting It Back: The Benefits of Shared Social Identity in Generalized Exchange. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 61, Issue. 1, p. 81.

    Lončar, Jelena 2018. Accountability of minority representation: methodological advancements. Nationalities Papers, Vol. 46, Issue. 2, p. 202.

    Schäfer, Saskia 2018. Islam in the Echo Chamber: Ahmadiyya and Shi’a Identities in Indonesian and Malaysian Online Discourses. Asiascape: Digital Asia, Vol. 5, Issue. 1-2, p. 124.

    Flere, Sergej 2018. Slovenes: “a nation of owners of one of the three original European languages?”. Nationalities Papers, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 441.

    Soto-Márquez, José G. 2018. “I’m Not Spanish, I’m from Spain”: Spaniards’ Bifurcated Ethnicity and the Boundaries of Whiteness and Hispanic Panethnic Identity. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, p. 233264921876638.

    Jiménez, Tomás R. 2018. Tracking a Changing America across the Generations after Immigration. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 677, Issue. 1, p. 119.

    Carolan, Brian V. and Lardier, David T. 2018. Adolescents’ Friends, Parental Social Closure, and Educational Outcomes. Sociological Focus, Vol. 51, Issue. 1, p. 52.

    Moreno-Almendral, Raúl 2018. Reconstructing the history of nationalist cognition and everyday nationhood from personal accounts. Nations and Nationalism,

    Kiss, Tamás 2018. Unequal Accommodation of Minority Rights. p. 383.

    Kazyak, Emily Burke, Kelsy and Stange, Mathew 2018. Logics of Freedom: Debating Religious Freedom Laws and Gay and Lesbian Rights. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, Vol. 4, Issue. , p. 237802311876041.

    Gourlay, William 2018. Oppression, Solidarity, Resistance: The Forging of Kurdish Identity in Turkey. Ethnopolitics, Vol. 17, Issue. 2, p. 130.

    Fischer-Nebmaier, Wladimir 2018. Migrationsregime vor Ort und lokales Aushandeln von Migration. p. 189.

    Kosta, Ervin B. 2018. Becoming Italian, becoming American: ethnic affinity as a strategy of boundary making. Ethnic and Racial Studies, p. 1.

    Pain, Frederic 2018. A semiotic approach to ‘ethnicity’. An example from Taiwanese ‘Chineseness’. Asian Ethnicity, Vol. 19, Issue. 4, p. 528.

    Barglowski, Karolina 2018. Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies. p. 151.

    Gisselquist, Rachel M. 2018. Legal Empowerment and Group-Based Inequality. The Journal of Development Studies, p. 1.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2004
  • Online publication date: September 2009

3 - Ethnicity without groups

Summary

Common sense groupism

Few social science concepts would seem as basic, even indispensable, as that of group. In disciplinary terms, “group” would appear to be a core concept for sociology, political science, anthropology, demography, and social psychology. In substantive terms, it would seem to be fundamental to the study of political mobilization, cultural identity, economic interests, social class, status groups, collective action, kinship, gender, religion, ethnicity, race, multiculturalism, and minorities of every kind.

Yet despite this seeming centrality, the concept “group” has remained curiously unscrutinized in recent years. There is, to be sure, a substantial social psychological literature addressing the concept (Hamilton et al. 1998; McGrath 1984), but this has had little resonance outside that sub-discipline. Elsewhere in the social sciences, the recent literature addressing the concept “group” is sparse, especially by comparison with the immense literature on such concepts as class, identity, gender, ethnicity, or multiculturalism – topics in which the concept “group” is implicated, yet seldom analyzed its own terms. “Group” functions as a seemingly unproblematic, taken-for-granted concept, apparently in no need of particular scrutiny or explication. As a result, we tend to take for granted not only the concept “group,” but also “groups” – the putative things-in-the-world to which the concept refers.

My aim in this chapter is not to enter into conceptual or definitional casuistry about the concept of group.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Ethnicity, Nationalism, and Minority Rights
  • Online ISBN: 9780511489235
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511489235
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
REFERENCES
Abelmann, Nancy and John Lie (1995) Blue Dreams: Korean Americans and the Los Angeles Riots. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Adevǎrul de Cluj. (1999) “Confruntarea dintre România şi Ungaria a continuat şi dupǎ meci [The confrontation between Romania and Hungarian continued also after the match].” June 7, 1999
Allen, Tim and Jean Seaton (eds.) (1999) The Media of Conflict: War Reporting and Representations of Ethnic Violence. London: Zed Books
Armstrong, John A. (1982) Nations Before Nationalism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press
Bailey, Benjamin (1997) “Communication of respect in interethnic service encounters.” Language in Society 26: 327–56
Barth, Fredrik (1969) “Introduction.” In Fredrik Barth (ed.), Ethnic Groups and Boundaries: The Social Organization of Culture Difference. London: George Allen & Unwin, pp. 9–38
Bateson, Gregory (1985 [1955]) “A theory of play and fantasy.” In Robert E. Innis (ed.), Semiotics: An Introductory Anthology, pp. 131–44
Bauman, Zygmunt (2000 [1989]) Modernity and the Holocaust. Ithaca: Cornell University Press
Bentley, Arthur F. (1908) The Process of Government: A Study of Social Pressures. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Bourdieu, Pierre (1991a) “Identity and representation: elements for a critical reflection on the idea of region.” In Pierre Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 220–28
Bourdieu, Pierre (1991b) “Social space and the genesis of ‘classes’.” In Pierre Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 229–51
Bowen, John R. (1996) “The myth of global ethnic conflict.” Journal of Democracy 7 (4): 3–14
Brass, Paul R. (1996a) “Introduction: discourse of ethnicity, communalism, and violence.” In Paul R. Brass (ed.), Riots and Pogroms. New York: New York University Press, pp. 1–55
Brass, Paul R. (ed.) (1996b) Riots and Pogroms. New York: New York University Press
Brass, Paul R. (1997) Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Brubaker, Rogers (1992) Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Brubaker, Rogers (1994) “Nationhood and the national question in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Eurasia.” Theory and Society 23 (1): 47–78
Brubaker, Rogers (1998) “Myths and misconceptions in the study of nationalism.” In John Hall (ed.), The State of the Nation: Ernest Gellner and the Theory of Nationalism. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 272–306
Brubaker, Rogers (1999) “A shameful debacle.” UCLA Magazine (summer): 15–16
Brubaker, Rogers and Margit Feischmidt (2002) “1848 in 1998: the politics of commemoration in Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 44 (4) (October): 700–44
Brubaker, Rogers and Laitin, David D. (1998) “Ethnic and nationalist violence.” Annual Review of Sociology 24: 423–52
Brubaker, Rogers, Mara Loveman, and Peter Stamatov (2004) “Ethnicity as cognition.” Theory and Society 33 (1): 31–64
Collier, Paul (1999) “Doing well out of war.” http://www.worldbank.org/research/conflict/papers/econagenda.htm
Cooley, Charles H. (1962 [1909]) Social Organization. New York: Schocken Books
DiMaggio, Paul J. and Walter W. Powell (1991) “Introduction.” In Walter W. Powell and Paul J. DiMaggio (eds.), The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 1–38
Domínguez, Virginia R. (1986) White by Definition: Social Classification in Creole Louisiana. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press
Emirbayer, Mustafa and Goodwin, Jeff (1994) “Network analysis, culture, and the problem of agency.” American Journal of Sociology 99 (6): 1411–54
Esser, Hartmut (1999) “Die Situationslogik ethnischer Konflikte: Auch eine Anmerkung zum Beitrag ‘Ethnische Mobilisierung und die Logik von Identitätskämpfen’ von Klaus Eder und Oliver Schmidtke.” Zeitschrift für Soziologie 28 (4): 245–62
Fearon, James and Laitin, David D. (1996) “Explaining interethnic cooperation.” American Political Science Review 90 (4): 715–35
Feischmidt, Margit (2001) “Zwischen Abgrenzung und Vermischung: Ethnizität in der siebenbürgischen Stadt Cluj (Kolozsvár, Klausenburg).” Ph.D. dissertation, Humboldt University, Berlin
Fox, Jon E. (2001) “Nationness and everyday life: Romanian and Hungarian university students in Transylvania.” Paper presented to the Center for Comparative Social Analysis Workshop, Department of Sociology, UCLA
Gamson, William A. (1992) Talking Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press
Gamson, William A. and Modigliani, Andre (1989) “Media discourse and public opinion on nuclear power: a constructionist approach.” American Journal of Sociology 95: 1–37
Gans, Herbert J. (1979) “Symbolic ethnicity: the future of ethnic groups and cultures in America.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 2: 1–20
Garfinkel, Harold (1967) Studies in Ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall
Gil-White, Francisco (1999) “How thick is blood? The plot thickens …: If ethnic actors are primordialists, what remains of the circumstantialist/primordialist controversy?Ethnic and Racial Studies 22 (5): 789–820
Goffman, Erving (1974) Frame Analysis. San Francisco: Harper Colophon Books
Hamilton, David L. and Jeffrey W. Sherman (1994) “Stereotypes.” In Robert S. Wyer and Thomas K. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition, 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates, pp. 1–68
Hamilton, David L., Steven J. Sherman, and Brian Lickel (1998) “Perceiving social groups: the importance of the entitativity continuum.” In Constantine Sedikides, John Schopler, and Chester A. Insko (eds.), Intergroup Cognition and Intergroup Behavior. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, pp. 47–74
Handelman, Don (1977) “The organization of ethnicity.” Ethnic Groups 1: 187–200
Hechter, Michael (1987) Principles of Group Solidarity. Berkeley: University of California Press
Heisler, Martin (1991) “Ethnicity and ethnic relations in the modern West.” In Joseph Montville (ed.), Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies. Joseph Montville. Lexington: Lexington Books, pp. 21–52
Heritage, John (1984) Garfinkel and Ethnomethodology. Cambridge: Polity Press
Hirschfeld, Lawrence A. (1996) Race in the Making: Cognition, Culture and the Child's Construction of Human Kinds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
Hollinger, David A. (1995) Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism. New York: Basic Books
Holquist, Peter (1997) “‘Conduct merciless mass terror’: decossackization on the Don, 1919.” Cahiers du monde russe 38 (1–2): 127–62
Homans, George C. (1950) The Human Group. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World
Horowitz, Donald L. (1985) Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
Horowitz, Donald L. (1991) A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society. Berkeley: University of California Press
Horowitz, Donald L. (2001) The Deadly Ethnic Riot. Berkeley: University of California Press
Jenkins, Richard (1997) Rethinking Ethnicity. London: Sage
Kuran, Timur (1998) “Ethnic norms and their transformation through reputational cascades.” Journal of Legal Studies 27: 623–59
Laitin, David D. (1995) “National revivals and violence.” Archives Européennes de sociologie 36 (1): 3–43
Levine, Hal B. (1999) “Reconstructing ethnicity.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (New Series) 5: 165–80
Magyari-Nándor, László and Péter, László (1997) “Az egytemrõl magyar diákszemmel [Hungarian students' views on the university].” Korunk 4: 112–19
Martin, Terry (2001) The Affirmative Action Empire. Ithaca: Cornell University press
McCarthy, John D. and Zald, Mayer N. (1977) “Resource mobilization and social movements: a partial theory.” American Journal of Sociology 82 (6): 1212–41
McGrath, Joseph E. (1984) Groups: Interaction and Performance. New York: Prentice-Hall
McKay, James and Lewins, Frank (1978) “Ethnicity and the ethnic group: a conceptual analysis and reformulation.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 1 (4): 412–27
Medin, Douglas L. (1989) “Concepts and conceptual structure.” The American Psychologist 44: 1469–81
Moerman, Michael (1968) “Being Lue: uses and abuses of ethnic identification.” In June Helm (ed.), Essays on the Problem of Tribe. Washington: University of Washington Press
Mueller, John (2000) “The banality of ‘ethnic war’.” International Security 25: 42–70
Nadel, S. F. (1957) A Theory of Social Structure. London: Cohen & West
Noiriel, Gérard (1991) La Tyrannie du national: le droit d'asile en Europe 1793–1993. Paris: Calmann-Lévy
Office of Management and Budget (1994) “Standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity”. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg/notice_15.html
Olson, Mancur (1965) The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Petersen, William (1987) “Politics and the measurement of ethnicity.” In William Alonso and Paul Starr (eds.), The Politics of Numbers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 187–233
Rothbart, Myron and Marjorie Taylor (1992) “Category labels and social reality: do we view social categories as natural kinds?” In Gün R. Semin and Klaus Fiedler (eds.), Language, Interaction and Social Cognition. London: SAGE Publications
Rothschild, Joseph (1981) Ethnopolitics: A Conceptual Framework. New York: Columbia University Press
Sacks, Harvey (1995) Lectures on Conversation. Oxford: Blackwell
Schegloff, Emanuel A. (2000) “Accounts of conduct in interaction: interruption, overlap and turn-taking.” Forthcoming in J. H. Turner (ed.), Handbook of Sociological Theory. New York: Plenum
Schutz, Alfred (1962) Collected Papers I: The Problem of Social Reality. Maurice Natanson (ed.). The Hague: Marinus Nijhoff
Seaton, Jean (1999) “Why do we think the Serbs do it? The new ‘ethnic’ wars and the media.” Political Quarterly 70 (3): 254–70
Slezkine, Yuri (1994) “The USSR as a communal apartment, or how a socialist state promoted ethnic particularlism.” Slavic Review 53 (4): 414–52
Smith, Anthony D. (1986) The Ethnic Origins of Nations. Oxford: Basil Blackwell
Slezkine, Yuri (1998) Nationalism and Modernism: A Critical Survey of Recent Theories of Nations and Nationalism. London: Routledge
Snow, David A. and Benford, Robert D. (1988) “Ideology, frame resonance, and participant mobilization.” International Social Movement Research 1: 197–217
Snow, David A., Rochford, E. B. Jr., Worden, Steven K., and Benford, Robert D. (1986) “Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation.” American Sociological Review 51: 464–81
Sperber, Dan (1985) “Anthropology and psychology: towards an epidemiology of representations.” Man 20: 73–89
Thompson, E. P. (1963) The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Vintage, p. 9
Tilly, Charles (1978) From Mobilization to Revolution. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company
Tilly, Charles (1998) Durable Inequality. Berkeley: University of California Press
Torpey, John (2000) The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Truman, David B. (1951) The Governmental Process: Political Interests and Public Opinion. 2nd edn. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
Weber, Max (1946) From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology. Gerth and Wright Mills (eds.). New York: Oxford University Press
Weber, Max (1964) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaf. 4th edn. Cologne: Kiepenheurer & Witsch
Weber, Max (1968 [1922]) Economy and Society. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich (eds.). Berkeley: University of California Press
Weiner, Amir (2001) Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Wellman, Barry (1988) “Structural analysis: from method and metaphor to theory and substance.” In Barry Wellman and S. D. Berkowitz (eds.), Social Structures: A Network Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 19–61