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  • Print publication year: 2007
  • Online publication date: December 2009

5 - Tuning fine-tuning


The chapters in this volume, written from a wide variety of perspectives, explore the possibility of extending the theme of “fine-tuning” beyond the domain of cosmology, where it first entered into serious discussion in the mid-1970s, to other sciences such as biochemistry and biology. As a prelude to this investigation, it seems worthwhile to explore the theme of fine-tuning itself in some detail, given the ambiguities that still surround it and the vigor of the continuing disagreement as to what its implications are. How did fine-tuning make its way into the cosmological discussion? What precisely did – and does – it amount to? What were – and still are – the responses to it? How is one to evaluate those responses? Achieving a measure of clarity on these issues should make it easier to appreciate the search for fine-tuning or its analogs elsewhere in the sciences.

The infinities of space and time in Newtonian mechanics were not propitious to the formulation of a cosmology, a theory of the cosmic whole, although the notion of gravity gave a hint, at least, as to how material complexity could form. The unification of space and time by Einstein's general theory in a non-Euclidean geometrical framework offered new possibilities, and Hubble's subsequent confirmation of galactic expansion pointed Lemaître to a universe model that would, from a “primeval atom,” expand into the universe we know.

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Fitness of the Cosmos for Life
  • Online ISBN: 9780511536557
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