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  • Cited by 15
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Matanock, Aila M 2018. External Engagement: Explaining the Spread of Electoral Participation Provisions in Civil Conflict Settlements. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 62, Issue. 3, p. 656.

    Tanaka, Yukako Sakabe 2018. Mitigating violence by solving the commitment problem in post-conflict negotiations. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 149.

    Duhart, Philippe Eugène 2018. Talking with terrorists, talking with governments: insurgent perspectives on legitimisation and engagement. Critical Studies on Terrorism, p. 1.

    Käihkö, Ilmari 2018. Introduction to the Armed Forces & Society Forum on Broadening the Perspective on Military Cohesion. Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 44, Issue. 4, p. 563.

    Purdeková, Andrea Reyntjens, Filip and Wilén, Nina 2018. Militarisation of governance after conflict: beyond the rebel-to-ruler frame – the case of Rwanda. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 39, Issue. 1, p. 158.

    Kadivar, Mohammad Ali 2018. Mass Mobilization and the Durability of New Democracies. American Sociological Review, Vol. 83, Issue. 2, p. 390.

    Sjöstedt, Roxanna Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg and Themnér, Anders 2017. Demagogues of hate or shepherds of peace? Examining the threat construction processes of warlord democrats in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Journal of International Relations and Development,

    Sindre, Gyda Marås and Söderström, Johanna 2016. Understanding armed groups and party politics. Civil Wars, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 109.

    Söderberg Kovacs, Mimmi and Hatz, Sophia 2016. Rebel-to-party transformations in civil war peace processes 1975–2011. Democratization, Vol. 23, Issue. 6, p. 990.

    Manning, Carrie and Smith, Ian 2016. Political party formation by former armed opposition groups after civil war. Democratization, Vol. 23, Issue. 6, p. 972.

    Sindre, Gyda Marås 2016. Internal party democracy in former rebel parties. Party Politics, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 501.

    Reiter, Andrew G. 2016. Fighting Over Peace. p. 145.

    Jo, Hyeran and Thomson, Catarina P. 2014. Legitimacy and Compliance with International Law: Access to Detainees in Civil Conflicts, 1991–2006. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 44, Issue. 02, p. 323.

    Nilsson, Marcus 2012. Reaping what was sown: Conflict outcome and post-civil war democratization. Cooperation and Conflict, Vol. 47, Issue. 3, p. 350.

    Höglund, Kristine Jarstad, Anna K. and Kovacs, Mimmi Söderberg 2009. The predicament of elections in war-torn societies. Democratization, Vol. 16, Issue. 3, p. 530.

  • Print publication year: 2008
  • Online publication date: May 2010

5 - When rebels change their stripes: armed insurgents in post-war politics


Following the announcement of the final results of the legislative elections in Afghanistan in 2005, there was widespread concern that powerful warlords, former Mujahideen commanders, and Taliban strongmen had been elected to power in this war-ravaged country. The same year a peace agreement was signed between the Indonesian government and the guerillas in the province of Aceh, aimed at ending the prolonged civil war. The provisions of the agreement laid out the political and legal conditions for the establishment of local political parties and thus gave the amnestied rebel movement an opportunity, for the first time, to pursue its aims through the ballot box. In Nepal, the Maoist rebels agreed to join the interim government following the peace agreement in 2006. But what are the prospects for democratization and sustainable peace in war-scattered societies in which formerly armed insurgents emerge as politicians? The purpose of this chapter is to address this pivotal issue that is likely to be of great relevance to researchers and policymakers alike concerned with better understanding the conditions that facilitate and obstruct a transition to both peaceful and democratic politics in intrastate armed conflicts.

Because issues related to failed governance and the unequal distribution of political power and public goods often are at the core of the causes of civil wars, conflict resolution in these contexts frequently includes efforts to introduce, reintroduce, or reinforce political reforms aiming at a transition to democratic politics.

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From War to Democracy
  • Online ISBN: 9780511755859
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