Allen, W. L., and Higham, J. P. (2015). Assessing the potential information content of multicomponent visual signals: a machine learning approach. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 282, 20142284.
Allen, W. L., Stevens, M., and Higham, J. P. (2014). Character displacement of cercopithecini primate visual signals. Nature Communications, 5, 42–66.
Amundsen, T., and Forsgren, E. (2001). Male mate choice selects for female coloration in a fish. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98, 13155–60.
Andrés, J. A., Sánchez-Guillén, R. A., and Rivera, C. (2002). Evolution of female colour polymorphism in damselflies: testing the hypotheses. Animal Behaviour, 63, 677–85.
Arak, A., and Enquist, M. (1993). Hidden preferences and the evolution of signals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. SeriesB, Biological Sciences, 340, 207–13.
Baird, T. A. (2004). Reproductive coloration in female collared lizards, Crotaphytus collaris, stimulates courtship by males. Herpetologica, 60, 337–48.
Baird, T. A., Fox, S. F., and McCoy, J. K. (1997). Population differences in the roles of size and coloration in intra- and intersexual selection in the collared lizard, Crotaphytus collaris: influence of habitat and social organization. Behavioral Ecology, 8, 506–17.
Bajer, K., Molnár, O., Török, J., and Herczeg, G. (2010). Female European green lizards (Lacerta viridis) prefer males with high ultraviolet throat reflectance. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64, 2007–14.
Baldauf, S. A., Bakker, T. C. M., Kullmann, H., and Thünken, T. (2011). Female nuptial coloration and its adaptive significance in a mutual mate choice system. Behavioral Ecology, 22, 478–85.
Baldwin, J., and Johnsen, S. (2009). The importance of color in mate choice of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212, 3762–8.
Baldwin, J., and Johnsen, S. (2012). The male blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, uses both chromatic and achromatic cues during mate choice. Journal of Experimental Biology, 215, 1184–91.
Bakker, T. C. M., and Mundwiler, B. (1994). Female mate choice and male red coloration in a natural three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) population. Behavioral Ecology, 5, 74–80.
Bateman, A. J. (1948). Intra-sexual selection in Drosophila. Heredity, 2, 349–68.
Baube, C. L., Rowland, W. J., and Fowler, J. B. (1995). The mechanisms of colour-based mate choice in female threespine sticklebacks: hue, contrast and configurational cues. Behaviour, 132, 979–96.
Bennett, A. T. D., Cuthill, I. C., Partridge, J. C., and Maier, E. J. (1996). Ultraviolet vision and mate choice in zebra finches. Nature, 380, 433–5.
Bergman, T. J., Ho, L., and Beehner, J. C. (2009). Chest color and social status in male geladas (Theropithecus gelada). International Journal of Primatology, 30, 791–806.
Bick, G. H., and Bick, J. C. (1965). Color variation and significance of color in reproduction in the damselfly, Argia apicalis (Say) (Zygoptera: Coenagriidae). Canadian Entomologist, 97, 32–41.
Bielert, C., Girolami, L., and Jowell, S. (1989). An experimental examination of the colour component in visually mediated sexual arousal of the male chacma baboon (Papio ursinus). Journal of the Zoological Society of London, 219, 569–79.
Boal, J. G. (1997). Female choice of males in cuttlefish (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Behaviour, 134, 975–88.
Bradley, B. J., and Mundy, N. I. (2008). The primate palette: the evolution of primate coloration. Evolutionary Anthropology, 17, 97–111.
Breaux, S. D., Watson, S. L., and Fontenot, M. B. (2012). A free choice task evaluating chimpanzees’ preference for photographic images of sex swellings: effects of color, size, and symmetry. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 25, 118–36.
Briscoe, A. D., and Chittka, L. (2001). The evolution of color vision in insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 46, 471–510.
Burley, N. (1981). Mate choice by multiple criteria in a monogamous species. American Naturalist, 117, 515–28.
Burley, N. (1986). Comparison of the band-colour preferences of two species of estrildid finches. Animal Behaviour, 34, 1732–41.
Burley, N., and Coopersmith, C. B. (1987). Bill color preferences of zebra finches. Ethology, 76, 133–51.
Burley, N., Krantzberg, G., and Radman, P. (1982). Influence of colour-banding on the conspecific preferences of zebra finches. Animal Behaviour, 30, 444–55.
Burley, N. T., and Symanski, R. (1998). “A taste for the beautiful”: latent aesthetic mate preferences for white crests in two species of Australian grassfinches. American Naturalist, 152, 792–802.
Changizi, M. A., Zhang, Q., and Shimojo, S. (2006). Bare skin, blood and the evolution of primate colour vision. Biology Letters, 2, 217–21.
Charpentier, M., Peignot, P., Hossaert-McKey, M., Gimenez, O., Setchell, J. M., and Wickings, E. J. (2005). Constraints on control: factors influencing reproductive success in male mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Behavioral Ecology, 16, 614–23.
Clark, D. L., and Uetz, G. (1992). Morph-independent mate selection in a dimorphic jumping spider: demonstration of movement bias in female choice using video-controlled courtship behavior. Animal Behaviour, 43, 247–54.
Clutton-Brock, T., and McAuliffe, K. (2009). Female mate choice in mammals. Quarterly Review of Biology, 84, 3–27.
Collins, S. A., Hubbard, C., and Houtman, A. M. (1994). Female mate choice in the zebra finch – the effect of male beak colour and male song. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 35, 21–5.
Cooper, V. J., and Hosey, G. R. (2003). Sexual dichromatism and female preference in Eulemur fulvus subspecies. International Journal of Primatology, 24, 1177–88.
Cooper, W. E., and Vitt, L. J. (1993). Female mate choice of large male broad-headed skinks. Animal Behaviour, 45, 683–93.
Cott, H. B. (1940). Adaptive Coloration in Animals. London: Bradford and Dickens Drayton House.
Cuadrado, M. (1998). The use of yellow spot colors as a sexual receptivity signal in females of Chameleo chameleon. Herpetologica, 54, 395–402.
Cummings, M. E., García de León, F. J., Mollaghan, D. M., and Ryan, M. J. (2006). Is UV ornamentation an amplifier in swordtails? Zebrafish, 3, 91–100.
Cummings, M. E., Rosenthal, G. G., and Ryan, M. J. (2003). A private ultraviolet channel in visual communication. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 270, 897–904.
Cuthill, I. C., Partridge, J. C., Bennett, A. T. D., Church, S. C., Hart, N. S., and Hunt, S. (2000). Ultraviolet vision in birds. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 29, 159–214.
Darwin, C. R. (1871). The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, 2 vols. London, John Murray.
Darwin, C. R. (1876). Sexual selection in relation to monkeys. Nature, 15(366), 18–19.
Dawkins, M. S., and Guilford, T. (1996). Sensory bias and the adaptiveness of female choice. American Naturalist, 148, 937–42.
Deaner, R. O., Khera, A. V., and Platt, M. L. (2005). Monkeys pay per view: adaptive valuation of social images by rhesus macaques. Current Biology, 15, 543–8.
Demaria, C., and Thierry, B. (1988). Responses to animal stimulus photographs in stumptailed macaques (Macaca arctoides). Primates, 29, 237–44.
Detto, T. (2007). The fiddler crab Uca mjoebergi uses colour vision in mate choice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 274, 2785–90.
Detto, T., and Blackwell, P. R. Y. (2009). The fiddler crab Uca mjoebergi uses ultraviolet cues in mate choice but not aggressive interactions. Animal Behaviour, 78, 407–11.
Dixson, A. F. (2012). Primate Sexuality: Comparative Studies of the Prosimians, Monkeys, Apes, and Humans, 2nd edn. Oxford University Press.
Dubuc, C., Allen, W. L., Casio, J., Lee, S. D., Maestripieri, D., Petersdorf, M., Winters, S. and Higham, J. P. (2015). Who cares? Experimental attention biases provide new insights into a mammalian sexual signal. Behavioral Ecology.
Dubuc, C., Allen, W. L., Maestripieri, D., and Higham, J. P. (2014a). Is male rhesus macaque red color ornamentation attractive to females? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68, 1215–24.
Dubuc, C., Brent, L. J. N., Accamando, A. K., Gerald, M. S., MacLarnon, A., Semple, S., Heistermann, M., et al. (2009). Sexual skin color contains information about the timing of the fertile phase in free-ranging Macaca mulatta. International Journal of Primatology, 30, 777–89.
Dubuc, C., Winters, S., Allen, W. L., Brent, L. J. N., Cascio, J., Maestripieri, D., Ruiz-Lambides, A. V., et al. (2014b). Sexually selected skin colour is heritable and related to fitness in a non-human primate. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 281, 20141602.
Ellers, J., and Boggs, C. L. (2003). The evolution of wing color: male mate choice opposes adaptive wing color divergence in Colias butterflies. Evolution, 57, 1100–6.
Elliot, A. J., Kayser, D. N., Greitemeyer, T., Lichtenfeld, S., Gramzow, R. H., and Maier, M. A. (2010). Red, rank, and romance in women viewing men. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139, 399–417.
Elliot, A. J., and Niesta, D. (2008). Romantic red: red enhances men’s attraction to women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1150–64.
Emlen, D. J. (2008). The evolution of animal weapons. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 39, 387–413.
Endler, J. A. (1983). Natural and sexual selection on color patterns in poeciliid fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 9, 173–90.
Endler, J. A. (1992). Signals, signal conditions, and the direction of evolution. American Naturalist, 139, S125–53.
Endler, J. A., and Basolo, A. L. (1998). Sensory ecology, receiver biases and sexual selection. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 415–20.
Endler, J. A., and Day, L. B. (2006). Ornament colour selection, visual contrast and the shape of colour preference functions in great bowerbirds, Chlamydera nuchalis. Animal Behaviour, 72, 1405–16.
Endler, J. A., Westcott, D. A., Madden, J. R., and Robson, T. (2005). Animal visual systems and the evolution of color patterns: sensory processing illuminates signal evolution. Evolution, 59, 1795–1818.
Fantz, R. L. (1963). Pattern vision in newborn infants. Science, 140, 296–7.
Fernandez, A. A., and Morris, M. R. (2007). Sexual selection and trichromatic color vision in primates: statistical support for the preexisting-bias hypothesis. American Naturalist, 170, 10–20.
Fincke, O. M., Fargevieille, A., and Schultz, T. D. (2007). Lack of innate preference for morph and species identity in mate-searching Enallagma damselflies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 1121–31.
Fisher, R. A. (1930). The Genetical Theory of Selection. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Fujita, K. (1987). Species recognition by five macaque monkeys. Primates, 28, 353–66.
Fujita, S., Sugiura, H., Mitsunaga, F., and Shimizu, K. (2004). Hormone profiles and reproductive characteristics in wild female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). American Journal of Primatology, 64, 367–75.
Gerald, M. S., Ayala, J., Ruíz-Lambides, A., Waitt, C., and Weiss, A. (2010). Do females pay attention to secondary sexual coloration in vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops)? Naturwissenschaften, 97, 89–96.
Ghiradella, H. (1991). Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies and moths. Applied Optics, 30, 3492–3500.
Gomez, D., Richardson, C., Lengagne, T., Derex, M., Plenet, S., Joly, P., Léna, J., et al. (2010). Support for a role of colour vision in mate choice in the nocturnal European tree frog (Hyla arborea). Behaviour, 147, 1753–68.
Gomez, D., Richardson, C., Lengagne, T., Plenet, S., Joly, P., Léna, J., and Théry, M. (2009). The role of nocturnal vision in mate choice: females prefer conspicuous males in the European tree frog (Hyla arborea). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 276, 2351–8.
Groves, C. P. (2005). Order Primates. In Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (eds.), Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edn (pp. 111–84). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Guéguen, N. (2012). Color and women attractiveness: when red clothed women are perceived to have more intense sexual intent. Journal of Social Psychology, 152, 261–5.
Guilford, T., and Harvey, P. H. (1998). Ornithology: the purple patch. Nature, 392, 867–9.
Hagelin, J. C., and Ligon, J. D. (2001). Female quail prefer testosterone-mediated traits, rather than the ornate plumage of males. Animal Behaviour, 61, 465–76.
Hamilton, P. S., and Sullivan, B. K. (2005). Female mate attraction in ornate tree lizards, Urosaurus ornatus: a multivariate analysis. Animal Behaviour, 69, 219–24.
Hanlon, R. T., and Messenger, J. B. (1996). Cephalopod Behaviour. Cambridge University Press.
Hebets, E. A. (2003). Subadult experience influences adult mate choice in an arthropod: exposed female wolf spiders prefer males of a familiar phenotype. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100, 13390–5.
Higham, J. P., Brend, L. J. N., Dubuc, C., Accamando, A. K., Engelhardt, A., Gerald, M. S., Heistermann, M., et al. (2010). Color signal information content and the eye of the beholder: a case study in the rhesus macaque. Behavioral Ecology, 21, 739–46.
Higham, J. P., Hughes, K. D., Brent, L. J. N., Dubuc, C., Engelhardt, A., Heistermann, M., Maestripieri, D., et al. (2011). Familiarity affects the assessment of female facial signals of fertility by free-ranging male rhesus macaques. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 278, 3452–8.
Higham, J. P., Pfefferle, D., Heistermann, M., Maestripieri, D., and Stevens, M. (2013). Signaling in multiple modalities in male rhesus macaques: sex skin coloration and barks in relation to androgen levels, social status, and mating behavior. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 67, 1457–69.
Hill, G. E. (1990). Female house finches prefer colourful males: sexual selection for a condition-dependent trait. Animal Behaviour, 40, 563–72.
Hill, G. E. (1991). Plumage coloration is a sexually selected indicator of male quality. Nature, 350, 337–9.
Hill, G. E. (1993). Male mate choice and the evolution of female plumage coloration in the house finch. Evolution, 47, 1515–25.
Hill, G. E. (2006). Female mate choice for ornamental coloration. In Hill, and McGraw, , Bird Coloration, pp. 137–200.
Hill, G. E., and McGraw, K. J. (2006). Bird Coloration: Function and Evolution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Hill, G. E., and Montgomerie, R. (1994). Plumage colour signals nutritional condition in the house finch. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 258, 47–52.
Hill, J. A., Enstrom, D. A., Ketterson, E. D., Nolan, V., and Ziegenfus, C. (1999). Mate choice based on static versus dynamic secondary sexual traits in the dark-eyed junco. Behavioral Ecology, 10, 91–6.
Hill, W. C. O. (1955). A note on integumental colours with special reference to the genus Mandrillus. Saeugetierkundliche Mitteilungen, 3, 145–51.
Houde, A. E. (1987). Mate choice based upon naturally occurring color-pattern variation in a guppy population. Evolution, 41, 1–10.
Houde, A. E. (1997). Sex, Color, and Mate Choice in Guppies. Princeton University Press.
Houde, A. E., and Torio, A. J. (1992). Effect of parasitic infection on male color pattern and female choice in guppies. Behavioral Ecology, 3, 346–51.
Hughes, K. D., Higham, J. P., Allen, W. L., Elliot, A. J., and Hayden, B. Y. (2015). Extraneous color affects female macaques’ gaze preference for photographs of male conspecifics. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 25–31.
Hunt, S., Cuthill, I. C., Bennett, A. T. D., and Griffiths, R. (1999). Preferences for ultraviolet partners in the blue tit. Animal Behaviour, 58, 809–15.
Hunt, S., Cuthill, I. C., Swaddle, J. P., and Bennett, A. T. D. (1997). Ultraviolet vision and band-colour preferences in female zebra finches, Taeniopygia guttata. Animal Behaviour, 54, 1383–92.
Jacobs, G. H. (1993). The distribution and nature of colour vision among the mammals. Biological Reviews, 68, 413–71.
Johnson, J. L. (1994). Pulse-coupled neural nets: translation, rotation, scale, distortion, and intensity signal invariance for images. Applied Optics, 33, 6239–53.
Kemp, D. J. (2007). Female butterflies prefer males bearing bright iridescent ornamentation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 274, 1043–7.
Kemp, D. J. (2008). Female mating biases for bright ultraviolet iridescence in the butterfly Eurema hecabe (Pieridae). Behavioral Ecology, 19, 1–8.
Kingston, J. J., Rosenthal, G. G., and Ryan, M. L. (2003). The role of sexual selection in maintaining a colour polymorphism in the pygmy swordtail, Xiphophorus pygmaeus. Animal Behaviour, 65, 735–43.
Kodric-Brown, A. (1985). Female preference and sexual selection for male coloration in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 17, 199–205.
Kodric-Brown, A., and Johnson, S. C. (2002). Ultraviolet reflectance patterns of male guppies enhance attractiveness to females. Animal Behaviour, 63, 391–6.
Kwiatkowski, M. A., and Sullivan, B. K. (2002). Geographic variation in sexual selection among populations of an iguanid lizard, Sauromalus obesus (=ater). Evolution, 56, 2039–51.
Lall, A. B., Cronin, T. W., Carvalho, A. A., de Souza, J. M., Parros, M. P., Stevani, C. V., Bechara, E. J. H., et al. (2010). Vision in click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae): pigments and spectral correspondence between visual sensitivity and species bioluminescence emission. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 196, 629–38.
Lall, A. B., Seliger, H. H., Biggley, W. H., and Lloyd, J. E. (1980). Ecology of colors of firefly bioluminescence. Science, 210, 560–2.
Lande, R. (1981). Models of speciation by sexual selection on polygenic traits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 78, 3721–5.
Lane, E. K. (2013). Sexual Selection of Beard Color in the Inland Bearded Dragon (Pogona vitticeps). Ph.D. dissertation, California State University–San Marcos.
LeBas, N. R., and Marshall, N. J. (2000). The role of colour in signaling and mate choice in the agamid lizard Ctenophorus ornatus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 267, 445–52.
Li, J., Zhang, Z., Liu, F., Liu, Q., Gan, W., Chen, J., Lim, M. L. M., et al. (2008). UVB-based mate-choice cues used by females of the jumping spider Phintella vittata. Current Biology, 18, 399–403.
Ligon, J. D., and Sqartjes, P. W. (1995). Ornate plumage of male red junglefowl does not influence mate choice by females. Animal Behaviour, 49, 117–25.
Lim, M. L. M., Land, M. F., and Li, D. (2007a). Sex-specific UV and fluorescence signals in jumping spiders. Science, 315, 481.
Lim, M. L. M., Land, M. F., and Li, D. (2007b). Effect of UV-reflecting marking on female mate-choice decisions in Cosmophasis umbratica, a jumping spider from Singapore. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 61–6.
Lind, O., Mitku, M., Olsson, P., and Kelber, A. (2013). Ultraviolet sensitivity and colour vision in raptor foraging. Journal of Experimental Biology, 216, 1819–26.
Long, K. D., and Houde, A. E. (1989). Orange spots as a visual cue for female mate choice in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Ethology, 82, 316–24.
Maan, M. E., and Cummings, M. E. (2009). Sexual dimorphism and direction selection on aposematic signals in a poison frog. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 19072–7.
Maan, M. E., Hofker, K. D., van Alphen, J. J. M., and Seehausen, O. (2006). Sensory drive in cichlid speciation. American Naturalist, 167, 947–54.
Marty, J. S., Higham, J. P., Gadsby, E. L., and Ross, C. (2009). Dominance, coloration, and social and sexual behavior in male drills Mandrillus leucophaeus. International Journal of Primatology, 30, 807–23.
McGraw, K. J. (2006a). Mechanics of carotenoid-based coloration. In Hill, and McGraw, , Bird Coloration, pp. 177–294.
McGraw, K. J. (2006b). Mechanisms of uncommon colors: pterins, porphyrins, and psittacofulvins. In Hill, and McGraw, , Bird Coloration, pp. 354–98.
McKinnon, J. S. (1995). Video mate preferences of female three-spined sticklebacks from populations with divergent male coloration. Animal Behaviour, 50, 1645–55.
McLennan, D. A., and McPhail, J. D. (1990). Experimental investigations of the evolutionary significance of sexually dimorphic nuptial colouration in the Gasterosteus aculeatus (L.): the relationship between male colour and female behaviour. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68, 482–92.
Milinski, M., and Bakker, T. C. M. (1990). Female sticklebacks use male coloration in mate choice and hence avoid parasitized males. Nature, 344, 330–3.
Morehouse, N. I., and Rutowski, R. L. (2010). In the eyes of the beholders: female choice and avian predation risk associated with an exaggerated male butterfly color. American Naturalist, 176, 768–84.
Muma, K. E., and Weatherhead, P. J. (1989). Male traits expressed in females: direct or indirect sexual selection? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 25, 23–31.
Newton, A. V. (1896). A Dictionary of Birds. London: A & C Black.
Osorio, D., and Vorobyev, M. (2005). Photoreceptor spectral sensitivities in terrestrial animals: adaptations for luminance and colour vision. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 272, 1745–52.
Palmer, M. S., and Hankison, S. J. (2012). UV and mate choice in the sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna [abstract]. Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting; January 3–7, 2012, Charleston, South Carolina.
Pierotti, M. E. R., Martín-Fernández, J. A., and Seehausen, O. (2009). Mapping individual variation in male mating preference space: multiple choice in a color polymorphic cichlid fish. Evolution, 63, 2372–88.
Pincemy, G., Dobson, F. S., and Jouventin, P. (2009). Experiments on colour ornaments and mate choice in king penguins. Animal Behaviour, 78, 1247–53.
Prum, R. O. (2006). Anatomy, physics, and evolution of structural colors. In Hill, and McGraw, , Bird Coloration, pp. 295–353.
Pryke, S. R., Andersson, S., and Lawes, M. J. (2001). Sexual selection of multiple handicaps in the red-collared widowbird: female choice of tail length but not carotenoid display. Evolution, 55, 1452–63.
Qu, X., Yan, J., Xiao, H., and Zhu, Z. (2008). Image fusion algorithm based on spatial frequency-motivated pulse coupled neural networks in nonsubsampled contourlet transform domain. Acta Automatica Sinica, 34, 1508–14.
Re, D. E., Whitehead, R. D., Xio, D., and Perrett, D. I. (2011). Oxygenated-blood colour change thresholds for perceived facial redness, health, and attractiveness. PLoS ONE, 6, e17859.
Renoult, J. P., Schaefer, H. M., Sallé, B., and Charpentier, M. J. E. (2011). The evolution of the multicoloured face of mandrills: insights from the perceptual space of colour vision. PLoS ONE, 6, e29117.
Rhodes, G., and Jeffery, L. (2006). Adaptive norm-based coding of facial identity. Vision Research, 46, 2977–87.
Rick, I. P., Modarressie, R., and Bakker, T. C. M. (2006). UV wavelengths affect female mate choice in three-spined sticklebacks. Animal Behaviour, 71, 307–13.
Roberts, S. C., Owen, R. C., and Havlicek, J. (2010). Distinguishing between perceiver and wearer effects in clothing color-associated attributions. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 350–64.
Rudh, A., and Qvarnström, A. (2013). Adaptive colouration in amphibians. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 24, 553–61.
Rutowski, R. L., and Rajyaguru, P. K. (2013). Male-specific iridescent coloration in the pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor) is used in mate choice by females but not sexual discrimination by males. Journal of Insect Behavior, 26, 200–11.
Ryan, M. J. (1990). Sexual selection, sensory systems and sensory exploitation. Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology, 7, 157–95.
Schwartz, S., and Singer, M. (2012). Romantic red revisited: red enhances men’s attraction to young, but not menopausal women. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 161–4.
Seehausen, O., van Alphen, J. J. M., and Witte, F. (1997). Cichlid fish diversity threatened by eutrophication that curbs sexual selection. Science, 277, 1808–11.
Seitz, J. J., Schmutz, S. M., Thue, T. D., and Buchanan, F. C. (1999). A missense mutation in the bovine MGF gene is associated with the roan phenotype in Belgian Blue and Shorthorn cattle. Mammalian Genome, 10, 710–12.
Semler, D. E. (1971). Some aspects of adaptation in a polymorphism for breeding colours in the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Journal of the Zoological Society of London, 165, 291–302.
Senar, J. C., and Escobar, D. (2002). Carotenoid derived plumage coloration in the siskin Carduelis spinus is related to foraging ability. Avian Science, 2, 19–24.
Setchell, J. M. (2005). Do female mandrills prefer brightly colored males? International Journal of Primatology, 26, 715–35.
Setchell, J. M., Adams, M. J., and Knapp, L. A. (2014). Female mate choice in mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) [abstract]. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153, 236–7.
Setchell, J. M., Charpentier, M. J. E., Abbott, K. M., Wickings, E. J., and Knapp, L. A. (2009). Is brightest best? Testing the Hamilton–Zuk hypothesis in mandrills. International Journal of Primatology, 30, 825–44.
Setchell, J. M., Charpentier, M., and Wickings, E. J. (2005). Mate guarding and paternity in mandrills: factors influencing alpha male monopoly. Animal Behaviour, 70, 1105–20.
Setchell, J. M., and Dixson, A. F. (2001). Changes in the secondary sexual adornments of male mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) are associated with gain and loss of alpha status. Hormones and Behavior, 39, 177–84.
Setchell, J. M., and Wickings, E. J. (2004). Sexual swelling in mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx): a test of the reliable indicator hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology, 15, 438–45.
Setchell, J. M., and Wickings, E. J. (2005). Dominance, status signals and coloration in male mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Ethology, 111, 25–50.
Setchell, J. M., Wickings, E. J., and Knapp, L. A. (2006). Signal content of red facial coloration in female mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 273, 2395–2400.
Sigmund, W. R. (1983). Female preference for Anolis carolinensis males as a function of dewlap color and background coloration. Journal of Herpetology, 17, 137–43.
Slominski, A., Wortsman, J., Plonka, P. M., Schallreuter, K. U., Paus, R., and Tobin, D. J. (2004). Hair follicle pigmentation. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 124, 13–21.
Smith, E. J., Partridge, J. C., Parsons, K. N., White, E. M., Cuthill, I. C., Bennett, A. T. D., and Church, S. C. (2002). Ultraviolet vision and mate choice in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Behavioral Ecology, 13, 11–19.
Stephen, I. D., Oldham, F. H., Perrett, D. I., and Barton, R. A. (2012). Redness enhances perceived aggression, dominance and attractiveness in men’s faces. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 562–72.
Stevens, M., and Cuthill, I. C. (2007). Hidden messages: are ultraviolet signals a special channel in avian communication? BioScience, 57, 501–7.
Stoddard, M. C., and Prum, R. O. (2008). Evolution of avian plumage color in a tetrahedral color space: a phylogenetic analysis of New World buntings. American Naturalist, 171, 755–76.
Stoddard, M. C., and Prum, R. O. (2011). How colorful are birds? Evolution of the avian plumage color gamut. Behavioral Ecology, 22, 1042–52.
Summers, K., Symula, R., Clough, M., and Cronin, T. (1999). Visual mate choice in poison frogs. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 266, 2141–5.
Sumner, P., and Mollon, J. D. (2003). Colors of primate pelage and skin: objective assessment of conspicuousness. American Journal of Primatology, 59, 67–91.
Taylor, L. A., and McGraw, K. J. (2013). Male ornamental coloration improves courtship success in a jumping spider, but only in the sun. Behavioral Ecology, 24, 955–67.
Toomey, M. B., and McGraw, K. J. (2012). Mate choice for a male carotenoid-based ornament is linked to female dietary carotenoid intake and accumulation. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 12, 3.
Torres, R., and Velando, A. (2003). A dynamic trait affects continuous pair assessment in the blue-footed booby, Sula nebouxii. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 55, 65–72.
Torres, R., and Velando, A. (2005). Male preference for female foot colour in the socially monogamous blue-footed booby, Sula nebouxii. Animal Behaviour, 69, 59–65.
Trivers, R. L. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In Campbell, B. (ed.), Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man 1871–1971 (pp. 136–207). Chicago: Aldine.
van Gossum, H., Stoks, R., and De Bruyn, L. (2001). Reversible frequency-dependent switches in male mate choice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 268, 83–5.
van Gossum, H., Stoks, R., Matthysen, E., Valck, F., and De Bruyn, L. (1999). Male choice for female colour morphs in Ischnura elegans (Odonata, Coenagrionidae): testing the hypotheses. Animal Behaviour, 57, 1229–32.
Vásquez, T., and Pfenning, K. S. (2007). Looking on the bright side: females prefer coloration indicative of male size and condition in the sexually dichromatic spadefoot toad, Scaphiopus couchii. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 62, 127–35.
Vorobyev, M., and Osorio, D. (1998). Receptor noise as a determinant of colour thresholds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 265, 351–8.
Waitt, C., Gerald, M. S., Little, A. C., and Kraiselburd, E. (2006). Selective attention toward female secondary sexual color in male rhesus macaques. American Journal of Primatology, 68, 738–44.
Waitt, C., Little, A. C., Wolfensohn, S., Honess, P., Brown, A. P., Buchanan-Smith, H. M., and Perrett, D. I. (2003). Evidence from rhesus macaques suggests that male coloration plays a role in female primate mate choice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 270, S144–6.
Watkins, G. G. (1997). Inter-sexual signaling and the functions of female coloration in the tropidurid lizard Microlophus occipitalis. Animal Behaviour, 53, 843–52.
West, P. M., and Packer, C. (2002). Sexual selection, temperature, and the lion’s mane. Science, 297, 1339–43.
White, E. M., Partridge, J. C., and Church, S. C. (2003). Ultraviolet dermal reflexion and mate choice in the guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Animal Behaviour, 65, 693–700.
Wiernasz, D. C. (1989). Female choice and sexual selection of male wing melanin pattern in Pieris occidentalis (Lepidoptera). Evolution, 43, 1672–82.
Wiernasz, D. C. (1995). Male choice on the basis of female melanin patterns in Pieris butterflies. Animal Behaviour, 49, 45–51.
Winters, S., Dubuc, C., and Higham, J. P. (2015). Perspectives: the looking time experimental paradigm in studies of non-human perception and cognition. Ethology, 121, 1–16.
Winters, S., Kamilar, J. M., Webster, T. H., Bradley, B. J., and Higham, J. P. (2014). Primate camouflage as seen by felids, raptors, and conspecifics. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 153, 275.
Wong, B. B. M., Candolin, U., and Lindstrom, K. (2007). Environmental deterioration compromises socially enforced signals of male quality in three-spined sticklebacks. American Naturalist, 170, 184–9.
Zuk, M., Thornhill, R., Ligon, J. D., Johnson, K., Austad, S., Ligon, S. H., Thornhill, N. W., et al. (1990). The role of male ornaments and courtship behavior in female mate choice of red jungle fowl. American Naturalist, 136, 459–73.