Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 29
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ravaiano, Samira Veiga Barbosa, Wagner Faria Campos, Lúcio Antônio and Martins, Gustavo Ferreira 2018. Variations in circulating hemocytes are affected by age and caste in the stingless bee Melipona quadrifasciata. The Science of Nature, Vol. 105, Issue. 7-8,

    Lizée, Marie-Hélène Barascud, Bernard Cornec, Jean-Pierre and Sreng, Leam 2017. Courtship and Mating Behavior of the Cockroach Oxyhaloa deusta [Thunberg, 1784] (Blaberidae, Oxyhaloinae): Attraction Bioassays and Morphology of the Pheromone Sources. Journal of Insect Behavior, Vol. 30, Issue. 6, p. 674.

    Naseri, Bahram Tanha Maafi, Zahra Abdolmaleki, Arman and Dastjerdi, Hooshang Rafiee 2017. Cellular and humoral responses of Pieris brassicae to infection by Steinernema feltiae, its symbiont bacteria, and their metabolites. Nematology, Vol. 19, Issue. 4, p. 477.

    2017. Atlas of Invertebrate Viruses. p. 227.

    Tyurin, M. V. Kryukov, V. Yu. Yaroslavtseva, O. N. Elisafenko, E. A. Dubovskiy, I. M. and Glupov, V. V. 2016. Comparative analysis of immune responses in Colorado potato beetle larvae during development of mycoses caused by Metarhizium robertsii, M. brunneum, and M. pemphigi. Journal of Evolutionary Biochemistry and Physiology, Vol. 52, Issue. 3, p. 252.

    Duressa, Tewodros Firdissa and Huybrechts, Roger 2016. Development of primary cell cultures using hemocytes and phagocytic tissue cells of Locusta migratoria: an application for locust immunity studies. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal, Vol. 52, Issue. 1, p. 100.

    Kryukov, V. Yu. Yaroslavtseva, O. N. Dubovskiy, I. M. Tyurin, M. V. Kryukova, N. A. and Glupov, V. V. 2014. Insecticidal and immunosuppressive effect of ascomycete Cordyceps militaris on the larvae of the Colorado potato beetle Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Biology Bulletin, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 276.

    Singh, Ajay Pratap Jain, Manish Kumar and Banerjee, Smita 2014. Natural Products Modulate Eicosanoid Mediated Nodulation in Poekilocerus pictus Fab. (Acrididae, Orthoptera). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 84, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Singh, Ajay Pratap and Banerjee, Smita 2012. Naturally Occurring Quinones Modulate Haemagglutinin Activity in Poekilocerus pictus Fab. (Acrididae, Orthoptera). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 82, Issue. 4, p. 543.

    Andrade, Fábio Goulart de Negreiro, Maria Cláudia Cordeiro de Levy, Sheila Michele Fonseca, Inês Cristina de Batista Moscardi, Flávio and Falleiros, Ângela Maria Ferreira 2010. Hemocyte quantitative changes in Anticarsia gemmatalis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae infected by AgMNPV. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Vol. 53, Issue. 2, p. 279.

    Berger, Josef 2009. Preclinical testing on insects predicts human haematotoxic potentials. Laboratory Animals, Vol. 43, Issue. 4, p. 328.

    Negreiro, Maria C. C. de Carvalho, Renata B. R. Andrade, Fábio G. de Levy, Sheila M. Moscardi, Flávio and Falleiros, Ângela M. F. 2009. Caracterização citológica dos hemócitos de Anticarsia gemmatalis (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) em larvas resistentes ao vírus AgMNPV. Iheringia. Série Zoologia, Vol. 99, Issue. 1, p. 66.

    Phukan, Moushumi Hazarika, L.K. Barooah, Madhumita Puzari, K.C. and Kalita, S. 2008. Interaction of Dicladispa armigera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) haemocytes with Beauveria bassiana. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Vol. 28, Issue. 02, p. 88.

    ., J.P. Pandey ., R.K. Tiwari and ., Dinesh Kumar 2008. Temperature and Ganglionectomy Stresses Affect Haemocyte Counts in Plain Tiger Butterfly, Danais chrysippus L. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of Entomology, Vol. 5, Issue. 2, p. 113.

    Hartenstein, Volker 2006. Blood Cells and Blood Cell Development in the Animal Kingdom. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 677.

    Gujar, Govind T. and Kalia, Vinay K. 2005. Hemocyte diversity of the American bollwormHelicoverpa armigera. Phytoparasitica, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 17.

    Giulianini, P.G. Bertolo, F. Battistella, S. and Amirante, G.A. 2003. Ultrastructure of the hemocytes of Cetonischema aeruginosa larvae (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae): involvement of both granulocytes and oenocytoids in in vivo phagocytosis. Tissue and Cell, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 243.

    Carneiro, M.E. and Daemon, E. 2003. Influência da temperatura sobre os tipos celulares presentes na hemolinfa de larvas e ninfas de Rhipicephalus sanguineus. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Vol. 55, Issue. 5, p. 574.

    Falleiros, Ângela Maria Ferreira Bombonato, Maria Terezinha Siqueira and Gregório, Elisa Aparecida 2003. [NO TITLE AVAILABLE]. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Vol. 46, Issue. 2, p. 287.

    Carneiro, Maria Elisa and Daemon, Erik 2002. Estudo comparativo do aspecto da hemolinfa de algumas espécies de carrapatos (Acari, Ixodidae): descrição da variação hemocitária de adultos de Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius) Koch. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, Vol. 19, Issue. suppl 1, p. 171.

  • Print publication year: 1979
  • Online publication date: August 2010

4 - Hemocyte types: their structures, synonymies, interrelationships, and taxonomic significance



Hemocytes of arthropods and several other invertebrate groups have been studied (see Gupta, 1979). Among arthropods, they have been most extensively studied in insects, followed by crustaceans, arachnids, and myriapods. Hemocytes of a few onychophorans also have been described. It is not surprising, therefore, that the need for a reliable, uniform classification of various hemocyte types has been felt more keenly by insect hematologists than by those of other arthropod groups. Fortunately, a generally acceptable hemocyte classification in insects, based largely on morphological characteristics, now exists.

Hemocyte classifications both in insects and other arthropods have been variously based on morphology, functions, and staining or histochemical reactions of hemocytes. Thus, it is not unusual to find the same hemocyte type or its various forms being referred to by different names in various arthropods, by different authors – a situation that has inevitably resulted in a confusing mass of terminology. Consequently, it becomes very difficult to compare hemocytes of one species with those of others. This has particularly hindered any phylogenetic consideration of the evolution of hemocyte types in various arthropod groups and the Onychophora. Clearly, there is a need for a uniform hemocyte classification for insects as well as other arthropod groups. The insect hemocyte classification that is generally used has evolved over more than half a century. According to Millara (1947), Cuenot (1896) was the first to classify insect hemocytes into four categories and was later followed in this attempt by Hollande (1909, 1911) and others. Wigglesworth (1939) summarized most of the earlier classifications and presented a classification that was widely accepted. He modified it later (Wigglesworth, 1959).

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Insect Hemocytes
  • Online ISBN: 9780511759987
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *