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Occupying Syria under the French Mandate
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Book description

What role does military force play during a colonial occupation? The answer seems obvious: coercion crushes local resistance, quashes political dissent and consolidates the dominance of the occupying power. However, as this discerning and theoretically rigorous study suggests, violence can have much more ambiguous consequences. Set in Syria during the French Mandate from 1920 to 1946, the book explores a turbulent period in which conflict between armed Syrian insurgents and French military forces not only determined the strategic objectives of the colonial state, but also transformed how the colonial state organised, controlled and understood Syrian society, geography and population. In addition to the coercive techniques, the book shows how civilian technologies such as urban planning and engineering were also commandeered in the effort to undermine rebel advances. Colonial violence had a lasting effect in Syria, shaping a peculiar form of social order that endured well after the French occupation.

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Contents

Bibliography

1. Archives

  • CADN Centre des Archives diplomatiques, Nantes, France.

    • Fonds Beyrouth-Mandat (1er versement).

    • Fonds Beyrouth-Mandat (2e versement).

  • CHEAM Centre de Hautes études administratives sur l’Afrique et l’Asie modernes, Fontainebleau, France.

  • IFPO Archives de l’Institut français du Proche-Orient, Damascus, Syria.

  • MAE Ministère des Affaires étrangères, Quai d’Orsay, Paris, France.

    • Série E-Levant, sous-série Syrie-Liban 1918–1940.

  • MWT Markaz al-Wathā’iq al-Tārīkhiyya [Centre for Historical Documentation], Damascus, Syria.

  • SHAT Service historique de l’armée de la terre, Vincennes, France.

2. Periodicals

L’Asie française1921–1940
La Revue des Troupes du Levant1921–1940
Al-Jundī1946–1952
Al-Majalla al-ʿAskariyya1950–1955

3. Books, Articles and Theses

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