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Open versus Closed
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  • Cited by 8
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    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Federico, Christopher M. and Ekstrom, Pierce D. 2018. The Political Self: How Identity Aligns Preferences With Epistemic Needs. Psychological Science, Vol. 29, Issue. 6, p. 901.

    Boston, Joshua Homola, Jonathan Sinclair, Betsy Torres, Michelle and Tucker, Patrick D 2018. The Dynamic Relationship between Personality Stability and Political Attitudes. Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 82, Issue. S1, p. 257.

    Johnston, Christopher D. 2018. Authoritarianism, Affective Polarization, and Economic Ideology. Political Psychology, Vol. 39, Issue. , p. 219.

    Luttig, Matthew D. 2018. The “Prejudiced Personality” and the Origins of Partisan Strength, Affective Polarization, and Partisan Sorting. Political Psychology, Vol. 39, Issue. , p. 239.

    Federico, Christopher M. and Malka, Ariel 2018. The Contingent, Contextual Nature of the Relationship Between Needs for Security and Certainty and Political Preferences: Evidence and Implications. Political Psychology, Vol. 39, Issue. , p. 3.

    Cahn, Naomi and Carbone, June 2018. The politics of marriage policy. Australian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 53, Issue. 3, p. 385.

    Grossmann, Matt and Thaler, Daniel 2018. Mass–Elite Divides in Aversion to Social Change and Support for Donald Trump. American Politics Research, Vol. 46, Issue. 5, p. 753.

    Weiner, Elliot and Federico, Christopher M. 2017. Authoritarianism, Institutional Confidence, and Willingness to Engage in Collective Action. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 43, Issue. 3, p. 392.

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Book description

Debates over redistribution, social insurance, and market regulation are central to American politics. Why do some citizens prefer a large role for government in the economic life of the nation while others wish to limit its reach? In Open versus Closed, the authors argue that these preferences are not always what they seem. They show how deep-seated personality traits underpinning the culture wars over race, immigration, law and order, sexuality, gender roles, and religion shape how citizens think about economics, binding cultural and economic inclinations together in unexpected ways. Integrating insights from both psychology and political science - and twenty years of observational and experimental data - the authors reveal the deeper motivations driving attitudes toward government. They find that for politically active citizens these attitudes are not driven by self-interest, but by a desire to express the traits and cultural commitments that define their identities.

Reviews

'A creative and original investigation into the puzzling, polarizing and often contradictory personality-based forces driving economic policy preferences. It’s a fascinating read and a major contribution to the field of political psychology.'

Kevin Smith - University of Nebraska, Lincoln

'Political psychologists know why people adopt particular stances on social issues but the sources of economic preferences remain murky. Johnston, Lavine, and Federico rectify this situation in one fell swoop with an inventive and compelling account of the reasons many people - especially the well-informed - frequently act contrary to their own economic self-interest.'

John R. Hibbing - Co-Author of Predisposed: Liberals, Conservatives and the Biology of Political Differences

'Open versus Closed develops a fascinating theoretical argument around a central dimension of personality: the disposition for being ‘open’ or ‘closed’ to uncertainty and risk. Integrating disparate strands of research in political science, economics, and psychology, Johnston, Lavine, and Federico articulate two alternative pathways for how being open versus closed shapes opinions on fundamentally important issues of social welfare, redistribution, and government intervention in the market. Through wide-ranging observational and experimental tests, the authors show that political engagement plays a critical role in leading the open vs. closed citizen to develop opinions that, among the politically unengaged, reflect what they need and that, among the politically engaged, reflect who they aspire to be. Amidst a politically polarized and economically stratified society, [this] work reminds us of the critical importance of political elites and citizen engagement in channeling how personality informs what citizens demand from government and why.'

Cindy D. Kam - Vanderbilt University, Tennessee

'This is a path-breaking study. It brings into view, arguably more dramatically than any previous work, the complexity - or perhaps better the perversity - of personality and political choice. Among other things, it is on the thinking of the politically aware and engaged, not the inattentive and indifferent, that personality, the emblem of the irrational, has its strongest impact.'

Paul Sniderman - Stanford University

'Open Versus Closed is certain to have a major impact on the field. Not only do Johnston, Lavine, and Federico comprise a veritable all-star team of co-authors, their book embodies the best features of political psychology. It doesn’t give short shrift to the political in its exploration of the psychological. Instead the emphasis on the psychological allows them to solve an important political puzzle about attitudes toward redistribution that no one else has been able to crack.'

Marc J. Hetherington - Vanderbilt University, Tennessee

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