Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Reign of Appearances
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The public sphere, be it the Greek agora or the New York Times op-ed page, is the realm of appearances - not citizenship. Its central event is spectacle - not dialogue. Public dialogue, the mantra of many intellectuals and political commentators, is but a contradiction in terms. Marked by an asymmetry between the few who act and the many who watch, the public sphere can undermine liberal democracy, law, and morality. Inauthenticity, superficiality, and objectification are the very essence of the public sphere. But the public sphere also liberates us from the bondages of private life and fosters an existentially vital aesthetic experience. Reign of Appearances uses a variety of cases to reveal the logic of the public sphere, including homosexuality in Victorian England, the 2008 crash, antisemitism in Europe, confidence in American presidents, communications in social media, special prosecutor investigations, the visibility of African-Americans, violence during the French Revolution, the Islamic veil, and contemporary sexual politics. This unconventional account of the public sphere is critical reading for anyone who wants to understand the effects of visibility in urban life, politics, and the media.

Reviews

‘For most political theorists, the public sphere is simply the place where people like them argue about politics. Ari Adut thinks that this is both unrealistic and unimaginative. In this brilliant and original book, he gives us a far more critical account - and then a lovely (and unexpected) appreciation of how we live in public places and in public view.'

Michael Walzer - Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey

‘An original, provocative, sustained, and sophisticated theoretical-cum-empirical work on a vital topic. Written with panache and style, and filled with deft scholarly references from the history of philosophy, the visual arts, and literature, the book is a great pleasure to read.'

Jeffrey Alexander - Lillian Chavenson Saden Professor of Sociology, Yale University, Connecticut

'… the work is careful scholarship with appropriate citations. Adut’s writing is never boring. The book is intense, original, stimulating'

R. E. O'Connor Source: Choice

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Abbott, Andrew. 1981. “Status and Status Strain in Professions.” American Journal of Sociology 86 (4): 819–35.
Adorno, Theodor. 1984. Aesthetic Theory. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Adorno, Theodor, and Horkheimer, Max. 1986. The Dialectics of Enlightenment. London: Verso.
Adut, Ari. 2004. “Scandal as Norm Entrepreneurship Strategy: Corruption and the French Investigating Magistrates.” Theory and Society 33 (5): 529–78.
Adut, Ari. 2005. “A Theory of Scandal: Victorians, Homosexuality, and the Fall of Oscar Wilde.” American Journal of Sociology 111 (1): 213–48.
Adut, Ari. 2008. On Scandal: Moral Disturbances in Society, Politics, and Art. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Adut, Ari. 2010. “Interest, Collusion, and Alignment: A Critical Evaluation of Ruling Oneself Out.” Social Science History Journal 34 (1): 83–9.
Alberro, Alexander. 2003. Conceptual Art and the Politics of Publicity. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Alexander, Jeffrey C. 1989. Structure and Meaning: Rethinking Classical Sociology. New York: Columbia University Press.
Alexander, Jeffrey C. 1998. “Civil Society between Difference and Solidarity: Rethinking Integration in the Fragmented Public Sphere.” Theoria 12: 114.
Alexander, Jeffrey C. 2008. The Civil Sphere. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Allport, C. Fred. 2000. “What Would It Matter if Everything Foucault Said about Prison Were Wrong? Discipline and Punish after Twenty Years.” Theory and Society 29: 125–46.
Altschuler, Bruce E. 1990. LBJ and the Polls. Gainesville: University of Florida Press.
Altschuler, Glenn C., and Blumin, Stuart M.. 2001. Rude Republic: Americans and Their Politics in the Nineteenth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ammann, Ludwig. 2006. “Private and Public in Muslim Civilization.” In Islam in Public, edited by Gole, Nilufer and Amman, Ludwig, pp. 77125. Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University Press.
Andersen, Hans Christian. 1996. The Complete Hans Christian Andersen Fairy Tales. New York: Gramercy.
Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.
Anechiarico, Frank, and Jacobs, James B.. 1996. The Pursuit of Absolute Integrity: How Corruption Control Makes Government Ineffective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Apostolidès, Jean-Marie. 1981. Le roi-machine: Spectacle et politique au temps de Louis XIV. Paris: Éditions de Minuit.
Aquinas, Saint Thomas. 1981. Summa Theologica. New York: Christian Classics.
Arendt, Hannah. 1958. The Human Condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt, Hannah. 1959. “Reflections on Little Rock.” Dissent (6) 1: 4556.
Arendt, Hannah. 1981. The Life of the Mind. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich.
Arendt, Hannah. 1982. Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt, Hannah. 2007. The Promise of Politics. New York: Schocken Books.
Arendt, Hannah. 2007. The Jewish Writings. New York: Schocken Books.
Ariès, Philippe. 1974. Western Attitudes toward Death: From the Middle Ages to the Present. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Ariès, Philippe. 1989. “Introduction.” In A History of Private Life, Volume III: Passions of the Renaissance, edited by Chartier, Roger, pp. 111. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Aristophanes. Clouds. 2012. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Aristotle. 1996. Politics and The Constitution of Athens. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Aristotle. 2012. Metaphysics. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Aronowitz, Stanley. 1993. “Is a Democracy Possible? The Decline of the Public in the American Debate.” In The Phantom Public Sphere, edited by Robbins, Bruce, pp. 7592. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Auguet, Roland. 1972. Cruelty and Civilization: The Roman Games. London: Routledge.
Aumann, Robert. 1976. “Agreeing to DisagreeAnnals of Statistics 4 (6): 1236–9.
Austin, John. 1962. How to Do Things with Words. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Baiocchi, Gianpaolo. 2003. “Emergent Public Spheres: Talking Politics in Participatory Governance.” American Sociological Review 68: 5274.
Baker, Keith. 1990. Inventing the French Revolution: Essays on French Political Culture in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baldwin, James. 1955. Notes of a Native Son. New York: Beacon Press.
Ball, Donald. 1975. “Privacy, Publicity, Deviance and Control.” Pacific Sociological Review 18: 259–78.
Balzac, Honoré de. 1901. Physiologie du mariage; ou, méditations de philosophie éclectique sur le bonheur et le malheur conjugal. Paris: Société d’Éditions Littéraires et Artistiques.
Barish, Jonas A. 1981. The Antitheatrical Prejudice. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Baron, Salo W. 1928. “Ghetto and Emancipation.” Menorah Journal 14: 515–26.
Barthes, Roland. 1967. Système de la mode. Paris: Seuil.
Barthes, Roland. 1978. Image-Music-Text. New York: Hill and Wang.
Bastien, Pascal. 2006. L'exécution publique à Paris au XVIIIe siècle: Une histoire des rituels judicaires. Ceyzérieu: Champ Vallon Seyssel.
Baudelaire, Charles. 1995. Le peintre de la vie moderne. Paris: Fayard.
Baumgarten, Alexander. 1954. Reflections on Poetry. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Beard, Mary. 2014. “The Public Voice of Women.” London Review of Books 36 (6): 1114.
Beisel, Nicole. 1997. Imperiled Innocents: Anthony Comstock and Family Reproduction in Victorian American. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Benhabib, Seyla. 1992. “Models of Public Space: Hannah Arendt, the Liberal Tradition, and Jürgen Habermas.” In Habermas and the Public Sphere, edited by Calhoun, Craig, pp. 7398. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Benhabib, Seyla. 1996. “Toward a Deliberative Model of Democratic Legitimacy.” In Democracy and Difference, edited by Benhabib, Seyla. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Benjamin, Walter. 1999. The Arcades Project. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Benjamin, Walter. 2006. The Writer of Modern Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bennett, W. L., and Iyengar, S.. 2008. “A New Era of Minimal Effects? The Changing Foundations of Political Communication.” Journal of Communication 58: 707–31.
Bensel, Richard Franklin. 2004. The American Ballot Box in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Benson, Rodney. 2004. “Bringing the Sociology of Media Back In.” Political Communication 21: 275–92.
Bentham, Jeremy. 1843. The Works of Jeremy Bentham. Edinburgh: William Tait.
Bernard, Berelson R., Lazarsfeld, Paul F., and McPhee, William N.. 1986. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Berman, Sheri. 1997. “Civil Society and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic.” World Politics 49 (1997): 401–29.
Bérubé, Allan. 1990. Coming out under Fire: The History of Gay Men and Women in World War II. New York: Macmillan.
Birnbaum, Pierre, ed. 1994. La France de l'affaire Dreyfus. Paris: Gallimard.
Black, Donald. 1993. The Social Structure of Right and Wrong. New York: Academic Press.
Black Public Sphere Collective, ed. 1995. The Black Public Sphere: A Public Culture Book. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Blackstone, Sir William. 1962. Commentaries on the Laws of England. Boston: Beacon Press.
Bleackley, Horace, and Lofland, John. 1977. State Executions Viewed Historically and Sociologically. Montclair, NJ: Patterson Smith.
Boling, Patricia. 1996. Privacy and the Politics of Intimate Life. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Boltanski, Luc. 1990. L'amour et la justice comme compétence. Paris: Métaillé.
Boltanski, Luc. 1999. La souffrance à distance: Morale humanitaire, médias, et politique. Paris: Métaillé.
Boltanski, Luc, and Thévenot, Laurent. 1990. De la justification. Paris: Gallimard.
Boorstin, Daniel J. 1961. The Image: A Guide to Pseudo-Events in America. New York: Harper and Row.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1972. Esquisse d'une théorie de la pratique. Paris: Éditions Droz.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1979. La distinction. Critique sociale du jugement. Paris: Les Éditions de Minuit.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1982. Ce que parler veut dire: L’économie des échangés linguistiques. Paris: Fayard.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1999. Language and Symbolic Power. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bourke, Paul F., and DeBats., Donald A. 1977–8. “Identifiable Voting in Nineteenth Century America: Toward a Comparison of Britain and the United States before the Secret Ballot.” Perspectives in American History 11: 259–88.
Brace, Paul, and Hinckley, Barbara. 1992. Follow the Leader: Opinion Polls and the Modern Presidents. New York: Basic Books.
Braudy, Leo. 1986. The Frenzy of Renown: Fame and Its History. New York; Oxford University Press.
Bredin, Jean-Denis. 1986. The Affair: The Case of Alfred Dreyfus. New York: George Braziller.
Brennan, Jason. 2016. Against Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Breviglieri, Marc. 2002. “L'horizon du ne plus habiter et l'absence du maintein du soi.” In L'héritage du pragmatisme. Conflits d'urbanité et épreuves de civisme, edited by Céfaie, D. and Joseph, I., pp. 319–36. La Tour-d'Aigues, France: Éditions de l'Aube.
Bryson, Bill. 1999. Notes from a Big Country. London: Black Swan.
Buber, Martin. 1958. I and Thou. New York: Scribner.
Burke, Edmund. 2008. A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful. New York: Oxford University Press.
Burkhardt, Jacob. 1998. The Greeks and Greek Civilization. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Butler, Judith. 1997. Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. London: Routledge.
Calhoun, Craig. 1992. Habermas and the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Calhoun, Craig. 1993. “Civil Society and the Public Sphere.” Public Culture 5: 267–80.
Camp, John M. 1986. The Athenian Agora: Excavations in the Heart of Classical Athens. London: Thames & Hudson.
Campo, Juan Eduardo. 1991. The Other Sides of Paradise: Explorations into the Religious Meanings of Domesticity in Islam. New York: Columbia University Press.
Carothers, J. C. 1956. “Culture, Psychiatry, and the Written Word.” Psychiatry 22 (4): 307–20.
Chanu, Pierre. 1978. La mort à Paris, XVIe et XVIIe siècles. Paris: Fayard.
Chancer, Lynne. 2005. High Profile Crimes: When Legal Cases Become Social Causes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chartier, Roger. 1989. “The Practical Impact of Writing.” In A History of Private Life, Volume III: Passions of the Renaissance, edited by Chartier, Roger, pp. 111–60. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Chauncey, George. 1995. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World 1890–1940. New York: Basic Books.
Chwe, Michael. 2002. Rational Ritual. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Clark, Henry C. 1994. La Rochefoucauld and the Language of Unmasking in Seventeenth-Century France. Geneva: Droz.
Clark, Kenneth. 1972. The Nude: A Study in Ideal Form. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Clark, Matthew. 2001. “Was Telemachus Rude to His Mother? Odyssey 1.356–59.” Classical Philology 96 (4): 2001.
Clayman, Steven E., and Heritage, John. 2002. The News Interview: Journalists and Public Figures on the Air. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cocks, H. G. 2009. Nameless Offences: Homosexual Desire in the 19th Century. London: I. B. Tauris.
Cohen, Jean. 1997. “Rethinking Privacy: Autonomy, Identity, and the Abortion Controversy.” In Public and Private in Thought and Practice, edited by Weintraub, Jeff and Kumar, Krishan, pp. 133–65. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cohen, Jean, and Arato, Andrew. 1992. Civil Society and Political Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Cohen, Jeffrey E. 2008. The Presidency in the Era of 24-Hour News. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cohen, Richard. 2002. “Urban Visibility and Biblical Visions.” In Cultures of the Jews: A New History, edited by Biale, David, pp. 731–98. New York: Schocken Books.
Coleman, James. 1990. The Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Collins, Gail. 1998. Scorpion Tongues. New York: William Morrow.
Collins, Randall. 2000. Sociology of Philosophies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Collins, Randall. 2003. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Collins, Randall. 2009. Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Converse, Philip. E. 1964. “The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics.” In Ideology and Discontent, edited by Apter, David, pp. 206–61. London: Free Press of Glencoe.
Converse, Philip. E. 1975. “Public Opinion and Voting Behavior.” In Handbook of Political Science, Volume IV, edited by Greenstein, Fred I. and Polsby, Nelson W., pp. 75169. Reading: Addison-Wesley.
Cook, Timothy E. 1998. Governing the News: The News Media as a Political Institution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cook, Timothy E., and Gronke, Paul. 2001. “Dimensions of Trust: Is Public Confidence in the Media Distinct from other Institutions?” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Coppet, Laura de, and Jones, Alan. 2002. The Art Dealers: The Powers behind the Scenes Tell How the Art World Really Works. New York: Cooper Square Press.
Corbin, Alain. 1982. Le miasme et la jonquille: L'odorat et l'imaginaire social, XVIIIe–XIXe siècles. Paris: Aubier Montaigne.
Coser, Lewis. 1974. Greedy Institutions: Patterns of Undivided Commitment. New York: Free Press.
Council for Excellence in Government and the Center for Media and Public Affairs. 2003. Government: In and Out of the News. Washington, DC: Author.
Cowen, Tyler. 2002. What Price Fame? Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Craveri, Benedetta. 2005. The Age of Conversation. New York: New York Review of Books.
Croft-Cooke, Rupert. 1967. Feasting with Panthers: A New Consideration of Some Late Victorian Writers. London: W. H. Allen.
Croft-Cooke, Rupert. 1972. The Unrecorded Life of Oscar Wilde. London: W. H. Allen.
Crone, Rosalind. 2012. Violent Victorians: Popular Entertainment in Nineteenth-Century London. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Dahl, Robert. 1961. Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dahl, Robert. 2010. The Pseudodemocratization of the American Presidency (The Tanner Lectures on Human Values delivered at Harvard University, April 11 and 12, 1988). Acend.
Dahlgren, Peter. 1995. Television and the Public Sphere: Citizenship, Democracy and the Media. London: Sage Publications.
Darnton, Robert. 1984. Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History. New York: Basic Books.
Darnton, Robert. 1995. Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France. New York: Norton.
Davison, W. Phillips. 1983. “The Third-Person Effect in Communication.” Public Opinion Quarterly 47: 115.
Dayan, Daniel, and Katz, Elihu. 1992. Media Events: The Live Broadcasting of History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Debord, Guy. 1994. Society of the Spectacle. New York: Zone.
D'Emilio, John, and Freedman, Estelle B.. 1988. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Derrida, Jacques. 1967. De la grammatologie. Paris: Éditions de Minuit.
Dewey, John Dewey. 1946. The Public and Its Problem: An Essay in Political Inquiry. Chicago: Gateway Books.
DiMaggio, Paul, Evans, John, and Bryson, Bethany. 1996. “Have Americans’ Social Attitudes Become More Polarized?” American Journal of Sociology 102: 690755.
DiMaggio, Paul, and Powell, Walter. 1983. “Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields.” American Sociological Review 48 (2): 147–60.
Disraeli, Benjamin. 2015. Tancred: Or, the New Crusade. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Douglas, Mary. 1966. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo. New York: Praeger.
Drew, Elizabeth. 2006. “Power Grab.” New York Review of Books 53 (11): 1015.
Dumont, Louis. 1980. Homo Hierarchicus: The Caste System and Its Implications. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. 1933. The Inner Quarters: Marriage and the Lives of Chinese Women in the Sung Period. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Edwards, George C., III. 1996. “Frustration and Folly: Bill Clinton and the Public Presidency.” In The Clinton Presidency: First Appraisals, edited by Campbell, Colin and Rockman, Bert A., pp. 234–61. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Edwards, George C., III. 2003. On Deaf Ears: The Limits of the Bully Pulpit. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. 2012. The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Eley, Geoff. 1992. “Nations, Publics, and Political Cultures: Placing Habermas in the Nineteenth Century.” In Habermas and the Public Sphere, edited by Calhoun, Craig, pp. 289339. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Eley, Geoff. 2013. Nazism as Fascism: Violence, Ideology, and the Ground of Consent in Germany 1930–1945. London: Routledge.
Elias, Norbert. 1978. The History of Manners. New York: Pantheon.
Elias, Norbert. 1982. Power and Civility. New York: Pantheon.
Elias, Norbert. 1983. Court Society. New York: Pantheon.
Elias, Norbert, and Dunning, Eric. 1994. Quest for Excitement: Sport and Leisure in the Civilizing Process. London: Blackwell.
Eliasoph, Nina. 1998. Avoiding Politics: How Americans Produce Apathy in Everyday Life. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Eliot, T. S. 1968. Four Quartets. Mariner Books.
Eliot, T. S. 1989. Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F. H. Bradley. New York: Columbia University Press.
Ellis, Havelock. 1912. The Task of Social Hygiene. London: Constable.
Ellison, Ralph. 1995. Invisible Man. New York: Vintage Books.
Ellmann, Richard. 1988. Oscar Wilde. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Elon, Amos. 2003. The Pity of It All: A Portrait of the German-Jewish Epoch, 1743–1933. New York: Picador.
Elshtain, Jean Bethke. 1981. Public Man, Private Woman. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Elster, Jon. 1981. Snobs. London Review of Books 3 (20): 1012.
Elster, Jon. 1986. “The Market and the Forum.” In Foundations of Social Choice Theory, edited by Elster, J. and Hylland, A., pp. 103–32. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Elster, Jon. 1989. Social Norms: A Study in Social Order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Elster, Jon. 1995. “Strategic Uses of Argument.” In Barriers to Conflict Resolution, edited by Arrow, Kenneth J. et al, pp. 236–57. New York: Norton.
Elster, Jon. 1998. “Deliberation and Constitution Making.” In Deliberative Democracy, edited by Elster, J., pp. 97122. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Emirbayer, Mustafa, and Sheller, Mimi. 1999. “Publics in History.” Theory and Society 28 (1): 14597.
Ermakoff, Ivan. 2008. Ruling Oneself Out: A Theory of Collective Abdications. Durham: Duke University Press.
Evans, E. C. 1917. A History of the Australian Ballot in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1917
Fanon, Frantz. 2008. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press.
Farge, Arlette. 1992. Dire et mal dire, l'opinion publique au XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Seuil.
Farge, Arlette, and Foucault, Michel. 1982. Le désordre des familles: Lettres de cachet des Archives de la Bastille. Paris: Gallimard.
Feldman, Shelley, and McCarthy, Florence. 1983. “Purdah and Changing Patterns of Women in Bangladesh.” Journal of Marriage and Family 45(4): 949–59.
Ferree, Myra Marx, Gamson, William A., Gerhards, Jürgen, and Rucht, Dieter. 2002. Shaping Abortion Discourse: Democracy and the Public Sphere in Germany and the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press,
Feuerbach, Ludwig. 2008. Essence of Christianity. Dover Books.
Findlay, Michael. 2014. The Value of Art. New York: Prestel.
Finley, Moses. 1983. Politics in the Ancient World. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fisher, Claude S. 1981. “The Public and Private Worlds of City Life.” American Sociological Review 46: 306–16.
Florida, Richard. 2004. Cities and the Creative Class. London: Routledge.
Ford, Clellan, and Beach, Frank. 1951. Patterns of Sexual Behavior. New York: Harper.
Foucault, Michel. 1979. Discipline and Punish. New York: Vintage Books.
Foucault, Michel. 1980. History of Sexuality. New York: Vintage Books.
Foucault, Michel. 2006. History of Madness. London: Routledge.
Fournel, Victor. 1867. Ce qu'on voit dans les rues de Paris. Paris.
Fox, Richard Wightman. 1999. Trials of Intimacy: Love and Loss in the Beecher-Tilton Scandal. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fraser, Nancy. 1992. “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy.” In Habermas and the Public Sphere, edited by Calhoun, Craig, pp. 109–42. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Frazer, James George. 1994. The Golden Bough. A New Abridgement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Freeland, Robert, and Zuckerman, Ezra. 2014. “The Problems and Promise of Hierarchy: Voice Rights and the Firm.” Unpublished manuscript. University of Wisconsin and the MIT Sloan School of Management.
Freeman, James M. 1980. Untouchable: An Indian Life History. New York: Allen Unwin
Fried, Michael. 1998. Art and Objecthood. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Friedlaender, Saul. 1997. Nazi Germany and the Jews, Vol. I. New York: HarperCollins.
Friedman, Lawrence M. 1993. Crime and Punishment in American History. New York: Basic Books.
Friedman, Lawrence M. 2007. Guarding Life's Dark Secrets: Legal and Social Controls over Reputation, Propriety, and Privacy. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Friedman, Lawrence M. 2015. The Big Trial: Law as Public Spectacle. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.
Gambetta, Diego. 1993. Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Gamson, Joshua. 1994. Claims to Fame. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Garment, Suzanne. 1991. Scandal: The Culture of Mistrust in America. New York: Random House.
Gatrell, V. A. C. 1994. The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People, 1770–1868. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gauchet, Marcel, and Swan, Gladys. 1980. La pratique de l'esprit humain: L'institution asilaire et la révolution démocratique. Paris: Gallimard.
Gavison, Ruth. 1998. “Incitement and the Limits of the Law.” In Censorship and Silencing: Practices of Cultural Regulation, edited by Post, Robert C., pp. 4365. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities.
Gawthorne-Hardy, Jonathan. 1979. The Public Schools Phenomenon, 1597–1977. London: Penguin.
Geanakoplos, John. 1992. “Common Knowledge.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 6 (4): 5382.
Geertz, Clifford. 1977. The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
Geertz, Clifford. 1980. Negara: The Theater State in Nineteenth-Century Bali. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Gilbert, Arthur N. 1977. “Buggery and the British Navy, 1700–1861.” Journal of Social History 10: 7298.
Gilman, Sander. 1993. The Jew's Body. London: Routledge.
Girard, René. 1961. Mensonge romantique et vérité romanesque. Paris: Grasset.
Gitlin, Todd. 2002. Media Unlimited: How the Torrent of Images and Sounds Overwhelms Our Lives. New York: Picador.
Gitlin, Todd. 1981. The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making & Unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Glazer, Nathan, and Lilla, Mark, eds. 1987. The Public Face of Architecture: Civic Culture and Public Spaces. New York: Free Press.
Gluckman, Max. 1963. “Gossip and Scandal.” Current Anthropology 4: 307–16.
Goffman, Erving. 1959. Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Anchor Books.
Goffman, Erving. 1963a. Behavior in Public Places: Notes on the Social Organization of Gatherings. New York: Free Press.
Goffman, Erving. 1963b. Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Göle, Nilüfer. 1997. Forbidden Modern: Veiling and Civilization. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Göle, Nilüfer. 2015. Islam and Secularity: The Future of Europe's Public Sphere. Durham: Duke University Press.
Goody, Jack. 1977. The Domestication of the Savage Mind. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Gormley, Ken. 1999. “Impeachment and the Independent Counsel: A Dysfunctional Union.” Stanford Law Review 51 (2) 309–55.
Goulemot, Jean Marie. 1989. “Literary Practices: Publicizing the Private.” In A History of Private Life, Volume III: Passions of the Renaissance, edited by Chartier, Roger, pp. 363–96. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Grace-Heller, Sarah. 2004. “Sumptuary Laws and the Roman de la Rose.” French Historical Studies 27 (2): 311–48.
Granovetter, Mark. 1973. “Strength of Weak Ties.” American Journal of Sociology 78 (6): 1360–80.
Granovetter, Mark. 1978. “Threshold Models of Collective Behavior.” American Journal of Sociology 83 (6): 1420–43.
Greenberg, David. 2016. The Republic of Spin: An Inside History of the American Presidency. New York: Norton.
Greenberg, David F. 1988. The Construction of Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Greene, Jeffrey. 2010. The Eyes of the People: Democracy in an Age of Spectatorship. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gregorovius, Ferdinand. 1948. The Ghetto and the Jews of Rome. New York: Schocken Books.
Griffiths, Richard. 1991. The Use of Abuse: The Polemics of the Dreyfus Affair and Its Aftermath. Oxford: Berg.
Grosskurth, Phyllis. 1964. John Addington Symonds. London: Longman.
Grossman, Michael, and Kumar, Martha. 1981. Portraying the President: The White House and the News Media. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Gueniffey, Patrick. 1993. Le nombre et la raison: La Révolution française et les élections. Paris: École de Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales.
Guidry, John A., Kennedy, Michael D., and Zald, Mayer N.. 2000. Globalizations and Social Movements: Culture, Power, and the Transnational Public Sphere. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Gurstein, Rochelle. 1998. Repeal of Reticence. New York: Hill and Wang.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1989. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1996. Between Facts and Norms: Contribution to a Discourse Theory of Law and Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Habermas, Jürgen. 1997. “The Public Sphere.” In Contemporary Political Philosophy, edited by Goodin, Robert E. and Petit, Philip, pp. 105–8. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hall, Edward T. 1966. The Hidden Dimension. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.
Hallin, Daniel. 1989. The “Uncensored War”: The Media and Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hamermesh, Daniel, and Parker, Amy M.. 2003, July. “Beauty in the Classroom: Professors’ Pulchritude and Putative and Pedagogical Productivity.” NBER Working Paper No. 9853.
Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James, and Jay, John. 2014. The Federalist Papers. New York: Dover Publications.
Hamilton, Sir Edward. 1986. The Destruction of Lord Rosebery: From the Diary of Sir Edward Hamilton 1894–1895. London: Historians Press.
Hampson, Norman. 1988. Prelude to Terror. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Harcourt, Bernard. 2015. Exposed: Desire and Disobedience in the Digital Age. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Harris, Frank. 1916. Oscar Wilde. East Lansing: Michigan University Press.
Harvey, A. D. 1978. “Prosecutions for Sodomy in England at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century.” Historical Journal 21: 939–48.
Harvey, Anna and Mukherjee, Bumba. 2006. “Electoral Institutions and the Evolution of Partisan Conventions, 1880–1940.” American Politics Research 34: 368–98.
Healy, Kieran. 2017. “Public Sociology in the Age of Social Media.” Perspectives on Politics.
Healy, Timothy Michael. 1928. Letters and Leaders of My Day. London: T. Butterworth.
Heckelman, Jac. 1995. “The Effect of Secret Ballot on Voter Turnout Rates.” Public Choice 82: 107–24.
Heclo, Hugh. 1996, June. “Presidential Power and Public Prestige: A ‘Snarly Sort of Politics.’” Paper presented at the Presidential Power Revisited Conference. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Smithsonian Institute.
Hegel, G. W. F. 1977. Phenomenology of the Spirit. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hersh, Eitan. 2012. “Primary Voters versus Caucus Goers and the Peripheral Motivations of Political Participation.” Political Behavior 34: 689718.
Hersh, Seymour M. 1997. The Dark Side of Camelot. New York: Little, Brown & Company.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1982. Shifting Involvements: Private Interest and Public Action. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hobbes, Thomas. 1981. Leviathan. London: Penguin.
Hohendahl, Peter Uwe, and Silberman, Marc. 1979. “Critical Theory, Public Sphere and Culture: Jurgen Habermas and His Critics.” New German Critique 16: 89118.
Homer, . 2000. Odyssey. Indianapolis: Hackett.
Honneth, Axel. 1996. Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hoynes, William. 1994. Public Television for Sale: Media, the Market, and the Public Sphere. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Hughes, Robert. 1981. The Shock of the New. New York: Knopf.
Huizinga, Johan. 1954. The Waning of the Middle Ages. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
Huizinga, Johan. 1955. Home Ludens: A Study of the Play Element in Culture. Boston: Beacon Press.
Huntington, Samuel. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Hyde, Montgomery H. 1970. The Other Love. London: Heinemann.
Hyde, Montgomery H. 1976. The Cleveland Street Scandal. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan.
Ikegami, Eiko. 2005. Bonds of Civility: Aesthetic Networks and the Political Origins of Japanese Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Irwin, Robert. 2006. Dangerous Knowledge: Orientalism and Its Discontents. New York: Overlook Press.
Jackson, Louise A. 1999. Child Sexual Abuse in Victorian England. London: Routledge.
Jacobs, Jane. 1992. The Life and Death of Great American Cities. New York: Random House.
Jakobson, Roman. 1995. On Language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Johnson, Charles A. 2001. Independent Counsel: The Law and the Investigations. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Jonas, Hans. 1966. The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology. New York: Harper & Row.
Jousse, Daniel. 1771. Traité de la justice criminelle, vol 2. Paris: Debure.
Julius, Alexander. 2003. Transgressions: The Offenses of Art. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kant, Immanuel. 1965. Critique of Pure Reason. New York: Saint Martin's Press.
Kant, Immanuel. 1978. Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Kant, Immanuel. 1991. Political Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. 1977. “Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women.” American Journal of Sociology 82 (5): 965–90.
Kantorowicz, Ernst H. 1957. The King's Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Katz, Daniel, and Allport, Floyd H.. 1931. Student Attitudes. Syracuse, NY: Craftsman.
Katz, Jack. 2001. How Emotions Work. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Katz, Jacob. 1961. Exclusiveness and Tolerance: Studies in Jewish-Gentile Relations in Medieval & Modern Times. London: Oxford University Press.
Kaufman, Jason. 2002. For the Common Good? American Civic Life and the Golden Age of Fraternity. New York: Oxford University Press.
Keller, Helen. 2010. The Story of My Life. New York: Signet.
Kendrick, Walter. 1987. The Secret Museum: Pornography in Modern Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kennedy, Randall. 2003. Nigger: The Strange Career of a Troublesome Word, New York: Vintage.
Kernell, Samuell. 1997. Going Public: New Strategies of Presidential Leadership. Washington: CQ Press.
Klapper, Joseph T. 1960. The Effects of Mass Communications. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Knight, Frank K. 1933. The Dilemma of Liberalism. Ann Arbor: Edwards Brothers.
Kohn, Margaret. 2008. “Homo Spectator: Public Space in the Age of the Spectacle.” Philosophy and Social Criticism 34: 467–87.
Koopmans, Ruud. 2004. “Movements and Media: Selection Processes and Evolutionary Dynamics in the Public Sphere.” Theory and Society 33: 367–91.
Koselleck, Reinhard. 1988. Critique and Crisis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kundera, Milan. 1984. “In Defense of Intimacy: An Interview with Philip Roth.” Village Voice, June 26, 4244.
Kundera, Milan. 1993. Les testaments trahis. Paris: Gallimard.
Kundera, Milan. 1999. Identity. New York: Harper Perennial.
Kunstler, James Howard. 1994. The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America's Man-Made Landscape. New York: Free Press.
Kuran, Timur
Kurtz, Howard. 1998. Spin Cycle: Inside the Clinton Propaganda Machine. New York: Free Press.
Kuru, Ahmet. 2008. “Secularism, State Policies, and Muslims in Europe: Analyzing French Exceptionalism.” Comparative Politics 41 (1): 119.
La Bruyère, Jean de. 1880. Caractères. Paris: Flammarion.
Laertius, Diogenes. 2014. The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers. Translated by Yonge, C. D.. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.
Laitin, David. 1995. “National Revivals and Violence.” Archives Européennes de Sociologie 6: 343.
Lakoff, George, and Johnson, Mark. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Landes, J. B. 1988. Women and the Public Sphere in the Age of the French Revolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Lang, Gladys, and Lang, Kurt. 1983. The Battle for Public Opinion: The President, the Press, and the Polls during Watergate. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lash, Christopher. 1979. Haven in a Heartless World: The Family Besieged. New York: Basic Books.
Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel. 1979. Carnival in Romans: Mayhem and Massacre in a French City. New York: George Braziller.
Leckie, Barbara. 1999. Culture and Adultery: The Novel, the Newspaper and the Law, 1857–1914. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Leff, Laurel. 2005. Buried by the Times: The Holocaust and America's Most Important Newspaper. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lesko, Barbara. 1987. “Women of Egypt and the Ancient Near East.” In Women: Becoming Visible: Women in European History, pp 4177. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Lévinas, Emmanuel. 1982. De l'évasion. Montpellier: Fata Morgana.
Levine, Lawrence. 1988. Highbrow/Lowbrow: The Emergence of Cultural Hierarchy in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lévi-Strauss, Claude. 1964. Le cru et le cuit. Paris: Plon.
Lewis, David. 1969. Convention: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lichter, Robert S., Richter, Linda S., and Rothman, Stanley. 1994. Prime Time: How TV Portrays American Culture. Lanham, MD: Regnery Publications.
Lichterman, Paul. 1999. “Talking Identity in the Public Sphere: Broad Visions and Small Spaces in Sexual Identity Politics.” Theory and Society 28: 101–41.
Lippmann, Walter. 1914. Drift and Mastery: An Attempt to Diagnose the Current Unrest. New York: Mitchel Kennerley.
Lippmann, Walter. 1922. “Public Opinion and the American Jew.” American Hebrew, April 14.
Lippmann, Walter. 1965. Public Opinion. New York: Free Press.
Lipset, Seymour, and Schneider, William. 1983. The Confidence Gap: Business, Labor, and Government in the Public Mind. New York: Free Press.
Lofland, Lyne H. 1985. A World of Strangers: Order and Action in Urban Public Space. New York: Basic Books.
Loftin, Craig M. 2007. “Unacceptable Mannerisms: Gender Anxieties, Homosexual Activism, and Swish in the United States, 1945–65.” Journal of Social History 40 (3): 577–96.
Lowi, Theodore. 1985. The Personal President: Power Invested, Promise Unfulfilled. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Lytton, Timothy D. 2008. Holding Bishops Accountable: How Lawsuits Helped the Catholic Church Confront Clergy Sexual Abuse. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Machiavelli, Niccolò. 2005. The Prince and the Discourses. Clayton: Prestwick House.
MacKinnon, Catherine A. 1987. Feminism Unmodified. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mahon, Alyce. 2005. Eroticism and Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1926. Crime and Custom in Savage Society. New York: Humanities Press.
Maltese, John Anthony. 1992. Spin Control: The White House Office of Communications and the Management of Presidential News. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Mandeville, Bernard. 1725. An Enquiry into the Causes of Frequent Executions at Tyburn. London: J. Roberts.
Mansbridge, Jane. 1983. Beyond Adversary Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Marcus, Steven. 1975. The Other Victorians: A Study of Sexuality and Pornography in Mid-Nineteenth-Century England. New York: Basic Books.
Marjoribanks, Edward. 1932. The Life of Lord Carson. London: Camelot Press.
Marmon, Shaun. 1995. Eunuchs and the Sacred Borders in Islamic Society. New York: Oxford University Press.
Marx, Gary. 1988. Undercover: Police Surveillance in America. Berkeley: University California Press.
Masur, Louis. 1989. Rites of Execution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Maxwell, Robert J. 1967. “Onstage and Offstage Sex: Exploring a Hypothesis.” Cornell Journal of Social Relations 1: 7588.
Mauss, Marcel. 2002. The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Society. London: Routledge.
Mayer, W. G. 1996. “Caucuses: How They Work, What Difference They Make.” In Pursuit of the White House: How We Choose our Presidential Nominees, edited by Mayer, W. G., pp. 105–57. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Mayhew, David. 2005. Divided We Govern: Party Control, Lawmaking, and Investigations, 1946–2002. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Maza, Sarah. 1993. Private Lives, Public Affairs: The Causes Célèbres of Prerevolutionary France. Berkeley: University of California Press.
McCook, J. J. 1892. “The Alarming Proportion of Venal Voters.” The Forum. 14: 113.
McGerr, Michael E. 1988. The Decline of Popular Politics: The American North, 1865– 1928. New York: Oxford University Press.
McLuhan, Marshall. 1962. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
McLuhan, Marshall. 1964. Understanding Media: Extensions of Man. New York: Signet.
McNally, Richard J. 2003. Remembering Trauma. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Mendelberg, Tali 2002. “The Deliberative Citizen: Theory and Evidence.” In Research in Micropolitics, Volume 6: Political Decision Making, Deliberation, and Participation, edited by Carpini, Michael X. Delli, Huddy, Leoni, and Shapiro, Robert Y., pp. 151–93. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Mendelsohn, Ezra. 1999. People of the City: Jews and the Urban Challenge. Studies in Contemporary Jews, Vol. 15. New York: Oxford University Press.
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice. 1960. L'oeil et l’esprit. Paris: Gallimard.
Mernissi, Fatima. 1975. Beyond the Veil. New York: Shenkman Press.
Merick, Jeffrey. 1998. “Commissionaire Foucault, Inspector Noël and the ‘Pederasts’ of Paris, 1780–1783.” Journal of Modern History 32: 287307.
Merton, Robert K. 1968: Social Theory and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.
Meyrowitz, Joshua. 1985. No Sense of Place: The Impact of Electronic Media on Social Behavior. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Michelet, Jules. 1847. Histoire de la Révolution française, Vol. III. Paris.
Milbraith, Lester W. 1965. Political Participation: How and Why Do People Get Involved in Politics. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Mill, John Stuart. 1838. On Bentham and Coleridge. New York: G. W. Stewart.
Mill, John Stuart. 1873. Thoughts on Parliamentary Reform. London: Cosimo Classics.
Mill, John Stuart. 1962. Considerations on Representative Government. South Bend, IN: Gateway
Mill, John Stuart. 1991. On Liberty. London: Cox and Wyman.
Miller, Arthur. 1991. “Confidentiality, Protective Orders, and Public Access to the Courts.” Harvard Law Review 105: 427502.
Molotch, Harvey. 2005. Where Stuff Comes From: How Toasters, Toilets, Cars, Computers, and Many Other Things Come to Be as They Are. London: Routledge.
Morris, Charles W. 1946. Signs, Language and Behavior. New York: Prentice-Hall.
Morstein-Marx, Robert. 2004. Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman Republic. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Mumford, Lewis. 1961. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
Mutz, Diana. 2006. Hearing the Other Side: Deliberative versus Participatory Democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nagel, Thomas. 1986. The View from Nowhere. New York: Oxford University Press.
Naurin, Daniel. 2008. Deliberation Behind Closed Doors: Transparency and Lobbying in the European Union. Colchester, UK: European Consortium for Political Research Press.
Nead, Lynda. 2000. Victorian Babylon; People, Streets and Images in Nineteenth Century London. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Negt, Oskar, and Kluge, Alexander. 1993. The Public Sphere and Experience: Toward an Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletariat Public Sphere. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Neuman, W. Russell. 1986. The Paradox of Mass Politics: Knowledge and Opinion in the American Electorate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Neustadt, Richard. 1997. “The Politics of Mistrust.” In Why People Don't Trust Government, edited by Nye, Joseph S., Zelikow, Philip D., and King, David C., pp. 79202. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Nietzsche, Frederich. 1967. The Birth of Tragedy. New York: Vintage.
Nietzsche, Frederich. 1974. Gay Science. New York: Random House.
Nietzsche, Frederich. 1989. On the Genealogy of Morals and Ecce Homo. New York: Vintage.
Nightingale, Andrea Wilson. 2004. Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria in Its Cultural Context. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Niven, David. 1975. Bring on the Empty Horses. New York: Hodder.
Nock, Steven L. 1993. The Costs of Privacy: Surveillance and Reputation in America. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
Nye, Joseph S, Zelikow, Philip D., and King, David C., eds. 1997. Why People Don't Trust Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ober, Josiah. 1996. The Athenian Democracy: Essays on Ancient Greek Democracy and Political Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ober, Josiah. 1989. Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens; Rhetoric, Ideology, and the Power of the People. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Oliver, Pamela E., and Myers, Daniel J.. 1999. “How Events Enter the Public Sphere: Conflict, Location, and Sponsorship in Local Newspaper Coverage of Public Events.” American Journal of Sociology 105: 3887.
O'Neill, Thomas, Jr. with Novak, William. 1987. Man of the House: The Life and Political Memoires of Speaker Tip O'Neill. New York: Random House.
Ong, Walter. 1967. The Presence of the Word. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Orgel, Stephen. 1975. The Illusion of Power: Political Theater in the English Renaissance. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Park, Robert. 1972. The Crowd and the Public and Other Essays. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Parker, Glenn R., and Parker, Suzanne L.. 1998. “The Economic Organization of Legislatures and How It Affects Congressional Voting.” Public Choice 95: 117–29.
Parry-Jones, William Llywelyn. 1971. The Trade in Lunacy: A Study of Private Madhouses in England in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Pastner, Carrol. 1974. “Accommodation to Purdah: The Female Perspective.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 36: 408–14.
Pateman, Carol. 1983. “Feminist Critiques of Public/Private Dichotomy.” In Public and Private Social Life, edited by Benn, Stanley and Gauss, Gerald, pp. 327. London: Croom Helm.
Patterson, Orlando. 1985. Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Patterson, Thomas E. 1994. Out of Order. New York: Vintage.
Peirce, Charles. 1931. Collected Papers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Peirce, Charles. 1940. The Philosophical Writings of Peirce. New York: Dover Publications.
Plato, . 1986. Gorgias. Indianapolis: Hackett Press.
Poliakov, Léon. 1974: The History of Anti-Semitism, Volume I: From the Time of Christ to the Court Jews. New York: Schocken Books.
Poliakov, Léon. 2003a. The History of Anti-Semitism, Volume II: From Mohammed to the Marranos. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Poliakov, Léon. 2003b. The History of Anti-Semitism, Volume III: From Voltaire to Wagner. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Poliakov, Léon. 2003c. The History of Anti-Semitism, Volume IV: Suicidal Europe, 1879–1933. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Popkin, Jeremy. 1989. “Pamphlet Journalism at the End of the Old Regime.” Eighteenth Century Studies 22: 351–67.
Posner, Richard. 1981. The Economics of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Posner, Richard. 1999. An Affair of State: The Investigation, Trial, and Impeachment of President Clinton. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Posner, Richard. 2001. “The Speech Market and the Legacy of Schenck.” In Eternally Vigilant: Free Speech in the Modern Era, edited by Bollinger, Lee C. and Stone, Geoffrey R., pp. 120–51. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Posner, Richard. 2003. Law, Pragmatism, and Democracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Posner, Richard. 2006. Not a Suicide Pact: The Constitution in a Time of National Emergency. New York: Oxford University Press.
Prior, Markus. 2007. Post-Broadcast Democracy: How Media Choice Increases Inequality in Political Involvement and Polarizes Elections. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Prosser, William L. 1988. “Defamation.” In Prosser and Keeton on the Law of Torts, edited by Prosser, William Lloyd and Keeton, W. Page, pp. 771849. St. Paul, MN: West Group.
Proust, Marcel. 1998. In Search of Lost Time, Volume II: Within A Budding Grove. New York: Modern Library Classics.
Putnam, Robert. 2001. Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Queensberry, Marquess of. 1949. Oscar Wilde and Black Douglas. London: Hutchinson.
Quéré, Louis. 1992. “L'espace public: De la théorie politique à la métathéorie sociologique.” Quaderni. 18: 7592.
Radzinowicz, Leon. 1968. A History of English Criminal Law, Volume IV: Grappling for Control. London: Stevens.
Rancière, Jacques. 2009. Emancipated Spectator. London: Verso.
Ragsdale, Lyn. 1997. “Disconnected Politics: Public Opinion and Presidents.” In Understanding Public Opinion, edited by Norrander, Barbara and Willcox, Clyde, pp. 229–51. Washington, DC: CQ Press,
Ragsdale, Lyn. 1998. Vital Statistics on the Presidency: Washington to Clinton. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Revel, Jacques. 1989. “The Uses of Civility.” In A History of Private Life, Volume III: Passions of the Renaissance, edited by Chartier, Roger, pp. 167205. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Rey, Michel. 1982. “Police et Sodomie à Paris au XVIIIe siècle. Du pêché au désordre.” Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine 29: 113–24.
Riesman, David. 1942. “Democracy and Defamation: Control of Group Libel.” Columbia Law Review 42: 72780.
Robbins, Bruce, ed. 1993. The Phantom Public Sphere. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Roberts, Alasdair. 2006. Blacked Out: Government Secrecy in the Information Age. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 1959. Confessions. Paris: Gallimard.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 1979. Emile or On Education. New York: Basic Books.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. 2004. Letter to D'Alembert and Writings for the Theater. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.
Rozell, Mark J. 2002. Executive Privilege: Presidential Power, Secrecy, and Accountability. Kansas City: University Press of Kansas.
Rozenblit, Marsha. 1983. The Jews of Vienna, 1867–1914: Assimilation and Identity. Albany: State University of New York Press.
Runciman, Steven. 1952. “Christian Constantinople.” In Golden Age of the Great Cities, pp. 5681. London: Thames and Hudson.
Ryan, Mary P. 1990. Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1825–1880. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Sabato, Larry. 2000. Feeding Frenzy: How Attack Journalism Has Transformed American Politics. Baltimore: Lanahan Publishers.
Said, Edward. 1979. Orientalism. New York: Vintage.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. 1947. Baudelaire. Paris: Gallimard.
Sartre, Jean-Paul. 1972. Plaidoyer pour les intellectuels. Paris: Gallimard.
Schickel, Richard. 1985. Intimate Strangers: The Culture of Celebrity. New York: Doubleday.
Schlesinger, Arthur. 2004. The Imperial Presidency. Boston: Mariner Books.
Schoeman, Ferdinand. 1992. Privacy and Social Freedom. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Schmidt, Carl. 2007. The Concept of the Political. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Schudson, Michael. 1998. The Good Citizen: A History of American Civic Life. New York: Free Press.
Schudson, Michael. 2006. “Varieties of Civic Experience.” Citizenship Studies 10 (5): 591606.
Schudson, Michael. 2015. The Rise of the Right to Know: Politics and the Culture of Transparency, 1945–1975. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1942. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Scott, C. James. 1990. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Scruton, Roger. 1987. “Public Space and the Classical Vernacular.” In The Public Face of Architecture: Civic Culture and Public Spaces, edited by Glazer, Nathan and Lilla, Mark, pp. 1325. New York: Free Press.
Searle, John. 1984. Expression and Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sen, Armatya K. 1967. “Isolation, Assurance, and the Social Rate of Discount.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 81: 112–24.
Sennett, Richard. 1977. The Fall of Public Man. New York: Knopf.
Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization. New York: Norton.
Sennett, Richard. 2011. The Foreigner: Two Essays on Exile. London: Notting Hill Editions.
Sewell, William H. 1992. “A Theory of Structure: Duality, Agency, and Transformation.” American Journal of Sociology 98 (1): 129.
Sewell, William H. 1996. “Historical Events as Transformations of Structures: Inventing Revolution at the Bastille.” Theory and Society 25 (6): 841–81.
Shaya, Gregory. 2004. “The Flâneur, the Badaud, and the Making of a Mass Public in France, circa 1860–1910.” American Historical Review 109 (1): 4177.
Shuger, Debora. 1998. “Civility and Censorship in Early Modern Europe.” In Censorship and Silencing: Practices of Cultural Regulation, edited by Post, Robert C., pp. 89110. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities.
Silverstein, Michael. 2003. Talking Politics: The Substance of Style from Abe to “W.” Chicago: Prickly Paradigm Press.
Simmel, Georg. 1969. “Sociology of the Sense: Visual Interaction.” In Introduction to the Science of Sociology, edited by Park, Robert E. and Burgess, Ernest W., pp. 356–60. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Simmel, Georg. 1972. On Individuality and Social Forms. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Sjoberg, Gideon. 1960. Preindustrial City. New York: Free Press.
Skocpol, Theda. 2003. Diminished Democracy: From Membership to Management in American Civic Life. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2003.
Skocpol, Theda, Ganz, M., and Munson, Z.. 2000. “A Nation of Organizers: The Institutional Origins of Civic Voluntarism in the United States.” American Political Science Review 94 (3): 527–46.
Smith, Adam. 1976. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Smith, Adam. 2011. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Seattle, WA: Gutenberg Publishers.
Smith, Philip. 2008. Punishment and Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Smith, Steven. 1989. Call to Order: Floor Politics in the House and Senate. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Somers, Margaret R. 1993. “Citizenship and the Place of the Public Sphere: Law, Community, and Political Culture in the Transition to Democracy.” American Sociological Review 58: 587620.
Somin, Ilya. 2004. “When Ignorance Isn't Bliss: How Political Ignorance Threatens Democracy.” Policy Analysis 525: 127.
Soysal, Yasemin Nuhoglu. 1997. “Changing Parameters of Citizenship and Claims- Making: Organized Islam in European Public Spheres.” Theory and Society 26: 509–27.
Sparks, Jared. 2010. The Life of Gouverneur. Charleston, SC: Nabu Press.
Spierenburg, Pieter. 1984. The Spectacle of Suffering. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Spierenburg, Pieter. 1991. Broken Spell: A Cultural and Anthropological History of Preindustrial Europe. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Stamatov, Peter. 2000. “The Making of a ‘Bad’ Public: Ethnonational Mobilization in Post-Communist Bulgaria.” Theory and Society 29: 549–72.
Starobinski, Jean. 1976. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: La transparence et l'obstacle. Paris: Gallimard.
Starr, Paul. 2004. The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications. New York: Basic Books.
Starr, Paul. 2012. “An Unexpected Crisis: The News Media in Post-Industrial Democracies.” International Journal of Press/Politics. 17: 234–42.
Stasavage, David, 2004.” Open-Door or Closed-Door? Transparency in Domestic and International Bargaining.” International Organization 58(4): 667704.
Steel, Ronald. 1980. Walter Lippmann and the American Century. New York: Little Brown & Co.
Steiner, Franz. 1956. Taboo. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Steiner, Jurg, Bächtiger, André, Spörndli, Markus, and Steenbergen, Marco R. 2004. Deliberative Politics in Action: Analyzing Parliamentary Discourse. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Steiner, Wendy. 1997. Scandal of Pleasure: Art in an Age of Fundamentalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Stephanopoulos, George. 1999. All Too Human: A Political Education. Boston: Little Brown.
Stillman, Sarah. 2016. “The List.” New Yorker, March 14.
Stone, Geoffrey. 2004. Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime from the Sedition Act of 1798 to the War on Terrorism. New York: W. W. Norton.
Strang, David, and Macy, Michael W.. 2001. “In Search of Excellence: Fads, Success Stories, and Adaptive Emulation.” American Journal of Sociology 107 (1): 147–82.
Summers, John. 2000. “What Happened to Sex Scandals? Politics and Peccadilloes, Jefferson to Kennedy.” Journal of American History 87: 825854.
Sunstein, Cass. 1995. Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech. New York: Free Press.
Sunstein, Cass. 2001. Republic.com. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Swidler, Ann. 2001. Talk of Love: How Culture Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Taeger, Angela. 2000. “Du péché à la peccadille; la sodomie et la rationalisation des mœurs en France et au XVIIIe siècle. Du sexuel à la sexualité.” Francia 27 (2): 103–18.
Tarrow, Sidney. 1998. “The Very Excess of Democracy: State Building and Contentious Politics in America.” In Social Movements and American Political Institutions, edited by Costain, Anne and McFarland, Andrew, pp. 2038. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Taylor, Charles. 1995. Philosophical Arguments. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Taylor, Shelley, and Fiske, Susan. 1976. “The Token in the Small Group: Research, Findings and Theoretical Implications.” In Psychology and Politics: Collected Papers, edited by Sweeney, J.. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Terrot, Charles. 1979. The Maiden Tribute. London: Frederick Muller.
Tetlock, Philip E. 2005. Expert Political Judgment. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Thompson, Denis F. 1999. “Democratic Secrecy.” Political Science Quarterly 114 (2): 181–93.
Thompson, Don. 2010. The $12 Million Stuffed Shark: The Curious Economics of Contemporary Art. New York: St. Martin's Griffin.
Thompson, John. 2000. Political Scandal: Power and Visibility in the Media Age. Cambridge: Polity.
Thucydides, . 2013. The History of the Peloponnesian War. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Forum.
Tilly, Charles. 1992, April. “Civil Society and Revolutions.” Paper delivered at Conference on Civil Society, New School for Social Research.
Toobin, Jeffrey. 1997. The Run of His Life: The People v. O. J. Simpson. New York: Touchstone Books.
Tullis, Jeffrey. 1988. The Rhetorical Presidency. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Turco, Catherine, and Zuckerman, Ezra. 2014. “So You Think You Can Dance: Lessons from the U.S. Private Equity Bubble.” Sociological Science 1: 81101.
Twain, Mark. 1907. Complete Works of Mark Twain. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Updike, John. 1996. Rabbit at Rest. New York: Random House.
Vacano, Diego von. 2007. Art of Power: Machiavelli, Nietzsche, and the Making of Aesthetic Political Theory. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Vacano, Diego von. 2015. “The Scope of Comparative Political Theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 18: 465–80.
Veeder, Van Vechten. 1903. “The History and Theory of the Law of Defamation.” Columbia Law Review. 3: 546–73.
Veyne, Paul. 1987. “The Roman Empire.” In A History of Private Life, Volume I: From Pagan Rome to Byzantium, edited by Veyne, Paul, pp. 5235. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Vincent, David. 1998. The Culture of Secrecy: Britain, 1832–1998. New York: Oxford University Press.
Voltaire. 1878. Œuvres complètes de Voltaire. Volume 17. Paris.
Voltaire. 2009. Works of Voltaire. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Walker, Samuel. 1994. Hate Speech: The History of an American Controversy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Walzer, Michael. 2002. Company of Critics: Social Criticism and Political Commitment in the Twentieth Century. New York: Basic Books.
Warner, Michael. 1990. Letters of the Republic: Publication and Public Sphere in Eighteenth-Century America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Warriner, Charles K. 1958. “The Nature and Functions of Official Morality.” American Journal of Sociology 64:165–68.
Waterman, Willoughby Cyrus. 1932. Prostitution and its Repression in New York City 1900–1931. New York: Columbia University Press.
Weber, Max. 1952. Ancient Judaism. Glencoe: IL: Free Press.
Weintraub, Jeff. 1997. “The Theory and Politics of the Public/Private Distinction.” In Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy, edited by Weintraub, Jeff and Kumar, K., pp. 142. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Westin, Alan. 1967. Privacy and Freedom. New York: Atheneum.
Whitfield, Stephen. 1996. American Space, Jewish Time: Essays in Modern Culture and Politics. London: Routledge.
White, Edmund. 2009. City Boy: My Life in New York during the 1960s and ‘70s. New York: Bloomsbury.
Wilde, Oscar. (defendant) (1911) 1928. Three Times Tried (Account of the trial in a libel action brought against Lord Queensberry in the Marlborough Street Police Court, London, and the trials of Oscar Wilde and Alfred Taylor held in the Central Criminal Court of London.). Paris. Private Print.
Wilde, Oscar. 1966. The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde. London: Collins.
Wilson, Woodrow, 1956. Congressional Government. New York: Meridian.
Wirth, Louis. 1928. The Ghetto. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig. 1973. Philosophical Investigations. New York: Pearson.
Wolfe, Alan. 1997. “Public and Private in Theory and Practice: Some Implications of an Uncertain Boundary.” In Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy, edited by Weintraub, J. and Kumar, K., pp. 182203. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wolfe, Alan. 1998. One Nation after All: What Middle-Class Americans Really Think about, God, Country, Family, Racism, Welfare, Immigration, Homosexuality, Work, the Right, the Left, and Each Other. New York: Viking.
Wolfe, Alan. 2007. “Social Skills: The Civil Sphere.” New Republic, April 23, 5660.
Woodward, Bob. 2005. The Secret Man: The Story of Watergate's Deep Throat. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Young, Michael. 2003. “Before the Shooting Started: Civic Engagement and Culture War in Tocqueville's America.” Unpublished manuscript.
Zaller, John R. 1992. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Zaret, David. 2000. Origins of Democratic Culture: Printing, Petitions, and the Public Sphere in Early-Modern England. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zelizer, Julian. 2004. On Capitol Hill: The Struggle to Reform Congress and Its Consequences, 1948–2000. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Zelizer, Viviana. 2007. Purchase of Intimacy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zerubavel, Eviatar. 2006. The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life. New York: Oxford University Press.