Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Cited by 243
Cambridge University Press
Online publication date:
June 2012
Print publication year:
Online ISBN:

Book description

Close to three hundred stores and supermarkets were looted during week-long food riots in Argentina in December 2001. Thirty-four people were reported dead and hundreds were injured. Among the looting crowds, activists from the Peronist party (the main political party in the country) were quite prominent. During the lootings, police officers were conspicuously absent - particularly when small stores were sacked. Through a combination of archival research, statistical analysis, multi-sited fieldwork, and taking heed of the perspective of contentious politics, this book provides an analytic description of the origins, course, meanings, and outcomes of the December 2001 wave of lootings in Argentina.


Winner of the 2008 American Sociological Association Best Book Award in the Political Sociology Section


"This fascinating study of the Argentine food riots of December 2001 that brought down an elected president makes an important contribution to our understanding of contentious politics and to socio-political life more generally through its illumination of the understudied ‘grey zone’ where clandestine connections blur distinctions between everyday life, routine politics and collective violence. Auyero’s case study is well written and finely drawn, based on numerous interviews backed by a quantitative analysis for all relevant reported events. Especially striking are his findings on how critical action and inaction of political party brokers and the police were to the spread and then the ending of the food riots – but often in surprising ways. Auyero builds from his case material theoretically significant generalizations about the obscure and obscured actions of clientilistic party brokers facilitating widespread looting as police forces stand aside (or even participate themselves). This provocative work encourages us to look for the concealed connections between Routine Politics and Violence in many places beyond Argentina."
-Charles Brockett, University of the South

"[...]shows how collective violence is a collective product--of authority *and* opposition. This study helps us to understand the hidden ‘parallel politics’ of seeming social breakdown, and how Argentina has moved from military dictatorship to a ‘low-intensity democracy’ that systematically marginalizes large numbers of citizens and exempts an elected government from true accountability in the structures of social control."
-Alison Brysk, University of California-Irvine

"Riots are often seen as senseless episodes of rebellious disorder precipitated by – and symptomatic of – a breakdown of authority. Not to that careful student of the world of Argentina’s poor, Javier Auyero. His splendid interviews with participants, including victims, demonstrate the central roles of political brokers and police during a week of looting in 2001. His research compellingly shows the rootedness of this episode of collective violence in the everyday lives of the poor. As he shines his spotlight on what he calls ‘the grey zone,’ it is not an extraordinary absence of authority that is revealed, but its ordinary presence."
-John Markoff, University of Pittsburgh

"Auyero is a skilled ethnographer, and he makes ample use of 100 interviews with actors of all kinds to vividly reconstruct the ways participation made sense of their own roles and those of others around them. [...]it is worth noting the book's distinctive approach, which is a micro-level analysis of highly individual actors whose self-understandings are a central focus. When the book's questions remain at this micro-level[...]this is a very rewarding strategy, immediate in a way that few political analyses are."
-Kathryn Hochstetler, University of New Mexico, Perspectives on Politics

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Save to Kindle
  • Save to Dropbox
  • Save to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Alarcón, Cristian. 2003. Cuando me muera quiero que me toquen cumbia. Vidas de pibes chorros. Buenos Aires: Norma.
Alsina, Griselda and Catenazzi, Andrea. 2002. Diagnóstico preliminar ambiental de Moreno. Buenos Aires: Universidad de General Sarmiento.
Alford, Robert. 1998. The Craft of Inquiry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Amin, Shahid. 1995. Event, Metaphor, Memory. Chauri-Chaura 1922–1992. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Amato, Alberto. 2002. “La Trama Política de los Saqueos.” Clarín Digital, De-cember 19.
Arias, Desmond. 2006. “Trouble en Route….”Qualitative Sociology 29 (4):1–26.
Arias, Desmond 2004. “Faith in Our Neighbors: Networks and Social Order in Three Brazilian Favelas.” Latin American Politics and Society 46 (1): 1–38.
Arias, Desmond.2003. “The Infrastructure of Criminal Governance: Illegal Networks and Public Order in Rio de Janeiro.” Paper Presented at the 2003 Meeting of the Latin American Studies, Dallas, March 27–29.
Armstrong, Gary. 1998. Football Hooligans: Knowing the Score. Oxford: Berg.
Aronskind, Ricardo. 2001. Más Cerca o Ms Lejos del Desarrollo? Tranformaciones Económicas en los '90. Buenos Aires: Centro Rojas.
Ashforth, Adam. 2005. Witchcraft, Violence, and Democracy in South Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Auyero, Javier. 2006. “Space and Place as Sites and Objects of Politics.” pp. 230–45 in The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis, edited by Goodin, Robert and Tilly, Charles. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Auyero, Javier. 2003. Contentious Lives.Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Auyero, Javier. 2002. La Protesta: Retratos de la Beligerancia Popular en la Democrática. Buenos Aires: Libros del Rojas.
Auyero, Javier. 2001. Poor People's Politics. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Auyero, Javier. 2000. “The Hypershantytown. Ethnographic Portraits of Neo-liberal Violence(s).” Ethnography 1 (1):93–116.
Auyero, Javier and Timothy Moran. 2007. “ The Dynamics of Collective Violence: Dissecting Food Riots in Contemporary Argentina.” Forthcoming in Social Forces.
Aveni, Adrian. 1977. “The Not-So-Lonely Crowd: Friendship Groups in Collective Behavior.” Sociometry 40 (1): 96–9.
Baldassare, Mark. 1994. The Los Angeles Riots: Lessons for the Urban Future. Boulder, Colorado: Westview.
Barbeito, Alberto and LoVuolo, Ruben. 1992. La Modernizacion Excluyente. Buenos Aires: Losada.
Beccaria, Luis and Lopez, Nestor. 1996. “Notas sobre el comportamiento del mercado de trabajo urbano.” Pp. 17–46 in Sin Trabajo. Las características del desempleo y sus efectos en la sociedad argentina, edited by Beccaria, Luis and Lopez, Nestor. Buenos Aires: Losada.
Bergesen, Albert and Herman, Max. 1998. “Immigration, Race, and Riot: The 1992 Los Angeles Uprising.” American Sociological Review 63 (1):39–54.
Bessinger, Mark. 1998. “National Violence and the State.” Comparative Politics 30: 401–22.
Betancourt, Darío and García, Martha Luz. 1994. Contrabandistas, Marimberos y Mafiosos. Historia social de la mafia colombiana (1965–1992). Bogotá: T/M Editores.
Binder, Alberto. 2004. Policías y Ladrones. La Inseguridad en Cuestión. Buenos Aires: Capital Intelectual.
Blok, Anton. 2001. Honor and Violence. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bohstedt, John. 1983. Riots and Community Politics in England and Wales 1790–1810. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Bonasso, Miguel. 2002. El Palacio y la Calle. Buenos Aires: Planeta.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1997. Pascalian Meditations. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2001. Masculine Domination. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre, Chamboderon, Jean-Claude, and Passeron, Jean-Claude. 1991. The Craft of Sociology. Berlin: de Gruyter.
Bourdieu, Pierre and Wacquant, Loïc. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bourgois, Philippe. 2001. “The Power of Violence in War and Peace.” Ethnography 2 (1):5–34.
Bourgois, Philippe. 2003. In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourgois, Philippe. Forthcoming. Righteous Dopefiend.Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bouton, Cynthia. 1993. The Flour War. Gender, Class, and Community in Late Ancien Régime French Society.University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Brass, Paul, editor. 1996. Riots and Pogroms. New York: New York University Press.
Brass, Paul, editor. 1997. Theft of an Idol. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Braun, Herbert. 1980. The Assassination of Gaitán: Public Life and Urban Violence in Colombia. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Broadbent, Jeffrey. 2003. “Movement in Context: Thick Networks and Japanese Environmental Protest.” Pp. 204–29 in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, edited by Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brockett, Charles. 2005. Political Movements and Violence in Central America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brusco, Valeria, Nazareno, Marcelo, and Stokes, Susan. 2004. “Vote Buying in Argentina.” Latin American Research Review 39 (2): 66–88.
Burawoy, Michael. 1998. “The Extended Case Method.” Sociological Theory 16: 4–33.
Burawoy, Michael. 2003. “Revisits: An Outline of a Theory of Reflexive Ethnography.” American Sociological Review 68 (5): 645–79.
Cafassi, Emilio. 2002. Olla a Presión. Cacerolazos, Piquetes y Asambleas, sobre Fuego Argentino. Buenos Aires: Libros del Rojas.
Calvo, Ernesto and Murillo, Maria Victoria. 2004. “Who Delivers? Partisan Clients in the Argentine Electoral Market.” American Journal of Political Science 48 (4): 742–57.
Camarasa, Jorge. 2002. Días de Furia. Buenos Aires: Sudamericana.
Caplan, Nathan. 1970. “The New Ghetto Man: A Review of Recent Empirical Studies.” Journal of Social Issues 26 (Winter): 59–73.
Caplan, Nathan and Paige, Jeffrey. 1968. “Survey of Detroit and Newark Riot Participants.” pp. 127–37 in Report of the National Advisor Commission on Civil Disorders. New York: Bantam Books.
Cardoso, Ruth. 1992. “Popular Movements in the Context of Consolidation of Democracy.” Pp. 291–302 in The Making of Social Movements in Latin America, edited by Arturo Escobar and Sonia Alvarez. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Carlos, Manuel and Bo Anderson. 1991. “Political Brokerage and Network Politics in Mexico: The Case of a Dominance System.” Pp. 169–87 in Networks, Exchange and Coercion: The Elementary Theory and Its Applications, edited by Willer, David and Anderson, Bo. New York: Elsevier.
CELS (Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales). 2003. Plan Jefes y Jefas. Derecho Social o Beneficio sin Derechos?Buenos Aires: Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales.
CELS (Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales).2002. La Protesta Social en Argentina durante Diciembre de 2001. Buenos Aires: Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales.
Cerrutti, Marcela and Alejandro Grimson. 2004. “Buenos Aires, Neoliberalismo y Después. Cambios Socioeconómicos y Respuestas Populares.” Princeton University, CMD Working Paper #04–04d.
Cesari, Jocelyne. 2006. “Ethnicity, Islam, and les Banlieues: Confusing the Issues.”, accessed May 6, 2006.
Colectivo, Situaciones. 2002. 19 y 20 Apuntes para el Nuevo Protagonismo Social. Buenos Aires: Ediciones de Mano en Mano.
Comaroff, John and Comaroff, Jean. 1992. Ethnography and the Historical Imagination. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Conniff, Michael L. 1981. Urban Politics in Brazil: The Rise of Populism 1925–1945. Pittsburg: University of Pittsburgh Press.
Cornelius, Wayne. 1969. “Urbanization as an Agent in Latin American Instability: The Case of Mexico.” American Political Science Review 63: 833–57.
Cutter, Susan. 2006. “The Geography of Social Vulnerability: Race, Class, and Catastrophe.”, accessed March 16, 2006.
Danzger, M. H. 1975. “Validating Conflict Data”. American Sociological Review 40: 570–84.
Das, Veena, editor. 1990. Mirrors of Violence: Communities, Riots, and Survivors in South AsiaOxford: Oxford University Press.
Davenport, Christian, editor. 2000. Paths to State Repression.New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Davenport, Christian, Hank Johnston, and Mueller, Carol, editors. 2005. Repression and Mobilization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Davis, Mike. 2001. Late Victorian Holocausts. New York: Verso.
Davis, Mike and Anthony Fontenot. 2005. “25 Questions About the Murder of New Orleans.” The Nation, September 30, accessed May 9, 2006.
Davis, Natalie. 1973. “The Rites of Violence: Religious Riot in Sixteenth-Century France.” Past and Present 59 (May): 51–91.
Della Porta, Donatella. 1996. “Social Movements and the State: Thoughts of the Policing of Protest.” Pp. 62–92 in Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements, edited by McAdam, Doug, McCarthy, John D., and Zald, Mayer N.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Della Porta, Donatella. 1995. Political Movements, Political Violence, and the State.New York: Cambridge University Press.
Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug, editors. 2003. Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action. New York: Oxford University Press.
Di Natale, Martín. 2005. El Festival de la Pobreza. Buenos Aires: La Crujía.
Dinerstein, Ana. 2001. “El Poder de lo Irrealizado. El corte de ruta en Argentina y el potencial subversivo de la mundialización.” OSAL, Septiembre.
Dohan, Daniel. 2003. The Price of Poverty: Money, Work, and Culture in the Mexican-American Barrio. Berkeley: University of California Press.
DuBois, Lindsay. 2002. “The Looters are Coming! The Looters are Coming!: Moral Panic and the Argentine Crisis.” Paper presented as part of American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting, New Orleans, November 20.
Earl, Jennifer, Martin, Andrew, McCarthy, John D., and Soule, Sarah A.. 2004. “The Use of Newspaper Data in the Study of Collective Action.” Annual Review of Sociology 30: 65–80.
Earl, Jennifer, Soule, Sarah A., and McCarthy, John. 2003. “Protest under Fire? Explaining the Policing of Protest.” American Journal of Sociology 68: 581–606.
Edin, Kathryn and Lein, Laura. 1997. Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. 2002. Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting by in America. New York: Owl Books.
El Liberal. 2001. Informe Especial: Los Cimientos del Poder., accessed February 2, 2003.
Eliasoph, Nina. 1998. Avoiding Politics: How Americans Produce Apathy in Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Elison, Graham and Martin, Greg. 2000. “Policing, Collective Action, and Social Movement Theory: The Case of the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Campaign.” British Journal of Sociology 51 (4): 681–99.
Epele, María. 2005. “Cambios en las Prácticas de Uso de Cocaína: Neoliberalismo, VIH-SIDA y Muerte en el Sur del Gran Buenos Aires.” Apuntes de Investigación 10: 63–85.
Epstein, Edward. 2003. “The Piquetero Movement of Greater Buenos Aires: Working Class Protest During the Current Argentine Crisis.” Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 28 (55–6): 11–36.
Erickson, Bonnie. 1996. “The Structure of Ignorance.” Keynote Address, Sunbelt XVI: International Sunbelt Social Network Conference, Charleston, South Carolina, February 22.
Fantasia, Rick. 1988. Cultures of Solidarity: Consciousness, Action, and Contemporary American Workers. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Farmer, Paul. 2004. “An Anthropology of Structural Violence.” Current Anthropology 45 (3): 305–17.
Feagin, Joe and Hahn, Harlan. 1973. Ghetto Revolts: The Politics of Violence in American Cities. New York: Macmillan.
Fradkin, Raúl. 2002. Cosecharás tu Siembra. Buenos Aires: Prometeo Libros.
Franzosi, Roberto. 1987. “The Press as a Source of Sociohistorical Data.” Historical Methods 20: 5–16.
Friedman, Elisabeth Jay and Hochstetler, Kathryn. 2002. “Assessing the Third Transition in Latin American Democratization: Representational Regimes and Civil Society in Argentina and Brazil.” Comparative Politics 35 (1): 21–42.
Fussell, Elizabeth. 2006. “Leaving New Orleans: Social Stratification, Networks, and Hurricane Evacuation.”, accessed March 16, 2006.
Gagnon, V. P. Jr. 1994. “Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia.” International Security: 130–66.
Gamson, William A. [1975] 1990. The Strategy of Social Protest. Reprint, Homewood, Illinois: Dorsey.
Gay, Robert. 2005. Lucia: Testimonies of a Brazilian Drug Dealer's Woman. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Gay, Robert. 1994. Popular Organization and Democracy in Rio de Janeiro: A Tale of Two Favelas. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Gay, Robert. 1990. Community Organization and Clientelist Politics in Contemporary Brazil: A Case Study from Suburban Rio de Janeiro. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 14 (4): 648–65.
Giarraca, Norma, editor. 2001. La Protesta Social en la Argentina. Buenos Aires: Alianza.
Gibson, Edward and Calvo, Ernesto. 2000. “Federalism and Low-Maintenance Constituencies: Territorial Dimensions of Economic Reform in Argentina.” Studies in Comparative International Development 35 (3): 32–55.
Goldberg, Jonathan. 2003a. “Campaign Conscripts: How to Fill a Stadium with Argentina's Poor (and Other Ways to Win the Presidency).” The American Prospect (April), On-line Edition, accessed August 23, 2003.
Goldberg, Jonathan. 2003b. “Client Privilege.” The American Prospect (April), On-line Edition, accessed August 23, 2003.
Goldberg, Jonathan. 2003c. “Go Between.” The American Prospect (April), On-line Edition, accessed August 23, 2003.
Goldstein, Donna. 2003. Laughter Out of Place: Race, Class, and Sexuality in a Rio Shantytown. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Goldstone, Jack. 2003. “Introduction: Bridging Institutionalized and Noninstitutionalized Politics.” Pp. 1–24 in States, Parties, and Social Movements, edited by Goldstone, Jack. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Goode, Erich. 1992. Collective Behaviour. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Gooding-Williams, Robert. 1993. Reading Rodney King: Reading Urban Uprising. New York: Routledge.
Gould, Roger. 1995. Insurgent Identities: Class, Community, and Protest from 1848 to the Commune. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gould, Roger and Fernandez, Roberto. 1989. “Structures of Mediation: A Formal Approach to Brokerage in Transaction Networks.” Sociological Methodology 1990: 89–126.
Grimson, Alejandro et al. 2004. “La vida organizacional en zonas populares de Buenos Aires,” The Center for Migration and Development, Working Series Paper, Princeton University, CMD Working Paper.
Guagnini, Lucas. 2003. “Barrabravas en el Estado: La Fuerza de Choque de la Política.” Clarín Digital, Suplemento Zona, October 19. Accessed January 1, 2006.
Guardian (Manchester). 2006. “France Braced for 12th Night of Riots.” November 7., accessed May 4, 2006.
Guardian (Manchester).2006. “America's Ordeal.” September 4., accessed May 3, 2006.
Guardian (Manchester).2006. “Katrina's Wrath.” September 1a., accessed May 3, 2006.
Guardian (Manchester). 2006. “It's Like a War Zone Here: There Was Shooting and Looting.” September 1b., accessed May 3, 2006.
Gunst, Laurie. 1995. Born Fi' Dead: A Journey Through the Yardie Posse Underworld. New York: Canongate Books.
Gurr, Ted. 1970. Why Men Rebel. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Guterbock, Thomas. 1980. Machine Politics in Transition: Party and Community in Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hathazy, Paul. 2004. “Cosmologías del Orden: Disciplina y Sacrificio en los Agentes Antidisturbios.” Unpublished Manuscript. University of California, Berkeley.
Hibbs, Douglas A. 1973. Mass Political Violence. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Hirsch, Eric L. 1990. “Sacrifice for the Cause: Group Processes, Recruitment, and Commitment in a Student Social Movement.” American Sociological Review 55: 243–54.
Indec (Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos). 2003. Encuesta Permanente de Hogares. Buenos Aires: Indec.
Iñigo Carrera, Nicolás. 1999. “Fisonomia de las Huelgas Generales de la Década de 1990.” PIMSA 1999: 155–73.
Isla, Alejandro and Miguez, Daniel, editors. 2003. Heridas Urbanas. Violencia Delictiva y Transformaciones Sociales en los Noventa. Buenos Aires: Editorial de las Ciencias.
Jackson, Stephen. 2006. “Un/natural Disasters, Here and There.”, accessed March 16, 2006.
Jenkins, Craig. 1983. “Resource Mobilization Theory,” Annual Review of Sociology 9: 527–53.
Joseph, Gilbert M. 1990. “On the Trail of Latin American Bandits: A Reexamination of Peasant Resistance”. Latin American Research Review 25 (3): 7–53.
Kakar, Sudhir. 1996. The Colors of Violence: Cultural Identities, Religion, and Conflict. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kastoriano, Riva. 2006. “Territories of Identities in France.”, accessed May 6, 2006.
Katz, Jack. 2002. “From How to Why: On Luminous Description and Causal Inference in Ethnography (Part II).” Ethnography 3(1): 73–90.
Katz, Jack. 2001. “From How to Why: On Luminous Description and Causal Inference in Ethnography (Part I).” Ethnography 2(4):443–73.
Katz, Jack. 1999. How Emotions Work. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Katz, Jack. 1988. Seductions of Crime. New York: Basic Books.
Katz, Jack. 1982. Poor People's Lawyers. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
Katzenelson, Ira. 1981. City Trenches: Urban Politics and the Patterning of Class in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kerkvliet, Benedict J. Tria. 2005. The Power of Everyday Politics: How Vietnamese Peasants Transformed National Policy.Ithaca, New York:Cornell University Press.
Killian, Lewis. 1980. “Theory of Collective Behaviour: The Mainstream Revisited.” Pp. 275–89 in Sociological Theory and Research: A Critical Appraisal, edited by Blalock, Hubert. New York: Free Press.
Kirschke, Linda. 2000. “Informal Repression, Zero-sum Politics and Late Third Wave Transitions.” Journal of Modern African Studies 38(3): 383–403.
Klachko, Paula. Cutral Co y Plaza Huincul. 1999. “El Primer Corte de Ruta.” PIMSA 1999: 121–54.
Klipphan, Andres. 2004. Asuntos Internos. Las Mafias Policiales Contadas desde Dentro. Buenos Aires: Aguilar.
Knoke, David. 1990. Political Networks. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kohan, Aníbal. 2002. A las Calles! Una Historia de los Movimientos Piqueteros y Caceroleros de los '90 al 2002. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Colihue.
Kollmann, Raúl. 2005. “Seis Claves de lo que Pasó en Córdoba.” Página12Digital February 13, accessed March 14, 2006.
Kollmann, Raúl.2005. “Las Seis Preguntas Clave.” Pagina12Digital April 13, accessed March 14, 2006.
Koopmans, Ruud and Dieter Rucht. 2002. “Protest Event Analysis.” Pp. 231–59 in Methods of Social Movement Research, edited by Klandermans, Bert and Susan, Staggenborg. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Koopmans, Ruud and Rucht, Dieter. 1999. “Protest Event Analysis –Where to Now?Mobilization 4: 123–30.
Kornblum, William. 1974. Blue Collar Community. Chicago: University of Chi- cago Press.
Kriesi, Hanspeter, Koopmans, R., Dyvendak, J. W., and Giugni, M.. 1995. New Social Movements in Western Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Laufer, Rubén and Claudio Spiguel. 1999. “Las ‘Puebladas’ Argentinas a partir del ‘Santiagueñazo’ de 1993. Tradición Histórica y Nuevas Formas de Lucha.” Pp. 15–44 in Lucha Popular, Democracia, Neoliberalismo: Protesta Popular en América Latina en los Años del Ajuste, edited by Margarita López Maya. Venezuela: Nueva Sociedad.
Leeds, Elizabeth. 1996. “Cocaine and Parallel Polities in the Brazilian Urban Periphery: Constraints on Local-Level Democratization.” Latin American Research Review 31(3):47–83.
Levi, Primo. 1988. The Drowned and the Saved. New York: Summit Books.
Levine, Felice and Katherine Rosich. n/d. Social Causes of Violence: Crafting a Science Agenda. American Sociological Association, on-line document at, accessed January 30, 2003.
Levitsky, Steve. 2003. Transforming Labor-Based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Levitsky, Steve and Murillo, María Victoria, editors. 2006. Argentine Democracy: The Politics of Institutional Weakness.University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Lewkowics, Ignacio. 2002. Sucesos Argentinos. Buenos Aires: Paidos.
Lieberson, Stanley and Silverman, Arnold. 1965. “The Precipitants and Underlying Conditions of Race Riots.” American Sociological Review 30(6):887–98.
Lofland, John. 1981. “Collective Behaviour: The Elementary Forms.” Pp. 411–46 in Social Psychology: Sociological Perspectives, edited by Rosenberg, Morris and Turner, Ralph H.. New York: Basic Books.
Lomnitz, Larissa. 1975. Cómo sobreviven los marginados. Ciudad de Mexico: Siglo XⅪ.
Lopez Echagüe, Hernán. 1996. El Otro. Buenos Aires: Planeta.
Lopez Maya, Margarita, editor. 1999. Lucha Popular, Democracia, Neoliberalismo: Protesta Popular en América Latina en los Años del Ajuste. Venezuela: Nueva Sociedad.
MacFarquhar, Larissa. 2003. “The Strongman: Where Is Hindu-Nationalist Violence Leading?The New Yorker, May 26: 50–7.
Mallamaci, Karina. 2003. “Estudio sobre políticas educativas compensatorias. Formulación e implementación en escuelas básicas de un municipio del conurbano bonaerense.” M. A. Thesis. Flacso, Buenos Aires.
Marín, Manuela. 2003. “Empowerment or Dependence? Poverty Alleviation in Greater Buenos Aires.” Unpublished Manuscript. Institute of Latin American Studies, London. MSC in Globalization and Latin American Development.
Markoff, John. 1996. The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Martínez, Tomás. 2002. Episodios Argentinos. Buenos Aires: Aguilar.
Massey, Doreen. 1984. “Introduction: Geography Matters.” Pp. 1–11 in Geography Matters!, edited by Massey, Doreen and Allen, John. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mauss, Marcel (in collaboration with Henri Beuchat). 1979 [1916]. Seasonal Variations of the Eskimo: A Study in Social Morphology. London and Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
McAdam, Doug. 2003. “Beyond Structural Analysis: Toward a More Dynamic Understanding of Social Movements.” pp. 281–98 in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, edited by Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug. New York: Oxford University Press.
McAdam, Doug. 1988. Freedom Summer. New York: Oxford University Press.
McAdam, Doug. 1982. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930–1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McAdam, Doug and Dieter, Ruch. 1993. “The Cross-National Diffusion of Movement Ideas.” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 528: 56–74.
McAdam, Doug, Sidney, Tarrow, and Charles, Tilly. 2001. Dynamics of Conten-tion. New York: Cambridge University Press.
McCarthy, John and Zald, Mayer. 1977. “Resource Mobilization and Social Movements.” American Journal of Sociology 82: 1212–41.
McCarthy, John and Zald, Mayer. 1971. The Trend of Social Movements in America. Morristown, New Jersey: General Learning Press.
McPhail, Clark. 1992. Acting Together: The Organization of Crowds. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
McPhail, Clark. 1991. The Myth of the Madding Crowd. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
McPhail, Clark. 1971. “Civil Disorder Participation: A Critical Examination of Recent Research.” American Sociological Review 36(December):1058–73.
McPhail, Clark and John McCarthy. 2005. “Protest Mobilization, Protest Repression, and Their Interaction.” Pp. 3–32 in Repression and Mobilization, edited by Davenport, Christian, Johnston, Hank, and Mueller, Carol. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
McPhail, Clark and Wohlstein, Ronald. 1983. “Individual and Collective Behaviors within Gatherings, Demonstrations, and Riots.” Annual Review of Sociology 9: 579–600.
Merton, Robert K. 1949. Social Theory and Social Structure. Glencoe, Illinois: Free Press.
Minujin, Alberto and Kessler, Gabriel. 1995. La Nueva Pobreza en la Argentina. Buenos Aires: Planeta.
Mische, Ann. 2003. “Cross-talk in Movements: Reconceiving the Culture-Network Link.” Pp. 258–80 in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, edited by Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug. New York: Oxford University Press.
Moinat, Sheryl, Raine, Walter, Burbeck, Stephen, and Davison, Keith. 1972. “Black Ghetto Residents as Rioters.” Journal of Social Issues 28: 45–62.
Mueller, Carol. 1997. “International Press Coverage of Eastern German Protest Events.” American Sociological Review 62: 820–32.
Myers, Daniel. 1997. “Racial Rioting in the 1960s.” American Sociological Review 62:94–112.
Myers, Daniel and Caniglia, Beth Schaefer. 2004. “All the Rioting That's Fit to Print: Selection Effects in National Newspaper Coverage of Civil Disorders, 1968–1969.” American Sociological Review 69 (August): 519–43.
Neufeld, María Rosa and María Cristina Cravino. 2003. “Entre la Hiperinflación y la devaluación: ‘saqueos’ y ollas populares en la memoria y trama organizativa de los sectores populares del Gran Buenos Aires (1989–2001).” Unpublished Manuscript. Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento.
New York Times. 2005. “Hurricane Katrina: New Orleans; Life-or-Death Words of the Day in a Battered City: ‘I Had to Get Out’.” August 31., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Hurricane Katrina: The Overview; Bush Sees Long Recovery for New Orleans; 30,000 Troops in Largest U. S. Relief Report.” September 1., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Storm and Crisis: Government Assistance; Breakdowns Marked Path from Hurricane to Anarchy.” September 11a., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Storm and Crisis: The Police; Duty Binds Officers Who Have Gone to Help After Storm.” September 11b., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Storm and Crisis: Rumors; Authorities Struggling to Set Record Straight.” September 12., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “The Nation: Confidence Factor; Post-Katrina, Bricks and Mortals.” September 18., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Storm and Crisis: Lawlessness; Fear Exceeded Crime's Reality in New Orleans.” September 29., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Storm and Crisis: Law Enforcement; A Police Department Racked by Doubt and Accusations.” September 30., accessed May 4, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Angry Immigrants Embroil France in Wider Riots.” November 5., accessed, May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Riots and Violence Spread from Paris to Other French Cities.” November 6., accessed May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “10 Officers Shot as Riots Worsen in French Cities.” November 7., accessed May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “Firestorm in France: The Police; Suburban Officers Criticized as Insensitive to Racism.” November 8., accessed May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “France Declares Emergency; Curfews to be Imposed.” November 9., accessed May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “The French Riots: A Political Scorecard.” November 13., accessed May 7, 2006.
New York Times. 2005. “What Britain Can Tell France about Rioters.” November 20., accessed May 7, 2006.
O'Donnell, Guilermo. 1993. “On the State, Democratization and Some Conceptual Problems: A Latin American View with Glances at Some Postcommunist Countries.” World Development 21(August):1355–69.
O'Donnell, Guilermo.1992. “Delegative Democracy?” The Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame 172, Working Paper.
Olzak, S. 1992. The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
O'Donnell, Guilermo. 1989. “Analysis of Events in Studies of Collective Action.” Annual Review of Sociology 15: 119–41.
Osa, Maryjane. 2003. “Networks of Opposition: Linking Organizations Through Activists in the Polish People's Republic.” Pp. 77–104 in Social Movements and Networks. Relational Approaches to Collective Action, edited by Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Otero, Daniel. 1997. El Entorno. La Trama Intima del Aparato Duhaldista y sus Punteros. Buenos Aires: Nuevohacer.
Oviedo, Luis. 2001. Una Historia del Movimiento Piquetero. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Rumbos.
Palermo, Vicente and Novaro, Marcos. 1996. Política y Poder en el Gobierno de Menem. Buenos Aires: Grupo Editorial Norma.
Parenti, Christian. 2006. “The Big Easy Dies Hard.” The Nation, September 26., accessed May 9, 2006.
Passy, Florence. 2003. “Social Networks Matter. But How?” Pp. 21–48 in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action, edited by Diani, Mario and McAdam, Doug. New York: Oxford University Press.
Piven, Frances Fox and Cloward, Richard A.. 1979. Poor People's Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail. New York: Vintage.
Prevot-Schapira, Marie. 1993. “La consolidación municipal en el Gran Buenos Aires: tensiones y ambiguedades.” Estudios Sociológicos X(33): 25–47.
Prunier, Gerard. 1997. The Rwanda Crisis: History of a Genocide. New York: Columbia University Press.
Puex, Nathalie. 2003. “Las Formas de la Violencia en Tiempos de Crisis: Una Villa Miseria del Conurbano Bonaerense.” Pp. 33–60 in Heridas Urbanas. Violencia Delictiva y Transformaciones Sociales en los Noventa, edited by Isla, Alejandro and Miguez, Daniel. Buenos Aires: Editorial de las Ciencias.
Ragin, Charles and Becker, Howard, editors. 1992. What Is a Case? Exploring the Foundations of Social Inquiry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rock, David. 2005. “Argentina: A Hundred and Fifty Years of Democratic Praxis.” Latin American Research Review 40 (2):221–34.
Rock, David. 1975. Politics in Argentina: The Rise and Fall of Radicalism, 1890–1930. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rodríguez Larreta, Fernando. 2000. “Descentralización de políticas sociales.” Unpublished Manuscript. Buenos Aires: University of Buenos Aires.
Rofman, Alejandro. 2000. Destrucción De Las Economias Provinciales. Le Monde Diplomatique, August 6–7.
Roldán, Mary. 2002. Blood and Fire: La Violencia in Antioquia, Colombia, 1946–1953. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Roniger, Luis. 1990. Hierarchy and Trust in Modern Mexico and Brazil. New York: Praeger.
Rose, Harold M. 1971. The Black Ghetto: A Spatial Behavioral Perspective. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Rosenfeld, Michael. 1997. “Celebration, Politics, Selective Looting and Riots: A Micro Level Study of the Bulls Riot of 1992 in Chicago.” Social Problems 44(4): 483–502.
Rosnow, Ralph. 1988. Rumor as Communication: A Contextualist Approach. Journal of Communication 38(1): 12–28.
Rothen, Diana. 2000. Global-Local Conditions of Possibility: The Case of Education Decentralization in Argentina. Ph.D. Dissertation. Department of Education, Stanford University.
Rother, Larry. 2003. “Argentine Moves Against Police Corruption.” New York Times, November 16.
Roy, Beth. 1994. Some Trouble with Cows. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Roy, Olivier, 2006. “The Nature of French Riots.”, accessed May 6, 2006.
Rubins, Roxana and Horacio Cao. 2000. “Las Satrapías de Siempre.” Le Monde Diplomatique, August 8–9.
Rudé, George. 1964. The Crowd in History. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Rule, James. 1988. Theories of Civil Violence. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sain, Marcelo. 2004. Política, Policía y Delito. La red bonaerense. Buenos Aires: Capital Intelectual.
Sain, Marcelo. 2002. Seguridad, Democracia y Reforma del Sistema Policial en la Argentina. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
Salert, Barbara and Sprague, John. 1980. The Dynamics of Riots. Ann Arbor: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research.
Sanchez, Gonzalo and Meertens, Donny. 2001. Bandits, Peasants, and Politics: The Case of “La Violencia” in Colombia. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. 1992. Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil.Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schmidt, Steffen W. 1974. “La Violencia Revisited: The Clientelist Bases of Political Bases in Colombia”. Journal of Latin American Studies 6(1):97–111.
Schneider, Jane and Schneider, Peter. 2003. Reversible Destiny: Mafia, Antimafia, and the Struggle for Palermo. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schuster, Federico. 2002. “La Trama de la Crisis. Modos y Formas de Protesta Social a partir de los Acontecimientos de Diciembre de 2001,” Informes de Coyuntura 3. Instituto Gino Germani, UBA.
Scott, James. 1977. “Patronage or Exploitation?” Pp. 67–94 in Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies, edited by Gellner, Ernest and John, Waterbury. London: Duckworth.
Scott, James and Benedict J. Kerkvliet. 1977. “How Traditional Rural Patrons Lose Legitimacy: A Theory with Special Reference to Southeast Asia.” Pp. 439–58 in Friends, Followers, and Factions: A Reader in Political Clientelism, edited by Guasti, Laura, Landé, Carl, Scott, James, and Schmidt, Steffen. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Scribano, Adrián. 1999. “Argentina “Cortada”: Cortes de Ruta y Visibilidad Social en el Contexto del Ajuste.” Pp. 45–72 in Lucha Popular, Democracia, Neoliberalismo: Protesta Popular en América Latina en los Años del Ajuste, edited by Maya, Margarita López. Caracas, Venezuela: Nueva Sociedad.
Scribano, Adrián and Federico Schuster. 2001. Protesta Social en la Argentina de 2001: entre la normalidad y la ruptura. OSAL September.
Semán, Pablo. 2000. “El Pentecostalismo y la Religiosidad de los Sectores Populares.” Apuntes de Investigación 5:35–58.
Serulnikov, Sergio. 1994. “When Looting Becomes a Right: Urban Poverty and Food Riots in Argentina.” Latin American Perspectives 21(3):69–89.
Sewell, William. 2002. “Space in Contentious Politics.” Pp. 51–88 in Silence and Voice in the Study of Contentious Politics, edited by Aminzade, Ronald et al. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Shaheed, Farida. 1990. “The Pathan-Muhajir Conflicts, 1985–6: A National Perspective.” Pp. 194–214 in Mirrors of Violence. Communities, Riots and Survivors in South Asia, edited by Veena, Das. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Silverstein, Paul and Chantal Tetreault. 2006. “Postcolonial Urban Apartheid.”, accessed May 6, 2006.
Sitrin, Marina. 2005. Horizontalidad. Voces de Poder Popular en Argentina. Buenos Aires: Chilavert.
Smith, Neil. 2006. “There's No Such Thing as a Natural Disaster.”, accessed March 16, 2006.
Snow, David, Cress, Daniel M., Downey, Liam, and Jones, Andrew W.. 1998. “Disrupting the ‘Quotidian’: Reconceptualizing the Relationship Between Breakdown and the Emergence of Collective Action.” Mobilization 3(1): 1–22.
Snow, David, Morrill, Calvin, and Anderson, Leon. 2003. “Elaborating Analytic Ethnography: Linking Fieldwork and Theory.” Ethnography June 4:181–200.
Solnit, Rebecca. 2005. “The Uses of Disaster.” Harper's Magazine, September 9., accessed May 4, 2006.
Spillerman, Seymour. 1970. “The Causes of Racial Disturbance: A Comparison of Alternative Explanations.” American Sociological Review 35(August): 627–49.
Stark, Margaret Abudu, Raine, Walter, Burbeck, Stephen, and Davison, Keith. 1974. “Some Empirical Patterns in a Riot Process.” American Sociological Review 39(December): 865–76.
Stein, Steve. 1980. Populism in Perú: The Emergence of the Masses and the Politics of Social Control. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.
Stillwaggon, Eileen. 1998. Stunted Lives, Stagnant Economies: Poverty, Disease, and Underdevelopment. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
Stoller, Paul. 2004. Stranger in the Village of the Sick: A Memoir of Cancer, Sorcery, and Healing. New York: Beacon Press.
Svampa, Maristella and Pereyra, Sebastián. 2003. Entre la Ruta y el Barrio. La Experiencia de las Organizaciones Piqueteras. Buenos Aires: Biblos.
Tarrow, Sidney. 1998. Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Tarrow, Sidney. 2005. The New Transnational Activism.New York: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, Lynne. 1996. “Food Riots Revisited.” Journal of Social History (Winter): 483–96.
Thompson, E. P. 1994. Customs in Common. New York: The New Press.
Tierney, Kathleen. 1994. “Property Damage and Violence: A Collective Behavior Analysis.” Pp. 149–74 in The Los Angeles Riots: Lessons for the Urban Future, edited by Baldassare, Mark. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.
Tilly, Charles. 2004. “Observations of Social Processes and Their Formal Representations.” Sociological Theory 22(4): 595–602.
Tilly, Charles. 2003. The Politics of Collective Violence. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Tilly, Charles. 2000. “Spaces of Contention.” Mobilization 5: 135–60.
Tilly, Charles.1992. “How to Detect, Describe, and Explain Repertoires of Contention.” Center for the Study of Social Change, New School for Social Research, The Working Paper Series 150:6.
Tilly, Charles. 1986. The Contentious French. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Tilly, Charles. 1978. From Mobilization to Revolution. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison Wesley.
Tilly, Charles. 1974. “Town and Country in Revolution.” Pp. 154–78 in Peasant Rebellion and Communist Revolution, edited by Lewis, John Wilson. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Tilly, Charles, Tilly, Louise, and Tilly, Richard. 1975. The Rebellious Century, 1830–1930. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Times Picayune (New Orleans). 2005. “Looting Suspects Stationed at Greyhound Terminal.” September 9., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Makeshift Militia Patrols Algiers Neighborhood.” September 8., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “New Orleans Staggers to Its Feet for Next Step on Long Road.” September 5., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Most Officers Working on Adrenaline, Little Else.” September 4a., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “New Orleans Staggers to Its Feet for Next Step on Long Road.” September 4b., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Local Leaders Call Relief Efforts Too Little, Late: Violence, Looting Reported in East, West Jeff.” September 2a., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Blanco Demands Thousands of Troops: Police Volunteers from Other States to Help Out.” September 2b., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Supplies Running Scarce in Chaotic Jefferson.” September 1a., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Forces Called in to Curb Widespread Looting.” September 1b., accessed May 8, 2006.
Times Picayune (New Orleans).2005. “Looting on Tchoupitoulas Street.” August 31., accessed May 8, 2006.
Torres, Pablo. 2002. Votos, Chapas y Fideos. Buenos Aires: de la Campana.
Torresi, Leonardo. 2005. “El Coloso Olvidado.”, accessed June 3, 2005.
Turner, Ralph and Killian, Lewis. 1987. Collective Behaviour. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
United Nations Human Settlements Programme. 2003. The Challenge of Slums. Global Report on Human Settlements. London and Sterling, Virginia: Earthscan.
USA Today. 2005. “New Orleans Police May Have Participated in Looting.” September 29., accessed May 7, 2006.
Useem, Bert. 1985. Disorganization and the New Mexico Prison Riot of 1980. American Sociological Review 50: 677–88.
Useem, Bert. 1997. The State and Collective Disorders: The Los Angeles Riot/Protest of April, 1992. Social Forces 72(2):357–77.
Useem, Bert. 1998. Breakdown Theories of Collective Action. Annual Review of Sociology 24: 215–38.
Valentine, Daniel. 1996. Charred Lullabies. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Vales, Laura. 2003a. “Plan y patota, receta Cariglino.” Página12Digital, November 30, accessed March 13, 2006.
Vales, Laura.2003b. “Desalojo de un asentamiento sin orden judicial, pero con punteros.” Página12Digital, March 31, accessed March 17, 2005.
Vales, Laura.2001. “Saqueos en Moreno.” Página12Digital, December 20, accessed December 23, 2001.
Vanderwood, Paul. 1992. Disorder and Progress: Bandits, Police, and Mexican Development. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources.
Varshney, Ashutosh. 2002. Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.
Verbitsky, Horacio. 2002. “La Marca.” Página12Digital, August 4, accessed March 1, 2005.
Villalón, Roberta. 2002. “Piquetes, Cacerolazos y Asambleas Vecinales: Social Protests in Argentina, 1993–2002.” M. A. Thesis. University of Texas at Austin.
Villarreal, Andrés. 2002. “Political Competition and Violence in Mexico: Hierarchical Social Control in Local Patronage Structures.” American Sociological Review 67(August):477–98.
Volkov, Vadim. 2002. Violent Entrepreneurs: The Use of Force in the Making of Russian Capitalism. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
Wacquant, Loïc. 2004. “Comment on Paul Farmer's An Anthropology of Structural Violence.” Current Anthropology 45(3):322.
Wacquant, Lo ïc. 2003. Body and Soul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wacquant, Lo ïc. 2002. “Scrutinizing the Street: Poverty, Morality, and the Pitfall of Urban Ethnography.” American Journal of Sociology 107(6):1468–532.
Wacquant, Loïc.1993. “The Return of the Repressed. Urban Violence, ‘Race,’ and Dualization in Three Advanced Societies.” Plenary address presented at the XVII Encontro Annual da ANPOCS, Caxambu, Brazil.
Wallman, Joel. 2000. “Common Sense about Violence: Why Research? Year 2000.” Report of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation.
Walton, John. 1989. “Debt, Protest, and the State in Latin America.” Pp. 299–328 in Power and Popular Protest: Latin American Social Movements, edited by Eckstein, Susan. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Walton, John and Ragin, Charles. 1990. “Global and National Sources of Political Protest: Third World Responses to the Debt Crisis.” American Sociological Review 55: 876–90.
Walton, John and David, Seddon. 1994. Free Markets and Food Riots: The Politics of Global Adjustment. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Walton, John and Jon Shefner. 1994. “Latin America: Popular Protest and the State.” Pp. 97–134 in Free Markets and Food Riots, edited by Walton, John and Seddon, David. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Weber, Max. 1949. The Methodology of the Social Sciences.New York: Free Press.
Wilkinson, Steven. 2004. Votes and Violence: Electoral Competition and Ethnic Riots in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wohlenberg, Earnest H. 1982. “The ‘Geography of Civility’ Revisted: New York Blackout Looting, 1977”. Economic Geography 58:29–44.
Wright, Angus and Wolford, Wendy. 2003. To Inherit the Earth: The Landless Movement and the Struggle for a New Brazil. Oakland: Food First.
Yashar, Deborah. 1999. “Democracy, Indigenous Movements, and the Postliberal Challenge in Latin America.” World Politics 51(1):76–104.
Young, Gerardo. 2002. “La Trama Política de los Saqueos.” Clarín Digital, December 19.
Zhao, Dingxin. 2001. The Power of Tiananmen: State-Society Relations and the 1989 Beijing Student Movement.Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Zussman, Robert. 2004. “People in Places.” Qualitative Sociology 27/4: 351–63.
Clarín, Crónica, Cronica-Chubut, El Ciudadano, El Liberal, El Litoral, El Sol, El Universal (Venezuela), La Gaceta, La Mañana del Sur, La Nación, La Voz del Interior, Los Andes, Página12, Para Ud!, and Rio Negro.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.