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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

6 - Science, state and nation

India's science remained constrained and conditioned by the continuing presence of colonial rule and troubled by uncertainties about status and identity in India's quest for nationhood and modernity. The authority that Western science had come to enjoy in India by the late nineteenth century was too great to be ignored in Indians own programmes of reform and revitalisation. The most practical, and therefore most contentious, area of engagement between Hindu and Western science lay in the field of medicine. Constitutional changes under the Government of India Act of 1919 had far-reaching effects on the organisation, funding and political complexion of late colonial science. Despite the political turmoil of the inter-war period, science in India underwent profound institutional changes. India had a high reputation for tropical medicine, but the research had mainly been done in specialist institutes, leaving departments in universities and medical colleges bereft of funds and the stimulus of research.
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Science, Technology and Medicine in Colonial India
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053426
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