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  • Cited by 2
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Rankin, Bruce and Ergin, Murat 2017. Cultural omnivorousness in Turkey. Current Sociology, Vol. 65, Issue. 7, p. 1070.

    Rankin, Bruce Ergin, Murat and Gökşen, Fatoş 2014. A Cultural Map of Turkey. Cultural Sociology, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 159.

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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: May 2010

6 - Social stratification and cultural participation in Hungary: a post-communist pattern of consumption?

Summary

Introduction

Since the collapse of communism in Hungary, major changes have occurred in the level and pattern of cultural consumption. Although the overall amount of leisure time has increased, there has been a significant decline in the amount of time spent attending concerts, theatres and cinemas or visiting museums (Falussy, 2004). In national surveys, the percentage of people who said they have attended a theatre in the year preceding the interview was 36% in 1986, but this had dropped to 23% by 2000 (Bukodi, 2005). Likewise, in the mid 1980s, 42% of Hungarians claimed to have visited a museum at least once over a 12-month period, but in 2000 this figure was only 22%.

In the light of these developments, further enquiry needs to be made into the social bases of cultural participation. This is the main objective of this chapter. More specifically, I investigate the association between individuals' cultural consumption across several different public domains – i.e. attendance at musical events, at theatres and cinemas, and at museums and galleries – and a range of different indicators of social stratification; and, in conclusion, I consider the applicability in the Hungarian case of rival theoretical arguments on the relationship between cultural and social stratification as outlined in Chapter 1.

In search of the social bases of cultural consumption in Hungary

The role of cultural and economic resources

Cultural participation is thought to be influenced by education in several different ways. Bourdieu (1984) argued that education increases individuals' ‘cultural capital’ and thus affects their ability to interpret and appropriate different expressions of culture.

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Social Status and Cultural Consumption
  • Online ISBN: 9780511712036
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511712036
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