Aalen, L. (2006). Ethnic federalism and self-determination for nationalities in a semi-authoritarian state: the case of Ethiopia. International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, 13, 243–261.
Aalen, L., & Tronvoll, K. (2009). The end of democracy? Curtailing political and civil rights in Ethiopia. Review of African Political Economy, 36(120), 193–207.
Abbink, J. (2006). Discomfiture of democracy? The 2005 election crisis in Ethiopia and its aftermath. African Affairs, 105(419), 173–199.
Abye, T. (2004). Parcours d'Éthiopiens en France et aux Etats-Unis: De nouvelles formes de migrations. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Adam, L. (2007). 2007 Ethiopia telecommunications sector performance review: a supply side analysis of policy outcomes. Retrieved from www.researchICTafrica.net.
Adam, L. (2010). Ethiopia ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010 (Policy Paper No. 9). Research ICT Africa.
Alexandre, L. (1989). The voice of America: from detente to the Reagan doctrine. New Jersey: Ablex.
Allen, M., & Hecht, G. (2001). Technologies of power: essays in honor of Thomas Parke Hughes and Agatha Chipley Hughes. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London: Verso.
Aouragh, M., & Alexander, A. (2011). The Arab Spring, The Egyptian experience: sense and nonsense of the internet revolution. International Journal of Communication, 5, 15.
Asefa, G. (2006). SchoolNet Ethiopia. Content and applications development. Addis Ababa: United Nations Development Programme.
Assefa, T., & Tegegne, G.-E. (2007). Decentralization in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Forum for Social Studies.
Bach, J.-N. (2011). Abyotawi democracy: neither revolutionary nor democratic, a critical review of EPRDF’s conception of revolutionary democracy in post-1991 Ethiopia. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 5(4), 641–663.
Bayart, J.-F. (2000). Africa in the world: a history of extraversion. African Affairs, 99(395), 217–267.
Bayart, J.-F. (2009). The state in Africa (2nd Edition). Cambridge: Polity Press.
Benford, R. D., & Snow, D. A. (2000). Framing processes and social movements: An overview and assessment. Annual Review of Sociology, 26(1), 611–639.
Beyene, Z., Zerai, A., & Gagliardone, I. (2015). Satellites, plasmas and law: the role of TeleCourt in changing conceptions of justice and authority in Ethiopia. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 4(1).
Bijker, W. E., Hughes, T. P., & Pinch, T. J. (1987). The social construction of technological systems: new directions in the sociology and history of technology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Blumler, J. G., & Kavanagh, D. (1999). The third age of political communication: Influences and features. Political Communication, 16(3), 209–230.
Booth, D., & Golooba-Mutebi, F. (2012). Developmental patrimonialism? The case of Rwanda. African Affairs, 111(444), 379–403. http://doi.org/10.1093/afraf/ads026.
Bratton, M. (2013). Briefing: citizens and cell phones in Africa. African Affairs, 112(447), 304–319.
Brautigam, D. (2009). The dragon’s gift: the real story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Brautigam, D. (2011). Aid ‘with Chinese characteristics’: Chinese foreign aid and development finance meet the OECD-DAC aid regime. Journal of International Development, 23(5), 752–764.
Bruzelius, N., Flyvbjerg, B., & Rothengatter, W. (2002). Big decisions, big risks. Improving accountability in mega projects. Transport Policy, 9(2), 143–154.
Callon, M. (2009). Foreword. In The radiance of France. Cambridge, Mass; London: MIT Press.
Carter Center. (2005). Final statement on the Carter Center observation of the Ethiopia 2005 national elections. Atlanta: The Carter Center.
Chanie, P. (2007). Clientelism and Ethiopia’s post-1991 decentralisation. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 45(03), 355–384.
Chanie, P. (2009). Disconnect between public sector management system and decentralization reforms: An empirical analysis of the Ethiopian situation. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, 25(1), 59–91.
Chan, J. M., & Lee, C.-C. (1984). The journalistic paradigm on civil protests: A case study of Hong Kong. The News Media in National and International Conflict, 183–202.
Checkel, J. (1997). Ideas and international political change. Soviet/Russian behavior and the end of the cold war. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Checkel, J. (2001). Why comply? Social learning and European identity change. International Organization, 55(3), 553–588.
Clapham, C. (1990). Transformation and continuity in revolutionary Ethiopia (Vol. 61). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clapham, C. (2006). Ethiopian development: the politics of emulation. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 44(1), 137–150.
Clapham, C. S. (1996). Africa and the international system: the politics of state survival. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Collins, R., & Burns, J. (2007). A history of Sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cook, S. (2013). The long shadow of Chinese censorship. Washington, DC: Center for International Media Assistance.
Cossa, G., & Cronjé, J. (2004). Computers for Africa: lessons learnt from introducing computers into schools in Mozambique. International Journal of Learning Technology 1(1), 84–99.
Daedan, . (2004). Report to Ministry of Capacity Building and EICTDA. Evaluation of the WoredaNet implementation, the proposed VSAT Bandwidth-on-Demand solution, and proposals to the EICTDA with respect to the creation of ICT operational and support capacity. Addis Ababa: Ministry of Capacity Building.
De Certeau, M. (1984). The practice of everyday life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Deibert, R., Palfrey, J., Rohozinski, R., & Zittrain, J. (2008). Access denied: the practice and policy of global Internet filtering. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Deibert, R., Palfrey, J., Rohozinski, R., & Zittrain, J. (2010). Access controlled: the shaping of power, rights, and rule in cyberspace. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Deibert, R., Palfrey, J., Rohozinski, R., & Zittrain, J. (2012). Access contested: security, identity, and resistance in Asian cyberspace. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Deutsch, K. W. (1953). Nationalism and social communication: An inquiry into the foundations of nationality. Cambridge: MIT Press.
de Waal, A. (2013a). The theory and practice of Meles Zenawi. African Affairs, 112(446), 148–155.
de Waal, A. (2013b). The theory and practice of Meles Zenawi: A reply to to René Lefort. African Affairs, 112(448), 471–475.
Di Nunzio, M. (2014). ‘Do not cross the red line’: The 2010 general elections, dissent, and political mobilization in urban Ethiopia. African Affairs, adu029.
EICTDA. (2005). Monitoring and evaluation report on ICT laws enacted and ICT business status in major towns of Ethiopia (2005).
EICTDA. (2008). Information and Communication Technology Assisted Development Project (ICTAD) mid term evaluation report. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian ICT Development Agency.
EICTDA. (2009). Monitoring and evaluation report on ICT laws enacted and ICT business status in major towns of Ethiopia (2008).
Elbadawi, I., & Sambanis, N. (2000). Why are there so many civil wars in Africa? Understanding and preventing violent conflict. Journal of African Economies, 9(3), 244–269.
Emmenegger, R., Keno, S., & Hagmann, T. (2011). Decentralization to the household: expansion and limits of state power in rural Oromiya. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 5(4), 733–754. http://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2011.642530.
Engida, K. A. (2007). The new fundamental concepts of civic and ethical education for secondary school grade 9 and 10. Addis Ababa: Aster Nega Publishing Enterprise.
EU-EOM. (2005). Ethiopia legislative elections 2005 final report; preliminary statement on the election appeal’s process, the re-run of elections and the Somali regional elections, 25 August 2005. Brussels: European Union Election Observer Mission.
Farah, D., & Mosher, A. (2010). Winds from the East. How the People’s Republic of China seeks to influence the media in Africa, Latin America and Southeast Asia. Washington, DC: Center for International Media Assistance.
Featherstone, M. (1990). Global culture: Nationalism, globalization and modernity (Vol. 2). London: Sage.
Feenberg, A. (1991). Critical theory of technology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Feenberg, A. (1999). Questioning technology. London: Routledge.
Finnegan, R. (1970). Oral literature in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Finnemore, M. (1993). International organizations as teachers of norms. International Organization, 47(4), 565–597.
Finnemore, M. (1996). National interests in international society. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Fisher, J. (2015). Writing about Rwanda since the genocide: Knowledge, power and ‘truth’. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, 9(1), 134–145.
Flyvbjerg, B., Bruzelius, N., & Rothengatter, W. (2003). Megaprojects and risk: An anatomy of ambition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fu, X. (2008). Foreign direct investment, absorptive capacity and regional innovation capabilities: evidence from China. Oxford Development Studies, 36(1), 89–110.
Fu, X., Pietrobelli, C., & Soete, L. (2011). The role of foreign technology and indigenous innovation in the emerging economies: Technological change and catching-up. World Development, 39(7), 1204–1212.
Furzey, J. (1995). A critical examination of the social, economic, technical and policy issues, with respect to the expansion or initiation of information and communications infrastructure in Ethiopia [Electronic Version]. Empowering socio-economic development in Africa utilizing information technology.
Gabre-Madhin, E. (2012). A market for Abdu: Creating a commodity exchange in Ethiopia. IFPRI.
Gagliardone, I. (2013). China and the African internet: Perspectives from Kenya and Ethiopia/China y el internet africano: Perspectivas desde Kenia y Etiopía. Index. Comunicación, 3(2), 67–82.
Gagliardone, I. (2014). New media and the developmental state in Ethiopia. African Affairs, 113(451), 279–299.
Gagliardone, I. (2015). Media development with Chinese characteristics. Global Media Journal, 4(2), 1–16.
Gagliardone, I., Repnikova, M., & Stremlau, N. (2010). China in Africa: a new approach to media development? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gagliardone, I., Stremlau, N., & Nkrumah, D. (2012). Partner, prototype or persuader? China’s renewed media engagement with Ghana. Communication, Politics & Culture, 45(2).
Gamson, W. A., & Modigliani, A. (1989). Media discourse and public opinion on nuclear power: A constructionist approach. American Journal of Sociology, 1–37.
Gao, P., & Lyytinen, K. (2000). Transformation of China’s telecommunications sector: a macro perspective. Telecommunications Policy, 24(8), 719–730.
Gelaye, G. (1999). Peasant poetics and state discourse in Ethiopia: Amharic oral poetry as a response to the 1996–97 Land Redistribution Policy. Northeast African Studies, 6(1–2), 171–206.
Gellner, E. (2006). Nations and nationalism.Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: outline of the theory of structuration. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Goffman, E. (1974). Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Goldstone, J. (2001). Toward a fourth generation of revolutionary theory. Annual Review of Political Science, 4, 139–187.
Government of Ethiopia. Telecom Fraud Offences Proclamation (2012).
Gramsci, A. (1975). Quaderni dal carcere.
Green, D. (2002). Constructivist comparative politics: foundations and framework. In Green, D. (Ed.), Constructivism and comparative politics. London: M.E. Sharpe.
Greenwald, G. (2014). No place to hide. New York; London: Penguin.
Groshek, J. (2009). The democratic effects of the internet, 1994—2003 A Cross-National inquiry of 152 countries. International Communication Gazette, 71(3), 115–136.
Gudina, M. (2003). Ethiopia. Competing ethnic nationalisms and the quest for democracy, 1960–2000. Addis Ababa: Chamber Printing House.
Haas, P. (1992). Introduction: epistemic communities and internatinal policy coordination. International Organization, 46(1), 1–35.
Hafkin, N. (2002). The African information society initiative: A seven-year assessment (1996–2002). Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, 1(2), 101–142.
Hagmann, T. (2006). Ethiopian political culture strikes back: A rejoinder to J. Abbink. African Affairs, 105(421), 605–612.
Harlow, S., & Johnson, T. J. (2011). The Arab spring: Overthrowing the protest paradigm? How The New York Times, Global Voices and Twitter covered the Egyptian revolution. International Journal of Communication, 5, 16.
Haque, S. (2004). Draft report on rural connectivity planning and related locally sustainable technologies. Addis Ababa: ICT – Assisted Development Project/World Bank.
Hecht, G. (1998). The radiance of France: nuclear power and national identity after World War II. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hecht, G. (2001). Technology, politics, and national identity in France. In Allen, M. & Hecht, G. (Eds.), Technologies of power: essays in honor of Thomas Parke Hughes and Agatha Chipley Hughes. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Heeks, R. (2002). Information systems and developing countries: failure, success, and local improvisations. The Information Society, 18, 101–112.
Hindman, M. (2008). The myth of digital democracy. Princeton University Press.
Hintjens, H. (2014). As if There Were Two Rwandas: Polarized Research Agendas on Post-genocide Rwanda. Conflict, Peace, Security and Development: Theories and Methodologies, 133–149.
Howard, P. N. (2010). The digital origins of dictatorship and democracy: Information technology and political Islam: Information technology and political Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hughes, T. P. (1983). Networks of power: electrification in Western society, 1880–1930. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Hughes, T. P. (1987). The evolution of large technological systems. In Bijker, W. E., Hughes, T. P., & Pinch, T. J. (Eds.), The social construction of technological systems: new directions in the sociology and history of technology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Hyden, G., Leslie, M., & Ogundimu, F. F. (2002). Media and democracy in Africa. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
Ignatieff, M. (2010). Blood and belonging: Journeys into the new nationalism. New York: Random House.
International Commission of Jurists. (2009). Assessing damage, urging action. Report of the eminent jurists panel on terrorism, counter-terrorism and human rights. Geneva.
International Crisis Group. (2009). Ethiopia: Ethnic federalism and its discontents. International Crisis Group.
ITU. (2015). Information society statistical profiles: Africa.
Joerges, B. (1988). Large technical systems: concepts and issues. In Hughes, T. P. & Mayntz, R. (Eds.), The development of large technical systems, 9–36. Köln: Campus Verlag.
Kagwanja, P., & Southall, R. (2009). Introduction: Kenya–a democracy in retreat? Journal of Contemporary African Studies, 27(3), 259–277.
Kahler, M. (2009). Networked politics: agency, power, and governance. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kalathil, S., & Boas, T. C. (2003). Open networks closed regimes. The impact of the internet on authoritarian rule. (C. endowement for international peace, Ed.). Washington: Carnegie Endowement for International Peace.
Kebede, T. (1994). Information technology in Ethiopia. In Drew, E. & Foster, G. (Eds.), Information technology in selected countries. Tokyo: The United Nations University.
Keck, M., & Sikkink, K. (1998). Activists beyond borders: advocacy networks in international politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Keller, E. J., & Smith, L. (2005). Obstacles to implementing territorial decentralization: The first decade of Ethiopian federalism. Sustainable Peace: Power and Democracy after Civil Wars, 265–291.
Kelsall, T. (2013). Business, politics and the state in Africa: challenging the orthodoxies on growth and transformation. London: Zed Books Ltd.
Klotz, A. (2002). Transnational activism and global transformations: The anti-apartheid and abolitionist experiences. European Journal of International Relations, 8(1), 49–76.
Kymlicka, W. (2001). Politics in the vernacular: Nationalism, multiculturalism, and citizenship. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Laclau, E., & Mouffe, C. (1985). Hegemony and socialist strategy. Towards a radical democratic politics. London: Verso.
Lane, R. (1992). Political culture residual category or general theory? Comparative Political Studies, 25(3), 362–387.
Latour, B. (1992). Where are the missing masses? The sociology of a few mundane artifacts. In Bijker, W. E. & Law, J. (Eds.), Shaping technology/building society. Studies in sociotechnical change. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Latour, B. (2005). Reassembling the social: an introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Law, J., & Hassard, J. (1999). Actor network theory and after. Oxford: Blackwell.
Lefort, R. (2013). The theory and practice of Meles Zenawi: A response to Alex de Waal. African Affairs, 112(448), 460–470.
Leftwich, A. (1995). Bringing politics back in: Towards a model of the developmental state. The Journal of Development Studies, 31(3).
Leonard, M. (2008). What does China think? London: Fourth Estate.
Levine, D. (1965). Wax and Gold: Tradition and Innovation in Ethiopian Culture. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Lyons, T. (2007). Conflict-generated diasporas and transnational politics in Ethiopia. Conflict, Security & Development, 7(4), 529–549.
MacKinnon, R. (2008). Cyber zone. Index on Censorship, 37(2), 82–89.
MacKinnon, R. (2012). Consent of the networked: The worldwide struggle for internet freedom. Politique étrangère, 50(2).
Mansell, R., & Silverstone, R. (1996). Communication by design: the politics of information and communication technologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Markakis, J., & Ayele, N. (1986). Class and revolution in Ethiopia. Trenton: Red Sea Press.
McKenna, B., & Graham, P. (2000). Technocratic discourse: A primer. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication, 30(3), 219–247.
McLeod, D. M., & Hertog, J. K. (1999). Social control, social change and the mass media’s role in the regulation of protest groups. Mass Media, Social Control, and Social Change: A Macrosocial Perspective, 305–330.
McVety, A. K. (2012). Enlightened aid: US development as foreign policy in Ethiopia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Meijerink, G., Bulte, E., & Alemu, D. (2014). Formal institutions and social capital in value chains: The case of the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange. Food Policy, 49, 1–12.
Mekuria, I. (2008, 17.02.2008). to tech enhancement. Fortune Government lifts computer taxes with view, pp. 1–15.
Mengisteab, K. (1997). New approaches to state building in Africa: The case of Ethiopia’s ethnic-based federalism. African Studies Review, 40(3), 111–132.
Menkhaus, K. (2007). The crisis in Somalia: Tragedy in five acts. African Affairs, 106(424), 357–390.
Menkhaus, K. (2013). Somalia: State collapse and the threat of terrorism. Routledge.
Mkandawire, T. (2001). Thinking about developmental states in Africa. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 25(3), 289–313.
Mohan, G. (2013). Beyond the enclave: Towards a critical political economy of China and Africa. Development and Change, 44(6), 1255–1272.
Mueller, M. (1997). China in the information age: Telecommunications and the dilemmas of reform. Greenwood Publishing Group.
Mueller, M. (2010). Network and states. The global politics of internet governance. Cambridge; London: MIT Press.
Negroponte, N. (1995). Being Digital. New York: Vintage Books.
Nelson, M. (1997). War of the black heavens: the battles of Western broadcasting in the cold war. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.
Nisbet, E. C., Stoycheff, E., & Pearce, K. E. (2012). Internet use and democratic demands: A multinational, multilevel model of internet use and citizen attitudes about democracy. Journal of Communication, 62(2), 249–265. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2012.01627.x.
Nkurunziza, J. D. (2008). Civil war and post-conflict reconstruction in Africa. In United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva.
Nulens, G., & Van Audenhove, L. (1999). An information society in Africa? An analysis of the information society policy ot the World Bank, ITU and ECA. Gazette, 61(6), 451–471.
Nyamnjoh, F. (2005). Africa’s media, democracy and the politics of belonging. London: Zed books.
Orlikowski, W. J. (1992). The duality of technology: Rethinking the concept of technology in organizations. Organization Science, 3(3), 398–427.
Ottaway, M. (2003). Democracy challenged: the rise of semi-authoritarianism. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Pausewang, S., Tronvoll, K., & Aalen, L. (2002). Ethiopia since the Derg: a decade of democratic pretension and performance. London: Zed.
Pinch, T. J., Ashmore, M., & Mulkay, M. (1992). Technology, testing, text: clinical budgeting in the UK National Health Service. In Bijker, W. E. & Law, J. (Eds.), Shaping technology/building society. Studies in sociotechnical change. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Pippin, R. B. (1995). On the notion of technology as ideology. In Feenberg, A. & Hannay, A. (Eds.), Technology and the politics of knowledge, 43–61.
Pool, I. de S. (1983). Technologies of freedom. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
Risse-Kappen, T. (1994). Ideas do not float freely: transnational coalitions, domestic structures, and the end of the cold war. International Organization, 48(2), 185–214.
Risse-Kappen, T. (1995). Bringing transnational relations back in: non-state actors, domestic structures and international institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Samara, N. (1999). Paper presented at the African Development Forum, Addis Ababa.
Schmidt, E., & Cohen, J. (2013). The new digital age: Reshaping the future of people, nations and business. London: Hachette.
Schumpeter, J. (1954). The theory of economic development. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Scott, J. C. (1998). Seeing like a state: How certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed. Yale University Press.
Segers, K., Dessein, J., Hagberg, S., Develtere, P., Haile, M., & Deckers, J. (2009). Be like bees: the politics of mobilizing farmers for development in Tigray, Ethiopia. African Affairs, 108(430), 91–109.
Shade, L., & Dechief, D. (2004). Canada's Schoolnet. Wiring up schools? In Carr- Chellman, A. (Ed.), Global perspectives on e-learning: rhetoric and reality. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Skjerdal, T. S. (2011). Journalists or activists? Self-identity in the Ethiopian diaspora online community. Journalism, 12(6), 727–744.
Smith, A. D. (1995). Nations and nationalism in a global era (Vol. 83). Cambridge: Polity Press.
Smith, A. D., & Smith, A. (2003). Nationalism and modernism. London: Routledge.
Snow, D. A., & Benford, R. D. (1992). Master frames and cycles of protest. Frontiers in social movement theory, 133–155.
Snow, D. A., Rochford, E. B. Jr, Worden, S. K., & Benford, R. D. (1986). Frame alignment processes, micromobilization, and movement participation. American Sociological Review, 464–481.
Sparks, C. (2007). Globalization, development and the mass media. London: Sage.
Strang, D., & Meyer, J. (1993). Institutional conditions for diffusion. Theory and Society, 22, 487–511.
Stremlau, N. (2011). The press and the political restructuring of Ethiopia. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 5(4), 716–732.
Stremlau, N. (2012). Somalia: Media law in the absence of a state. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 8(2–3), 2–3.
Stremlau, N., Blanchard, M., & Abdi Gabobe, Y. (2009). The role of the media in the upcoming Somaliland elections: Lessons from Kenya. London: Stanhope centre.
Suchman, L. (1994). Do categories have politics? Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), 2(3), 177–190.
Tadesse, M., & Young, J. (2003). TPLF: reform or decline? Review of African Political Economy, 30(97), 389–403.
Tan-Mullins, M., Mohan, G., & Power, M. (2010). Redefining ‘aid’ in the China–Africa context. Development and Change, 41(5), 857–881.
Tareke, G. (1991). Ethiopia, power and protest: peasant revolts in the twentieth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Tegegne, G.-E. (1998). The influences of decentralization on some aspects of local and regional development planning in Ethiopia. Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review, 14(1), 33–63.
Teshome, W. (2009). A critical look into the Ethiopian elections. International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2), 80–95.
Thompson, M. (2004). ICT, poverty and developmental discourse: a critical analysis. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries, 20(4), 1–25.
Toffler, A. (1980). The third wave. London: Collins.
Tronvoll, K. (2012). The “new” Ethiopia: Changing discourses of democracy. In Tronvoll, K. & Hagmann, T. (Eds.), Contested power in Ethiopia. Traditional autorities and multi-party elections, 269–288. Leiden: Brill.
Truman, H. (1949). Inaugural address. Washington: Harry S. Truman Library and Museum.
Tsega, T. (2010). Ethiopian Commodity Exchange (ECX)-Connecting farmers to the market.
Tufekci, Z., & Wilson, C. (2012). Social media and the decision to participate in political protest: Observations from Tahrir Square. Journal of Communication, 62(2), 363–379.
Turton, D. (2006). Ethnic federalism. The Ethiopian experience in a comparative perspective. Oxford: James Currey.
UNDP. (2015). MDG Report 2015. Assessing progress in Africa toward the millenium development goals. New York.
UN Security Council. Resolution 1373 (2001).
Vaughan, S. (2003). Ethnicity and power in Ethiopia. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh.
Vaughan, S. (2006). Responses to ethnic federalism in Ethiopia's Southern region. In Turton, D. (Ed.), Ethnic federalism. The Ethiopian experience in a comparative perspective. Oxford: James Currey.
Vaughan, S. (2011). Revolutionary democratic state-building: party, state and people in the EPRDF’s Ethiopia. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 5(4), 619–640.
Vaughan, S., & Gebremichael, M. (2011). Rethinking business and politics in Ethiopia. Africa Power and Politics, UK Aid, Irish Aid.
Vaughan, S., & Tronvoll, K. (2003). The culture of power in contemporary Ethiopian political life. Retrieved April 9, 2012, from www.sida.org.
von Bogdandy, A., Häußler, S., Hanschmann, F., & Utz, R. (2005). State-building, nation-building, and constitutional politics in post-conflict situations: conceptual clarifications and an appraisal of different approaches. In von Bogdandy, A. & Wolfrum, R. (Eds.), Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law (Vol. 9, pp. 579–613).
Weinberger, H. (2001). The neutrality flagpole: Swedish neutrality policy and technological alliances, 1945–1970. In Allen, M. & Hecht, G. (Eds.), Technologies of power: essays in honor of Thomas Parke Hughes and Agatha Chipley Hughes. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Wilson, C., & Dunn, A. (2011). Digital media in the Egyptian revolution: Descriptive analysis from the Tahrir data sets. International Journal of Communication, 5, 1248–1272.
Winner, L. (1980). Do artifacts have politics? Dedalus, 109(1), 121–136.
World Bank. (2004a). Project appraisal document on a proposed credit in the amount of SDR 17.1 million (US$ 25 million equivalent) to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for a Information and Communication Technology Assisted Development Project.
World Bank. (2004b). Project appraisal document on a proposed credit in the amount of SDR 66.9 million (US$ 100 million equivalent) to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for a Public Sector Capacity Building Program support project.
World Bank. (2007). Implementation completion and result report on a credit in the amount of US $ .55 million to the government of the Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for a distance learning LIL project. Addis Ababa: World Bank.
Wu, T. (2010). The Master Switch. The rise and fall of information empires. London: Atlantic Books.
Yang, G. (2013). The power of the internet in China: Citizen activism online. Columbia University Press.
Young, J. (1997). Peasant revolution in Ethiopia. The Tigray People’s Liberation Front, 1975–1991. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Zenawi, M. (1999). Statement by H.E. Ato Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on African Challenges and Visions for Development. In African Development Forum.
Zenawi, M. (2012). State and markets: neoliberal limitations and the case for a developmental state. In Noman, A., Botchwey, K., Stein, H., & Stiglitz, J. (Eds.), Good growth and governance in Africa: Rethinking development strategies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Zewde, B. (2002). Pioneers of change in Ethiopia. The reformist intellectuals of the early twentieth century. Addis Ababa: Addis Ababa University Press.
Zhang, B. (2002). Understanding China’s telecommunications policymaking and reforms: a tale of transition toward liberalization. Telematics and Informatics, 19(4), 331–349.
Zhao, Y. (2008). Communication in China: Political economy, power, and conflict. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.