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    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Morales, Laura V. Sevillano-Rios, Cristian Steven Fick, Stephen and Young, Truman P. 2018. Differential seedling regeneration patterns across forest-grassland ecotones in two tropical treeline species (Polylepis spp.). Austral Ecology,


    Sklenář, Petr 2017. Seasonal variation of freezing resistance mechanisms in north-temperate alpine plants. Alpine Botany, Vol. 127, Issue. 1, p. 31.


    Asner, Gregory P. Martin, Roberta E. Anderson, Christopher B. Kryston, Katherine Vaughn, Nicholas Knapp, David E. Bentley, Lisa Patrick Shenkin, Alexander Salinas, Norma Sinca, Felipe Tupayachi, Raul Quispe Huaypar, Katherine Montoya Pillco, Milenka Ccori Álvarez, Flor Delis Díaz, Sandra Enquist, Brian J. and Malhi, Yadvinder 2017. Scale dependence of canopy trait distributions along a tropical forest elevation gradient. New Phytologist, Vol. 214, Issue. 3, p. 973.


    Hribljan, John A. Suárez, Esteban Heckman, Katherine A. Lilleskov, Erik A. and Chimner, Rodney A. 2016. Peatland carbon stocks and accumulation rates in the Ecuadorian páramo. Wetlands Ecology and Management, Vol. 24, Issue. 2, p. 113.


    Asner, Gregory P. and Martin, Roberta E. 2016. Convergent elevation trends in canopy chemical traits of tropical forests. Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue. 6, p. 2216.


    Sánchez-Baracaldo, Patricia Thomas, Gavin H. and Joly, Simon 2014. Adaptation and Convergent Evolution within the Jamesonia-Eriosorus Complex in High-Elevation Biodiverse Andean Hotspots. PLoS ONE, Vol. 9, Issue. 10, p. e110618.


    Ladinig, Ursula Hacker, Jürgen Neuner, Gilbert and Wagner, Johanna 2013. How endangered is sexual reproduction of high-mountain plants by summer frosts? Frost resistance, frequency of frost events and risk assessment. Oecologia, Vol. 171, Issue. 3, p. 743.


    Sklenář, P Kučerová, A Macek, P and Macková, J 2012. The frost-resistance mechanism in páramo plants is related to geographic origin. New Zealand Journal of Botany, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 391.


    Grabherr, Georg Gottfried, Michael and Pauli, Harald 2010. Climate Change Impacts in Alpine Environments. Geography Compass, Vol. 4, Issue. 8, p. 1133.


    SKLENÁŘ, PETR KUČEROVÁ, ANDREA MACEK, PETR and MACKOVÁ, JANA 2010. Does plant height determine the freezing resistance in the páramo plants?. Austral Ecology, Vol. 35, Issue. 8, p. 929.


    Bannister, Peter 2007. Godley review: A touch of frost? Cold hardiness of plants in the southern hemisphere. New Zealand Journal of Botany, Vol. 45, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    Márquez, Edjuly J. Rada, Fermín and Fariñas, Mario R. 2006. Freezing tolerance in grasses along an altitudinal gradient in the Venezuelan Andes. Oecologia, Vol. 150, Issue. 3, p. 393.


    Bannister, Peter Maegli, Tanja Dickinson, Katharine J. M. Halloy, Stephan R. P. Knight, Allison Lord, Janice M. Mark, Alan F. and Spencer, Katrina L. 2005. Will loss of snow cover during climatic warming expose New Zealand alpine plants to increased frost damage?. Oecologia, Vol. 144, Issue. 2, p. 245.


    Nobel, Park S. and De la Barrera, Erick 2003. Tolerances and acclimation to low and high temperatures for cladodes, fruits and roots of a widely cultivated cactus, Opuntia ficus-indica. New Phytologist, Vol. 157, Issue. 2, p. 271.


    OMORI, YUJI TAKAYAMA, HARUO and OHBA, HIDEAKI 2000. Selective light transmittance of translucent bracts in the Himalayan giant glasshouse plant Rheum nobile Hook.f. & Thomson (Polygonaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 132, Issue. 1, p. 19.


    Castrillo, Marisol and Simoes, Milton 1997. Leaf non-structural carbohydrates and leaf dry weight per area in three altitudinal populations ofEspeletia schultzii WEDD. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica, Vol. 32, Issue. 4, p. 355.


    Diemer, Matthias 1996. Microclimatic convergence of high-elevation tropical páramo and temperate-zone alpine environments. Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 7, Issue. 6, p. 821.


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  • Print publication year: 1994
  • Online publication date: October 2009

5 - Cold tolerance in tropical alpine plants

Summary

Introduction

‘Summer every day and winter every night’ (Hedberg 1964) is a brief but succinct characterization of the tropical alpine climate, pointing to the fact that the amplitude of the daily temperature oscillation by far exceeds that of the monthly mean values. Although cloudiness exerts a mitigating effect on the daily temperature extremes during the rainy seasons, nocturnal frost may occur throughout almost all of the year at altitudes above 4000 m. Therefore tropical alpine plants must maintain mechanisms of permanent frost hardiness which differ considerably from those providing the overwintering plants of temperate climates with seasonal frost resistance. Whereas, for example, in Norway spruce the frost-hardy state is characterized by a high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids in the membrane lipids (Senser 1982), by a shift from photosynthetic starch formation to the production of sucrose and its galactosides (Kandler et al 1979), by a reduced capability of photosynthetic electron transport (Senser & Beck 1979) and by a suspension of growth activity, tropical alpine plants must combine physiological features providing frost resistance with continuously high rates of photosynthesis and growth.

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Tropical Alpine Environments
  • Online ISBN: 9780511551475
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511551475
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