Books and Articles
Ahluwalia, Montek S. 2001. State Level Performance under Economic Reforms in India. Stanford CREDR Working Paper, March
1999. Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions. Quarterly Journal of Economics 114, 4 (November): 1243–84, , and .
Allport, Gordon W. 1997. The Nature of Prejudice. 1954. Reprint, Boston: Addison Wesley
Anifowose, Remi. 1982. Violence and Politics in Nigeria: The Tiv and Yoruba Experience. New York: Nok Publishers
Bagchi, Amaresh. 1997. Fiscal Management: The Federal Dimension of Developing Countries. In Parthasarathi Shome, ed., Fiscal Policy, Public Policy and Governance. Symposium to commemorate the 20th Anniversary of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, December 5–6. New Delhi: Centax: 273–97
Bagchi, Amiya Kumar. 1990. Predatory Commercialization and Communalism in India. In S. Gopal, ed., Anatomy of a Confrontation. New Delhi: Penguin: 193–218
1980. Reality of Communal Riot: Class Conflict between the Haves of Hindus and Muslims. Indian Journal of Political Science 41, 1: 100–14.
Banu, Zenab. 1989. Politics of Communalism. Bombay: Popular Prakashan
Bardon, Jonathan. 1982. Belfast: An Illustrated History. Dundonald: Blackstaff Press
Barnett, Marguerite Ross. 1976. The Politics of Cultural Nationalism in South India. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Bartlett, Robert. 1993. The Making of Europe: Conquest Colonization and Cultural Change, 950–1350. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Bates, Robert H. 1983. Modernization, Ethnic Competition and the Rationality of Politics in Contemporary Africa. In Donald Rothchild and Victor Olorunsola, eds., State versus Ethnic Claims: African Policy Dilemmas. Boulder: Westview Press: 152–71
Bartolini, Stefano. 1996. Enfranchisement, Equality and Turnout in the European Democratisation Process: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis. EUI Working Paper no. 121. Barcelona
Bayly, C. A. 1988. Ruler, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770–1870. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
1996. How Nationalisms Spread: Eastern Europe Adrift the Tides and Cycles of Nationalist Contention. Social Research 63, 1: 97–146.
1998. Nationalist Violence and the State: Political Authority and Contentious Repertoires in the Former USSR. Comparative Politics 30, 4: 401–22
Belknap, Michal R., ed. 1991. Civil Rights: The White House and the Justice Department, 1945–1968. New York: Garland
1986. Politics and the Refugee Experience. Political Science Quarterly 101, 4: 617–36.
Bhattacharya, Mohit. 1997. Reservation Policy: The West Bengal Scene. In V. A. Pai Panandikar, ed., The Politics of Backwardness: Reservation Policy in India. New Delhi: Konark: 183–219
Biographical Encyclopedia of Pakistan, 1960–61. 1961. Lahore: International Publishers
Bohr, Annette, and Simon Crisp. 1996. Kyrgyzstan and the Kyrgyz. In Graham Smith, ed., The Nationalities Question in the Post-Soviet States. New York: Longman: 385–409
1988. Gender, Household and Community Politics: Women in English Riots, 1790–1810. Past and Present 120: 88–122.
Brass, Paul R. 1973. Radical Parties of the Left in Bihar: A Comparison of the SSP and the CPI. In Paul R. Brass and Marcus F. Franda, eds., Radical Politics in South Asia. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press: 325–400
Brass, Paul R. 1974. Language, Religion and Politics in North India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Brass, Paul R. 1990. The Politics of India since Independence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Brass, Paul R. 1991. Ethnic Conflict in Multiethnic Societies: The Consociational Solution and Its Critics. In Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison. London: Sage: 333–48
Brass, Paul R. 1997. Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Study of Collective Violence. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Bremmer, Ian, and Ray Taras, eds. 1993. Nations and Politics in the Soviet Successor States. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Breuilly, John. 1994. Nationalism and the State. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Brodkin, Karen. 2000. How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says about Race in America. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press
Brown, Judith. 1985. Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Brown, Rupert. 1995. Prejudice: Its Social Psychology. Oxford: Blackwell
Bunce, Valerie. 1996. From State Socialism to State Disintegration: A Comparison of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. Paper presented at the conference on “Democracy, Markets and Civil Societies in Post-1989 East Central Europe,” Harvard University, May 17–19
1989. Community Integration and Stability in Multinational Yugoslavia. American Political Science Review 83, 2: 535–55, and .
Butler, David, Ashok Lahiri, and Prannoy Roy. 1995. India Decides: Elections, 1952–1995. New Delhi: Books and Things
Carmines, Edward G., and James A. Stimson. 1989. Race and the Transformation of American Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Carroll, Charles. 1932. Rhode Island: Three Centuries of Democracy. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company
Centre for Policy Studies. 1993. Crying Peace Where There Is None? The Functioning and Future of Local Peace Committees of the National Peace Accord. Research Report no. 31 (Transition Series). Johannesburg
1998. Party Aggregation and the Number of Parties in India and the United States. American Political Science Review 92, 2: 329–42, and .
Cohen, Gary Bennett. 1975. The Prague Germans, 1861–1914: The Problems of Ethnic Survival. Ph. D. dissertation, Princeton University
Comber, Leon. 1983. 13 May 1969: A Historical Survey of Sino-Malay Relations. Kuala Lumpur: Heinemann
Connolly, S. J. 1989. Mass Politics and Sectarian Conflict, 1823–30. In W. E. Vaughan, ed., A New History of Ireland, 6 5, Ireland under the Union, I, 1801–70. Oxford: Clarendon Press: 74–107
1978. Interpersonal and Attitudinal Outcomes in Cooperating Interracial groups. Journal of Research and Development in Education 12: 97–113
Cox, Gary W. 1998a. Electoral Rules and the Calculus of Mobilization. Paper presented at the Shambaugh Comparative Legislative Research Conference, Iowa City, Iowa, April 16–19. Available at 〈http://gcox.ucsd.edu/iomob4.htm〉
Cox, Gary W. 1998b. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
1989. Closeness, Expenditures, and Turnout in the 1982 U.S. House Elections. American Political Science Review 83, 1: 217–32, and .
Cribb, Robert. 1991. Problems in the Historiography of the Killings in Indonesia. In Robert Cribb, ed., The Indonesian Killings, 1965–66: Studies from Java and Bali. Melbourne: Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University: 1–44
Crossman, Virginia. 1996. Politics, Law and Order in Nineteenth-Century Ireland. New York: St. Martin's Press
Damodaran, Vinita. 1992. Broken Promises: Popular Protest, Indian Nationalism and the Congress Party in Bihar, 1935–1946. Delhi: Oxford University Press
Das, Arvind S. 1992. The Republic of Bihar. New Delhi: Penguin
Das, Durga. 1970. India from Curzon to Nehru and After. New York: John Day
Das, Suranjan. 1993. Communal Riots in Bengal, 1905–1947. Delhi: Oxford University Press
2000. The 1992 Calcutta Riot in Historical Continuum: A Relapse into ‘Communal Fury’?Modern Asian Studies 34, 2: 281–306.
Dayal, Rajeshwar. 1998. A Life of Our Times. Delhi: Orient Longman
1991. The One and the Many. Review of Aleksa Djilas's The Contested Country: Yugoslav Unity and Communist Revolution, 1919–1953 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991). New Republic, October 7: 29–36.
1990. The Need for Reservations: A Reply to Shourie and Others. Lokayan Bulletin 8, 4–5: 9–33.
1998. Caste and the Census: Implications for Society and the Social Sciences. Economic and Political Weekly, August 8: 2157–59, and .
DiPasquale, Denise, and Edward L. Glaeser. 1996. The L. A. Riot and the Economics of Urban Unrest. NBER Working Paper no. W5456, February
Diskin, Abraham. 1991. Elections and Voters in Israel. New York: Praeger
Dorosin, Joshua L. 1990. Romania: A Dream Deferred, the 1990 Elections and Prospects for Future Democracy. Washington, D.C.: International Foundation for Electoral Systems
D'Souza, Victor S. 1978. Status Groups among the Moplahs on the South-West Coast of India. In Imtiaz Ahmed, ed., Caste and Social Stratification among Muslims in India. New Delhi: Manohar: 41–56
1999. Africa's Growth Tragedy: Policies and Ethnic Divisions. Quarterly Journal of Economics 114, 4: 1203–50, and .
Elazar, Daniel J. 1979. The Role of Federalism in Political Integration. In Daniel J. Elazar, ed., Federalism and Political Integration. Jerusalem: Institute for Federalism: 1–13
1982. Non-Spatial Candidate Characteristics and Electoral Competition. Journal of Politics 44, 1: 115–30, and .
Engineer, Ashgar Ali. 1984. The Causes of Communal Riots in the Post-Partition Period in India. In Ashgar Ali Engineer, ed., Communal Riots in Post-Independence India. Hyderabad: Sangam Books: 33–41
1992a. Communal Riots in Ahmedabad. Economic and Political Weekly, August 1–8: 1641–43.
1992b. Banaras Rocked by Communal Violence. Economic and Political Weekly, March 7–14: 509–11.
1993. Bombay Riots: Second Phase. Economic and Political Weekly, March 20–27: 505–8.
1994. Communal Violence in Kanpur. Economic and Political Weekly, February 26: 473–74.
Engineer, Ashgar Ali. 1995. The Bhagalpur Riots II. Hindu, June 23
Feldberg, Michael. 1980. The Turbulent Era: Riot and Disorder in Jacksonian America. New York: Oxford University Press
Forbes, H. D. 1997. Ethnic Conflict: Commerce, Culture and the Contact Hypothesis. New Haven: Yale University Press
Gabriel, Theodore. 1996. Hindu-Muslim Relations in North Malabar, 1498–1947. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edward Mellen
Gadgil, N. V. 1968. Government from Inside. Meerut: Meenakshi Prakashan
Gagliano, Felix V. 1970. Communal Violence in Malaysia 1969: The Political Aftermath. Athens: Ohio University Center for International Studies Southeast Asia Program
1994. Food Riots in Germany in the Late 1840s. Past and Present 145: 157–93.
Galanter, Marc. 1991. Competing Equalities: Law and the Backward Classes in India. 2nd ed. Delhi: Oxford University Press
Gallagher, Tom. 1995. Romania after Ceaucescu: The Politics of Intolerance. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Ghosh, Partha S. 1989. Cooperation and Conflict in South Asia. New Delhi: Manohar
Ghosh, Pratap Kumar. 1966. The Constitution of India: How It Has Been Framed. Calcutta: World Press
Ghosh, S. K. 1972. Riots: Prevention and Control. Calcutta: Eastern Law House
Ghosh, S. K., and K. F. Rustamji, eds. 1994. Encyclopaedia of Police in India. Vol. 2, sect. A. New Delhi: Ashish
Glaser, James M. 1996. Race, Campaign Politics and the Realignment in the South. New Haven: Yale University Press
Gomango, Giridhar. 1992. Constitutional Provisions for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Bombay: Himalaya Publishing
Gopal, Sarvepalli. 1979. Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography. Vol. 2, 1947–1956. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
Gopal, Sarvepalli. 1983. Jawaharlal Nehru: An Anthology. Delhi: Oxford University Press
Gopal, Sarvepalli. 1984. Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography. Vol. 3. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
Gould, Harold A. 1994. Grass Roots Politics in India: A Century of Political Evolution in Faizabad District. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH
Gower, Robert. 1937. The Hungarian Minorities in the Succession States. London: Grant Richards
Gupta, Raghuraj. 1976. Hindu-Muslim Relations. Lucknow: Ethnographic and Folk Culture Society, U.P.
Gurr, Ted Robert, and Barbara Harff. 1994. Ethnic Conflict in World Politics. Boulder: Westview Press
Gwyer, Maurice, and A. Appadorai, eds. 1957. Speeches and Documents on the Indian Constitution. Vol. 1, 1921–1947. Bombay: Ernest Benn
1996. Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia: The 1990 Indo-Pakistani Crisis. International Security 20, 3: 79–114
Hardin, Russell. 1995. One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict. Princeton: Princeton University Press
Harris, Peter, and Ben Reilly, eds. 1998. Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators. Stockholm: IDEA
Hasan, Mushirul. 1997. Legacy of a Divided Nation: India's Muslims since Independence. Delhi: Oxford University Press
Helsinki Watch. 1993. Struggling for Ethnic Identity: Ethnic Hungarians in Post-Ceaucescu Romania. Human Rights Watch
1993. On the Nuclear Edge. New Yorker, March 29: 56–73
Hitchins, Keith. 1994. Rumania, 1866–1947. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Hoppen, K. Theodore. 1984. Elections, Politics, and Society in Ireland, 1832–1885. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 268–69
Horowitz, Donald L. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press
Horowitz, Donald A. 1991. A Democratic South Africa: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society. Berkeley: University of California Press
Horowitz, Donald L. 2001. The Deadly Ethnic Riot. Berkeley: University of California Press
Human Rights Watch. 1994. We Have No Orders to Save You: State Participation and Complicity in Communal Violence in Gujarat. 14, no. 3 (C)
Human Rights Watch. 1995. Slaughter among Neighbors: The Political Origins of Communal Violence. New Haven: Yale University Press
Huntington, Samuel P. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press
Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press
Huntington, Samuel P., and Joan M. Nelson. 1976. No Easy Choice: Political Participation in Developing Countries. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
Ignatiev, Noel. 1995. How the Irish Became White. New York: Routledge
Indian Annual Register. Calcutta: Annual Registar Office, 1919–47
International Foundation for Electoral Systems. 1990. Romania in the Wake of Ceaucescu: An Assessment of the Romanian Electoral System on Election Eve. Washington, D.C.: International Foundation for Electoral Systems
1976. Populism and Lynching in Louisiana, 1889–1896: A Test of Erikson's Theory of the Relationship between Boundary Crises and Repressive Justice. American Sociological Review 41, 2: 262–80
Irschick, Eugene F. 1969. Politics and Social Conflict in South India: The Non-Brahman Movement and Tamil Separatism, 1916–1929. Berkeley: University of California Press
Irschick, Eugene F. 1986. Tamil Revivalism in the 1930s. Madras: Cre-A
Jaffrelot, Christophe. 1996. The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India. New York: Columbia University Press
Jaffrelot, Christophe. 1998. The Politics of Processions and Hindu-Muslim Riots. In Amrita Basu and Atul Kohli, eds., Community Conflicts and the State in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press: 58–92
Jayaprasad, K. 1991. RSS and Hindu Nationalism: Inroads in a Leftist Stronghold. New Delhi: Deep and Deep
1994. The Bijnor Riots, October 1990: Collapse of a Mythical Special Relationship?Economic and Political Weekly, March 5: 551–58, and .
1970. Caste in Bihar Politics. Economic and Political Weekly, February 14: 341–44.
Jussila, Osmo. 1993. The Russian Government and the Finnish Diet: A Study of the Evolution of Political Representation, 1863–1914. In Geoffrey Alderman, ed., Governments, Ethnic Groups and Political Representation, vol. 6 of Comparative Series of Governments and Non-Dominant Ethnic Groups in Europe, 1850–1940. New York: European Science Foundation/NYU Press: 167–99
Kabir, Humayun. 1968. Minorities in a Democracy. Calcutta: K. L. Mukhopadhyay
1996. Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars. International Security 20, 4: 136–75.
1995. The Irresistible Force and the Imperceptible Object: The Yugoslav Breakup and Western Policy. Security Studies 4, 2: 281–329.
Keller, Stephen L. 1975. Uprooting and Social Change: The Role of Refugees in Development. Delhi: Manohar Book Service
Keyssar, Alexander. 2000. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books
1993. Muslims in Indian Political Process: Group Goals and Alternative Strategies. Economic and Political Weekly, January 2–9: 43–54.
Khalidi, Omar. 1995. Indian Muslims since Independence. New Delhi: Vikas
Khaliquzzaman, Choudhry. 1961. Pathway to Pakistan. Lahore: Longmans Green
Khan, Dildar. 1992. Meerut Riots: An Analysis. In Pramod Kumar, ed., Towards Understanding Communalism. Chandigarh: Center for Research in Rural and Industrial Development: 455–70
Khan, Kishwar Shabbir. 1991. Brassware Industry of Moradabad and Its Muslim Artisans. Interdisciplinary Centre of Development Studies, Aligarh Muslim University
1993. An Unsung Hero of the Freedom Struggle: Rafi Ahmed Kidwai. Islam and the Modern Age 24, 2: 88–107.
King, Jeremy. 1998. Loyalty and Polity, Nation and State: A Town in Hapsburg Central Europe, 1848–1948. Ph. D. dissertation, Columbia University
Kitschelt, Herbert, Zdenka Mansfeldova, Radoslaw Markowski, and Gábor Tóka. 1999. Post-Communist Party Systems: Competition, Representation, and Inter-Party Competition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Kohli, A. B. 1983. Councils of Ministers in India, 1947–1982. New Delhi: Gitanjali Publishing
Kohli, Atul. 1990. Democracy and Discontent: India's Growing Crisis of Governability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Kooiman, Dirk. 1995. Communities and Electorates: A Comparative Discussion of Communalism in Colonial India. Amsterdam: VU University Press
Koshy, M. J. 1971. Constitutionalism in Travancore and Cochin. Trivandrum: Kerala Historical Society
Krishna, B. 1995. Sardar Vallabhai Patel: India's Iron Man. New Delhi: Indus
Kumar, Nita. 1995. The Artisans of Banaras: Popular Culture and Identity, 1880–1986. New Delhi: Orient Longman
1994. Colonialism and Ethnogenesis: A Study of Kerala, India. Theory and Society 23: 385–417.
Laitin, David D. 1986. Hegemony and Culture: Politics and Religious Change among the Yoruba. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Lambert, Richard D. 1951. Hindu-Muslim Riots. Ph. D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
Lazar, Gyorgy. 1979. Memorandum. In Witness to Cultural Genocide: First-Hand Reports on Rumania's Minority Policies Today. New York: American Transylvanian Federation: 88–144
Lemarchand, René. 1996. Burundi: Ethnic Conflict and Genocide. New York: Woodrow Wilson Center Press/Cambridge University Press
Lijphart, Arend. 1977. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. New Haven: Yale University Press
Lijphart, Arend. 1985. Power-Sharing in South Africa. Institute of International Studies Policy Papers in International Affairs no. 24. Berkeley: University of California
Lijphart, Arend. 1995. Self-Determination versus Pre-Determination of Ethnic Minorities in Power-Sharing Systems. In Will Kymlicka, ed., The Rights of Minority Cultures. New York: Oxford University Press: 275–87
1996. The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation. American Political Science Review 90, 2: 258–68.
1998. South African Democracy: Majoritarian or Consociational?Democratization 5, 4: 144–50.
Lipset, Seymour Martin, and Stein Rokkan. 1967. Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction. In Seymour Martin Lipset and Stein Rokkan, eds., Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives. New York: Free Press: 1–67
Long, J. Scott. 1997. Regression Models for Categorical and Limited Dependent Variables. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage: 217–63
Love, Mervyn T. 1995. Peace Building through Reconciliation in Northern Ireland. Avebury: Aldershot
1979. Stability in Deeply Divided Societies: Consociationalism and Control. World Politics 31, 3: 325–44.
Macdonagh, Oliver. 1989. Ideas and Institutions, 1830–45. In W. E. Vaughan, A New History of Ireland, vol. 5, Ireland under the Union, I, 1801–70. Oxford: Clarendon Press: 193–217
Malik, Ikram. 1984. Hindu-Muslim Riots in the British Punjab, 1849–1900: An Analysis. Lahore: Jamal Mahmud Press
Mammen, P. N. 1981. Communalism vs. Communism: A Study of the Socio-Religious Communities and Political Parties in Kerala, 1892–1970. Calcutta: Minerva
1981. Party Decay and Political Crisis in India. Washington Quarterly 4, 3: 25–40.
Manshardt. Clifford. 1936. The Hindu-Muslim Problem in India. London: G. Allen & Unwin
McAdam, Doug. 1982. Political Process and the Development of Black Insurgency, 1930–1970. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
1995. Minority Rights and Majority Rule: Ethnic Tolerance in Romania and Bulgaria. Social Forces 73, 3: 939–68, , , and .
Means, Gordon P. 1991. Malaysian Politics: The Second Generation. Singapore: Oxford University Press
Menon, Dilip. 1994. Caste, Nationalism and Communism in South India: Malabar, 1900–1948. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
1978. Analyzing Diffusion and Contagion Effects: The Urban Disorders of the 1960s. American Political Science Review 72, 3: 996
Miguel, Edward. 2000. Ethnic Diversity and School Funding in Kenya. Working paper. Available at 〈http://iber.berkeley.edu/wps/cider/c01-119.pdf〉, accessed December 31, 2003
Mill, John Stuart. 1991. Considerations on Representative Government. Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books
Millward, Pauline. 1985. The Stockport Riots of 1852: A Study of Anti-Catholic and Anti-Irish Sentiment. In Roger Swift and Sheridan Gilley, eds., The Irish in the Victorian City. London: Croom Helm: 207–24
Misra, B. B. 1970. The Administrative History of India, 1834–1947. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
Mohammed, U. 1995. Educational Problems of the Muslim Minority in Kerala. In Ashgar Ali Engineer, Kerala Muslims: A Historical Perspective. New Delhi: Ajanta: 147–56
Moon, Penderel. 1961. Divide and Quit. London: Chatto and Windus
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Mujahid, Sharif al-. 1970. Indian Secularism: A Case Study of the Muslim Minority. Karachi: University of Karachi Press
1941. Organization of Cottage Industries and Handicrafts. In Radhakamal Mukerjee and H. L. Dey, Economic Problems of Modern India. Vol. 2. London: Macmillan: 3–27.
Munshi, K. M. 1967. Indian Constitutional Documents. Vol. 1, Pilgrimage to Freedom (1902–1950). Bombay: Bharatiya Vidhya Bhavan
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Naidu, Ratna. 1990. Old Cities, New Predicaments: A Study of Hyderabad. New Delhi: Sage
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Nandy, Ashish, Shikha Trivedy, Shail Mayaram, and Achyut Yagnik. 1995. Creating a Nationality: The Ramjanmabhumi Movement and Fear of the Self. Delhi: Oxford University Press
National Police Commission: Its Relevance Today. 1997. Papers and discussions at seminar organized by Nehru Centre and Hindustani Andolan, April 19. Mumbai: Nehru Centre 1997
Nayar, V. K. S. 1966. Communal Interest Groups in Kerala. In Donald E. Smith, ed., South Asian Politics and Religion. Princeton: Princeton University Press: 176–90
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1997. Bulgaria: Minorities, Democratization and National Sentiments. Nationalities Papers 25, 4: 729–40.
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1992. Strong Causes, Weak Cures: Some Preliminary Notes on the Intransigence of Ethnic Politics. East European Constitutional Review 1, 1: 21–23.
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1994. Ethnic Heterogeneity, District Magnitude and the Number of Parties. American Journal of Political Science 38, 1: 100–23, , and .
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1995. Winning the Local Vote: The Effectiveness of Constituency Campaign Spending in Great Britain, 1983–1992. American Political Science Review 89, 4: 969–83, , and .
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1993. The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict. Survival 35, 1: 27–47.
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1987. IAS Mobility Patterns. Indian Journal of Public Administration 33, 4: 845–56.
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1993. Making History: The State's Intervention in Urban Religious Disputes in the North-Western Provinces in the Early Nineteenth Century. Modern Asian Studies 27, 1: 179–203.
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1995. A Case for Representation of Minorities in the Police. Towards Secular India 1, 2: 39–47
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Reilly, Benjamin, and Peter Harris. 1998. Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance
Riker, William H. 1996. The Strategy of Rhetoric: Campaigning for the American Constitution. New Haven: Yale University Press
Roy, Ramashray. 1995. Caste and Political Recruitment in Bihar. In Rajni Kothari, ed., Caste in Indian Politics. Delhi: Orient Longman Reprint: 215–41
Rudolph, Lloyd I., and Suzanne Hoeber Rudolph. 1987. In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Rule, James B. 1988. Theories of Civil Violence. Berkeley: University of California Press
Sachchidananda. 1997. Reservation and After: The Case of Bihar. In V. A. Pai Panandikar, ed., The Politics of Backwardness: Reservation Policy in India. New Delhi: Konark: 161–82
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Saksena, R. N. 1961. Refugees: A Study in Changing Attitudes. London: Asia Publishing House
Sambanis, Nicholas. 2000. Ethnic War: A Theoretic and Empirical Inquiry into Its Causes. World Bank, February 27
Saraswathi, S. 1974. Minorities in Madras State. Delhi: Impex
Saxena, N. C. 1984. The Nature and Origin of Communal Riots. In Ashgar Ali Engineer, ed., Communal Riots in Post-Independence India. Hyderabad: Sangam Books: 51–67
Schwerthoeffer, Simona. 1985. The Nationalities Policy: Theory and Practice. In Vlad Georgescu, ed., Romania: 40 Years (1944–1984). New York: Praeger: 79–92
1996. The Hungarians in East Central Europe: A Demographic Profile. Nationalities Papers 24, 3: 551–62.
Sen Gupta, Bhabani. 1972. Communism in Indian Politics. New York: Columbia University Press
1992. Preliminary Results of the 1992 Romanian Census. RFE/RL Research Report 1, 30: 62–68.
Shakir, Moin. 1983. Islam in Indian Politics. New Delhi: Ajanta Publications
1995. Socio-Economic and Demographic Differentials between Hindus and Muslims in India. Economic and Political Weekly, November 18: 2947–53.
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