Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Colonial Legacies and Postcolonial Authoritarianism in Tanzania: Connects and Disconnects

Abstract
Abstract:

Through an examination of the Tanzanian experience, this article takes up a challenge forcefully posed by Mahmood Mamdani's Citizen and Subject to examine connections between late colonial and postindependence state power on the African continent. The discussion is critical of Mamdani's argument that postindependence authoritarianism in Africa can be understood as an institutional legacy of late colonialism. However, connections to colonial times did exist in the frames of legitimation that underpinned the frequently authoritarian actions of the postindependence Tanzanian state. One such connection was the persistent paternalism vis-à-vis their “subjects” that characterized the political imagination of state elites; another was the fact that “the colonial past” served as an important reference point in the construction of a deeply Manichean discourse and practice of politics after independence.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

B. Berman 1998. “Ethnicity, Patronage and the African State: The Problem of Uncivil Nationalism.” African Affairs 97: 305–41.

J. Carthew 1980. “Life Imitates Art: The Student Expulsion in Dar es Salaam, October 1966, as Dramatic Ritual.” Journal of Modern African Studies 18 (3): 541–49.

M. Crowder 1964. “Indirect Rule—French and British Style.” Africa 34: 197205.

J.-G. Deutsch 2002. “The Administration of Law in Colonial Tanzania, 1890–1914.” Journal of African Cultural Studies 15 (1): 93101.

A. M. Ivaska 2002. “‘Anti-Mini Militants Meet Modern Misses’: Urban Style, Gender and the Politics of ‘National Culture’ in 1960s Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.” Gender and History 14 (3): 584607.

A. M. Ivaska 2005. “Of Students, ‘Nizers’, and a Struggle for Youth: Tanzania's 1966 National Service Crisis.” Africa Today 51 (3).

J. Lonsdale 1997. “Power and Resistance.” Journal of African History 38 (3): 520–22.

W. MacGaffey 1982. “The Policy of National Integration in Zaire.” Journal of Modem African Studies 20 (1): 87105.

B. O'Laughlin 2000. “Class and Customary: The Ambiguous Legacy of the Indigenato in Mozambique.” African Affairs 99: 542.

A. Odhiambo 2000. “Woza Lugard? Rhetoric and Antiquarian Knowledge.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 34 (2): 387–96.

T. Ranger 1993. “The Invention of Tradition Revisited: The Case of Colonial Africa.” In T. Ranger and O. Vaughan , eds., Legitimacy and the State in Twentieth-Century Africa, 62111. London: Palgrave.

L. Schneider 2004. “Freedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujamaa Vijijini, and Villagization.” The Canadian Journal of African Studies 38 (2): 344–93.

T. Spear 2003. “Neo-Traditionalism and the Limits of Invention in British Colonial Africa.” Journal of African History 44: 327.

H. U. E. Thoden van Velzen 1977. “Staff, Kulaks and Peasants: A Study of a Political Field.” In L. Cliffe et al., eds., Government and Rural Development in East Africa: Essays on Political Penetration. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.

C. Youé 2000. “Mamdani's History.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 34 (2): 397408.

C. Young 2004. “The End of the Post-Colonial State in Africa? Reflections on Changing African Political Dynamics.” African Affairs 103: 2349.

T. Young 1999. “The State and Politics in Africa.” Journal of Southern African Studies 25 (1): 149–54.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

African Studies Review
  • ISSN: 0002-0206
  • EISSN: 1555-2462
  • URL: /core/journals/african-studies-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 36 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 231 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th March 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.