Adebanwi, Wale. 2000. “The Nigerian Press and the National Question.” In The National Question in Nigeria: Comparative Perspectives, edited by Momoh, Abubakar and Adejumobi, Said, 201–15. Aldershot: Ashgate Books.
Adekanye, Bayo. 1999. “Sustaining Nigeria's Democracy: Military Security Imperative.” Paper presented at the eighth annual Obafemi Awolowo Foundation Dialogue, Lagos, 11 30–Dec. 1.
Altschull, J. H.
1995. Agents of Power: The Media and Public Policy. New York: Longmans.
Babawale, Tunde, ed. 2003. Urban Violence, Ethnic Militias and the Challenge of Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria, Lagos: Malthouse Books.
Castells, Manuel. 1996. The Information Age, Economy, Society and Culture. Vol. 1: The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Castells, Manuel. 1997. The Information Age, Economy, Society and Culture. Vol. 2: The Power of Identity. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Castells, Manuel. 1998. The Information Age, Economy Society and Culture. Vol. 3: End of Millennium. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Committee for The Defence of Human Rights. 2000. Annual Report. Lagos: Committee for the Defence of Human Rights.
Curran, James. 1991. “Media and Democracy: A Reappraisal.” In Mass Media and Society, edited by Curran, James and Gurevitch, Michael, 82–117. London: James-Arnold.
Diamond, Larry. 1990. “The Accountability Gap in the Transition to Democracy in Nigeria.” Paper presented at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Baltimore, 11
Diamond, Larry, Plattner, Mark, and Schedler, Andreas. 1999. “Introduction.” In The Self Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, edited by Diamond, Larry, Plattner, Mark, and Schedler, Andreas, 1–3. Boulder, Colo.: Lynn Reinner.
Enahoro, Peter. 1994. “The State of the Media.” Daily Times, 06 9.
Held, David, and McGrew, Anthony, eds. 2002. The Global Transformations Reader: An Introduction to the Globalization Debate. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Ihonvbere, Julius. 1999. “The 1999 Constitution of Nigeria: The Limitations of Undemocratic Constitution-Making.” Paper presented to the Centre For Democracy and Development Conference, Abuja, 06 29–July 5.
Institute For Media and Society. 2003. Monthly Bulletin on the 2003 Election in Nigeria. Lagos: Institute For Media and Society.
International Institute For Democracy and Electoral Assistance. 2000. Democracy in Nigeria: Continuing Dialogue for Nation-Building. Stockhom: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.
Jose, Babatunde. 1987. Walking a Tight Rope: Power Play in the Daily Times. Ibadan: University Press.
Joseph, Richard. 1997. “Democratization in Africa after 1989: Comparative and Theoretical Perspectives.” Comparative Politics
Maier, Karl. 2000. This House Has Fallen: Midnight in Nigeria. New York: Public Affairs Press.
Media Rights Agenda. 2000. Annual Report. Lagos: Media Rights Agenda.
O'Donnell, Guillermo. 1999. “Horizontal Accountability in New Democracies.” In The Self-Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, edited by Diamond, Larry, Plattner, Mark, and Schedler, Andreas, 29–51. Boulder, Colo.: Lynn Reinner.
Ogbodo, Joyce. 1996. “Nigerian Rural Women's Access to Channels of Communication.” In Women and the Media in Nigeria, edited by Odejide, Abiola, 71–90. Ibadan: Women's Research and Documentation Centre.
Olukotun, Ayo, and Omole, Tale. 1999. “The Media and Democratization in Nigeria.” In Governance and Democratization in West Africa, edited by Olowu, Dele, Williams, Adebayo, and Soremekun, Kayode, 239–63. Dakar: CODESRIA.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2000a. “Governance and the Media.” In African Perspectives on Governance, edited by Hyden, Goran, Okoth-Ogendo, Hastings, and Olowu, Dele, 91–121. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2000b. “Media Reporting and the Tinubu Administration.” In Bola Tinubu and the Struggle for True Federalism in Nigeria: Perspectives, Problems and Prospects, edited by Akinterinwa, Bola, 154–65. Ibadan: Vantage Books.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2002a “Traditional Protest Media and Anti-Military Struggle in Nigeria 1988–1999” African Affairs
101 (1): 193–211.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2002b. “Authoritarian State, Crisis of Democratization and the Underground Media in Nigeria.” African Affairs
101 (2): 317–42.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2003a. “Ethnic Militias and Democracy: A Media Perspective.” In Urban Violence, Ethnic Militias and the Challenge of Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria, edited by Babawale, Tunde, 58–70. Lagos: Malthouse Press.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2003b. “The Vernacular Press and Democratic Mobilization in Nigeria.” African Journal of International Affairs and Development
Olukotun, Ayo. 2003c. “At the Barricades: Resurgent Media in Colonial Nigeria 1900–1960.” In Foundations of Nigeria. Vol. 2: Essays in Honour of Toyin Falola, edited by Oyebade, O., 229–46. Trenton, N.J.: Africa World Press
Olukotun, Ayo. 2004a. Repressive State and Resurgent Media under Nigeria's Military Dictatorship 1988–1998. Research Report no. 126. Uppsalla: Nordic African Studies Institute.
Olukotun, Ayo. 2004b. “The Media and the 2003 General Elections in Nigeria.” In 2003 General Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria, edited by Anifowose, Remi and Babawale, Tunde, 155–87. Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stifung.
O'Neil, Patrick, ed. 1998. Communicating Democracy: The Media and Political Transitions. London: Lynn Reinner.
Tunji, Oseni. 1995. “Government-Media Relations: A Case of Mutual Exclusivity?” Paper presented to the Quarterly Forum of the Nigerian Television Authority, Ibadan, 07 27.
Tunji, Oseni and Idowu, Lanre, eds. 2000. 140th Anniversary of The Nigerian Press. Lagos: Tosen Consult.
Oyovbaire, Sam. 2001. “The Media and the Democratic Process in Nigeria.” Paper presented to the Senior Executive Course, no. 3, National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies, Kuru, 08 7.
Parker, Richard. 1995. “Introductory Comment.” In Adeyemi, Yinka, The Nigerian Press Under the Military: Persecution, Resilience and Political Crisis. Report presented to the Joan Shorestein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 05.
Sarpong, George. 2000. “The Last of the Rawlings Years.” Zongo-Giwa
Schedler, Andreas. 1998. “What is Democratic Consolidation?” Journal of Democracy