This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
A. Anttonen and J. Sipiliä 1996. European social care services: is it possible to identify models? Journal of European Social Policy, 6, 2, 87–100.
S. Arber and J. Ginn 1995. Gender differences in the relationship between paid employment and informal care. Work, Employment and Society, 9, 3, 445–71.
W. Arts and J. Gelissen 2002. Three worlds of welfare capitalism or more? A state-of-the-art report. Journal of European Social Policy, 12, 2, 137–58.
C. Attias-Donfut , J. Ogg and F.-C. Wolff 2005. European patterns of intergenerational financial and time transfers. European Journal of Ageing, 2, 3, 161–73.
U. Behning 2005. Changing long-term care regimes: a six-country comparison of directions and effects. In B. Pfau-Effinger and B. Geissler (eds), Care and Social Integration in European Societies. Policy, Bristol, UK, 73–91.
F. Bettio and J. Plantenga 2004. Comparing care regimes in Europe. Feminist Economics, 10, 1, 85–113.
M. Brandt , K. Haberkern and M. Szydlik 2009. Intergenerational help and care in Europe. European Sociological Review, doi:10.1093/esr/jcn076.
M. Brandt and M. Szydlik 2008. Soziale Dienste und Hilfe zwischen Generationen in Europa [Social services and help between generations]. Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 37, 4, 301–20.
M. Broese van Groenou , K. Glaser , C. Tomassini and T. Jacobs 2006. Socio-economic status differences in older people's use of informal and formal help: a comparison of four European countries. Ageing & Society, 26, 5, 745–66.
B. Da Roit 2007. Changing intergenerational solidarities within families in a Mediterranean welfare state: elderly care in Italy. Current Sociology, 55, 2, 251–69.
S. O. Daatland 2001. Ageing, families and welfare systems: comparative perspectives. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 34, 1, 16–20.
J. Finch and J. Mason 1990. Filial obligations and kin support for elderly people. Ageing & Society, 10, 2, 151–75.
M. Fine and C. Glendinning 2005. Dependence, independence or inter-dependence? Revisiting the concepts of ‘care’ and ‘dependency’. Ageing & Society, 25, 4, 601–21.
S. K. Gallagher 1994. Doing their share: comparing patterns of help given by older and younger adults. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 56, 3, 567–78.
N. Gerstel and S. K. Gallagher 2001. Men's caregiving: gender and the contingent character of care. Gender and Society, 15, 2, 197–217.
C. Gori 2000. Solidarity in Italy's policies towards the frail elderly: a value at stake. International Journal of Social Welfare, 9, 4, 261–9.
G. Guo and H. Zhao 2000. Multilevel modeling for binary data. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 441–62.
K. Haberkern and M. Szydlik 2008. Pflege der Eltern – Ein europäischer Vergleich [Care of parents: a European comparison]. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 60, 1, 78–101.
S. Leitner 2003. Varieties of familism: the caring function of the family in comparative perspective. European Societies, 5, 4, 353–75.
R. A. Lewis 1990. The adult child and older parents. In T. H. Brubaker (ed.), Family Relationships in Later Life. Sage, Newbury Park, California, 68–85.
A. Lowenstein and S. O. Daatland 2006. Filial norms and family support in a comparative cross-national context: evidence from the OASIS study. Ageing & Society, 26, 2, 203–23.
J. Lundsgaard 2006. Choice and long-term care in OECD countries: care outcomes, employment and fiscal sustainability. European Societies, 8, 3, 361–83.
A. Motel-Klingebiel , C. Tesch-Römer and H.-J. v. Kondratowitz 2005. Welfare states do not crowd out the family: evidence for mixed responsibility from comparative analyses. Ageing & Society, 25, 6, 863–82.
M. Murphy , P. Martikainen and S. Pennec 2006. Demographic change and the supply of potential family supporters in Britain, Finland and France in the period 1911–2050. European Journal of Population, 22, 3, 219–40.
B. Pfau-Effinger 2005. Culture and welfare state policies: reflections on a complex interrelation. Journal of Social Policy, 34, 1, 3–20.
H. Qureshi and A. Walker 1989. The Caring Relationship: Elderly People and Their Families. Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK.
T. Snijders and D. A. Kenny 1999. The social relations model for family data: a multilevel approach. Personal Relationships, 6, 4, 471–86.
M. Szydlik 2004. Inheritance and inequality: theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence. European Sociological Review, 20, 1, 31–45.
J. Twigg and A. Grand 1998. Contrasting legal conceptions of family obligations and financial reciprocity in the support of older people: France and England. Ageing & Society, 18, 2, 131–46.
A. J. Walker , C. C. Pratt and L. Eddy 1995. Informal caregiving to aging family members: a critical review. Family Relations, 44, 4, 402–11.