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The Mawzaע Exile at the Juncture of Zaydi and Ottoman Messianism

Abstract

Among scholars of Jewish communities under Islamic rule, Yemen has gained a poor reputation for treatment of its ancient Jewish minority in comparison with other predominantly Muslim societies. Although Yemen had, until the 1950s, a sizable Jewish population whose presence dated back centuries before the advent of Islam, various Muslim rulers of key parts of Yemen enforced the sumptuary laws and other restrictions stipulated in the Pact of עUmar with unusual stringency, and the Jews' history under Islamic rule was marred by sporadic instances of outright persecution.

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Note on transliteration: For the sake of accessibility, I have omitted diacritical markings, apart from עayn and hamza, in transliterations of Arabic and Ottoman Turkish names (with the exception of Ismail, which is commonly spelled without diacriticals in English-language texts). Diacriticals are retained in titles of Arabic and Ottoman Turkish literary works and in the names of Arab publishing houses. Transliterations of Arabic and Ottoman Turkish follow the International Journal of Middle East Studies.
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AJS Review
  • ISSN: 0364-0094
  • EISSN: 1475-4541
  • URL: /core/journals/ajs-review
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