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Clovis and Western Stemmed: Population Migration and the Meeting of Two Technologies in the Intermountain West

  • Charlotte Beck (a1) and George T. Jones (a2)
Abstract

The Intermountain West is rarely included in discussions of the North American Paleoindian record, largely because there is so little evidence for Clovis in that region. What has been ignored in these discussions is the presence of an early record in the region associated not with Clovis, but with a different technology, the main diagnostic of which is the large, contracting stemmed projectile point. Dates associated with this technology are comparable to the earliest Clovis dates on the Plains. An examination of the spatial and temporal distributions of Clovis diagnostics suggests that elements of this technology arrived relatively late in the Intermountain West, apparently the termination of a diffusion (or migration) process that began in the southern Plains or Southeast, moved northward along the Rocky Mountain front, and eventually onto the Columbia Plateau. We argue that initial colonization of the intermountain region most likely involved groups moving inland from the Pacific coast carrying a non-Clovis technology, which was already in place by the time Clovis technology arrived.

Resumen

El oeste de Intermountain se incluye raramente en discusiones del expediente norteamericano de Paleoindian, en gran parte porque hay tan poca evidencia para Clovis en esa región. Qué se ha no hecho caso en estas discusiones es la presencia de un expediente temprano en la región asociada no a Clovis, sino a una diversa tecnología, el diagnóstico principal de la cual es el grande, punto provenido del proyectil que contrae. Las fechas asociadas a esta tecnología son comparables a las fechas más tempranas de Clovis en los llanos. Una examinación de las distribuciones espaciales y temporales del diagnóstico de Clovis sugiere que los elementos de esta tecnología llegaran relativamente tarde en el Intermountain al oeste, al parecer la terminación de un proceso de la difusión (o migración) que comenzó en los llanos meridionales o al sureste, movido hacia el norte a lo largo del frente rocoso de la montaña, y eventual sobre la meseta de Colombia. Discutimos esa colonización inicial de la mudanza implicada más probable de los grupos de la región del intermountain interior desde la costa pacífica que lleva una tecnología de los non-Clovis, que estaba ya en lugar para el momento en que llegara la tecnología de Clovis.

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