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New Evidence for the Early Use of Cultigens in the American Southwest

  • Alan H. Simmons (a1)
Abstract

Recent excavations near Chaco Canyon in northwestern New Mexico have yielded evidence for the use of cultigens by the early second millennium B.C. and continuing into the first millennium B.C. This information comes from four sites, all of which have been radiocarbon dated. The evidence for the oldest use of a cultigen, maize, is in the form of pollen; however, macrobotanical specimens of maize or squash were also recovered from sites dating to the Late Archaic. These data are summarized, as are their significance and implications.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
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