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The Taxonomic Position of Stalling's Island, Georgia 1

  • Charles H. Fairbanks (a1)

Stalling's Island, located in the Savannah River eight miles above Augusta, Georgia, is the site of a large, deep shell midden. Jones mentions the Stalling's Island midden, but the principal source of information has been the report of Clafiin's work. The present report deals with an excavation intended to obtain additional information on the cultural affiliation of this material. Interest was aroused by Clafiin's statement that sherds were absent from the lower levels. It was hoped that some evidence of vertical change would be found and that it would be possible to demonstrate the cultural affiliations of this group. Three stratigraphic blocks were excavated, two in arbitrary six-inch levels, the third in arbitrary one-foot levels.

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Prepared with the assistance of Work Projects Administration, Official Project No. 765-34-3-1.

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2 Jones, 1873, pp. 197–200; 1861, pp. 13–22. Bibliography, see pp. 311–318 of this journal.

3 Claflin, 1931.

4 Undertaken by the State–wide Survey, sponsored by the University of Georgia and the Society for Georgia Archaeology. WPA Official Project No. 665-34-3-1.

5 Claflin, 1931, pp. 13–14.

6 Wyman, 1875, pp. 52–56.

7 Moore, 1894b.

8 Moore, 1897.

9 Holmes, 1894; 1903, pp. 120–122, PL 84, Fig. 57.

10 Ford, Quimby,Willey and Holder, N.D.

11 Waring, N.D.

12 Webb, 1939.

13 Moore, 1916.

14 Webb and Haag, 1939.

15 Webb and Haag, 1940.

16 Claflin, 1931, pp. 13–17, Pls. 11–20.

17 Webb, 1939, pp. 158–159.

18 For a more extended discussion of the Lamar and Ocmulgee Fields pottery types,see Kelly, 1938.

19 Claflin, 1931.

20 As suggested by Linton: “First, every trait is intimately associated with some other trait or traits to form a larger functional unit commonly known as a trait complex. The traits within such a complex are all more or less inter-related and inter-dependent from the point of both function and use. A number of such trait complexes are, in turn, combined to form a still larger functional unit which, since no term has so far been coined for it, we will call an activity” (Linton, 1936, p. 397).

21 Webb and Haag, 1940.

22 Ritchie, 1932.

23 Ritchie, 1940.

24 Kroeber, 1940, pp. 29–44.

1 Prepared with the assistance of Work Projects Administration, Official Project No. 765-34-3-1.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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