Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Effect of incorporating sugar beet pulp in the finisher diet on performance of geese

  • J. Arroyo (a1), M. Brachet (a2) (a3) (a4), J. P. Dubois (a1), F. Lavigne (a1), C. Molette (a2) (a3) (a4), C. Bannelier (a2) (a3) (a4) and L. Fortun-Lamothe (a2) (a3) (a4)...
Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the effects of incorporating sugar beet pulp (SBP) into the diet on the development of the crop and performance of geese. A total of 480 1-day-old ganders were divided into three groups differing in the composition and mode of distribution of the diet offered from day 56 to 89. The following two diets were used: a standard diet (nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolizable energy, AMEn 11.44 MJ/kg; 160 g/kg CP) or a diet containing 10% of SBP (SBP diet; AMEn 11.47 MJ/kg; 160 g/kg CP). The swelling capacity (SC) hydration was higher for SBP than for the standard diet (3.62 v. 2.72 ml of H2O/g of dry matter at 60 min; P<0.05). In the Control group, birds were fed with a controlled time of access to a standard diet. Other birds were fed the SBP diet with a controlled time of access (SBPt group) or a controlled quantity offered (SBPq). From day 90 to 104, 88 birds/group were overfed with a mixture containing mainly corn. Body traits including volume of the crop were measured at day 89. Fatty liver weight and commercial grading were measured at d 104. Feed intake from day 56 to 89 was higher in the Control group than in the SBPt group (8097 v. 7545 g; P<0.05), feed intake in the SBPq group being intermediate (7801 g); however, live weights (LW) of the birds were similar in the three groups measured at day 89 (5746 g; P>0.05). At day 89, the volume of the crop tended to be higher in the SBPt compared with the Control group (52.8 v. 48.8 ml/kg of LW; P=0.101). After overfeeding, feed intake (12 922 g), weight gain (2412 g), LW (8170 g), fatty liver weight (875 g) and commercial grading of the fatty liver were similar (P>0.1) for all the three groups. Therefore, SBP could help adapt the digestive tract of waterfowl to high feed intake through an increase in the crop volume, but its method of use – that is, level of incorporation and mode of distribution – should continue to be investigated.

Copyright
Corresponding author
E-mail: laurence.lamothe@toulouse.inra.fr
References
Hide All
Abdollahi, MR, Ravindrana, V and Svihus, B 2013. Pelleting of broiler diets: an overview with emphasis on pellet quality and nutritional value. Animal Feed Science and Technology 179, 123.
Amerah, AM, Ravindran, V, Lentle, RG and Thomas, DG 2007. Feed particle size, implications on the digestion and performance of poultry. World’s Poultry Science Journal 63, 439455.
Arroyo, J, Fortun-Lamothe, L, Dubois, JP, Lavigne, F and Auvergne, A 2012a. Schedule and management of food transitions in geese for the production of foie gras. INRA Productions Animales 25, 323336.
Arroyo, J, Auvergne, A, Dubois, JP, Lavigne, F, Bijja, M and Fortun-Lamothe, L 2013a. Influence of amount and form of sorghum in the diet on the performance of overfed geese. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 22, 849854.
Arroyo, J, Auvergne, A, Dubois, JP, Lavigne, F, Bijja, M, Bannelier, C and Fortun-Lamothe, L 2012b. Effects of presentation and type of cereals (corn or sorghum) on performance of geese. Poultry Science 91, 20632071.
Arroyo, J, Auvergne, A, Dubois, JP, Lavigne, F, Bijja, M, Bannelier, C, Manse, H and Fortun-Lamothe, L 2013b. Effects of substituting yellow corn for sorghum in geese diets on magret and foie gras quality. Poultry Science 92, 24482456.
Arslan, C 2003. Bulky feeds in the intensive fattening of goslings II. Effects of alfalfa, grass and sugar beet pulp on abdominal fat pattern and caecal volatile fatty acid composition in geese. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 154, 667671.
Arslan, C 2004. Effects of diets supplemented with grass meal and sugar beet pulp meal on abdominal fat fatty acid profile and ceacal volatile fatty acid composition in geese. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 155, 619623.
Arslan, C 2005. Effects of feeding by diets supplemented with grass meal and sugar beet pulp meal on growth, slaughter performance and some blood parameters in geese. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 156, 475481.
Arslan, C and Saatci, M 2003. Bulky feeds in the intensive fattening of goslings I. Effects of grass, alfalfa and sugar beet pulp on growth slaughter performance and some blood parameters in geese. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire 154, 633638.
EC 2009. European Union Council Directive 1009/2009/EC 2009, on the protection of animals at the time of slaughter or killing. Official Journal of European Community L 303, 130.
Giger-Reverdin, S 2000. Charaterisation of feedstuffs for ruminants using some physical parameters. Animal Feed Science and Technology 86, 5369.
Guéméné, D and Guy, G 2004. The past, present and future of force-feeding and ‘foie gras’ production. World’s Poultry Science Journal 60, 210222.
Guy, G, Fortun-Lamothe, L, Bénard, G and Fernandez, X 2013. Natural induction of spontaneous liver steatosis in Greylag Landaise geese (Anser anser). Journal of Animal Science 91, 455464.
Hansen, ØJ and Storebakken, T 2007. Effects of dietary cellulose level on pellet quality and nutrient digestibilities in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 272, 458465.
Leprettre, S, Dubois, JP, Lavigne, F, Combebiac, R and Babilé, R 2002. Nouvelle méthode d’appréciation de la capacité d’ingestion en gavage. Conference at the 5èmes Journées de la Recherche sur les Palmipèdes à Foie Gras, Pau, France, 4 pp.
Leprettre, S, Auvergne, A, Manse, H, Babilé, R, Dubois, JP and Candau, M 1998. Effect of the starvation period before slaughter on biochemical composition and sterilization yields of goose fatty livers. Sciences des Aliments 18, 415422.
National Research Council (NRC) 1994. Nutrient requirement of poultry, 9th edition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Odum, EP 1960. Premigratory hyperphagia in birds. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 8, 621629.
Pond, CM 1978. Morphological aspects and the ecological and mechanical consequences of fat deposition in wild vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 9, 519570.
Raghavendra, SN, Ramachandra Swamy, SR, Rastogi, NK, Raghavarao, KSMS, Sourav, K and Tharanathan, RN 2004. Grinding characteristics and hydration properties of coconut residue: a source of dietary fiber. Journal of Food Engineering 72, 281286.
Samuelsen, TA, Mjøs, SA and Oterhals, Å 2013. Impact of variability in fishmeal physicochemical properties on the extrusion process, starch gelatinization and pellet durability and hardness. Animal Feed Science and Technology 179, 7784.
Sauvant, D, Perez, JM and Tran, G 2004. Tables of composition and nutritive value of feed materials, pigs, poultry, cattle, sheep, goats, rabbits, horses, fish, INRA Editions and Wageningen Academic Publishers, Paris, France and Wageningen, The Netherlands, 304pp.
Sturkie, PD 1986. Avian physiology, 4th edition. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA.
Thomas, M and van der Poel, AFB 1996. Physical quality of pelleted animal feeds 1. Criteria for pellet quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology 61, 89112.
World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) Working Group V 1984. In Method of dissection of broiler carcases and description of parts: terms used for parts of poultry in different languages (ed. Jensen, JF), pp. 33. Pergamon Press, Cambridge, UK.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

animal
  • ISSN: 1751-7311
  • EISSN: 1751-732X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed