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Before and after: millet cultivation and the transformation of prehistoric crop production in northern Germany

  • Dragana Filipović (a1), John Meadows (a2), Julian Wiethold (a3), Susanne Jahns (a4), Felix Bittmann (a5) and Wiebke Kirleis (a1)...
Abstract

A programme of radiocarbon dating aims to correlate the onset of millet cultivation in northern Germany with cultural and technological changes during the Bronze Age.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: d.filipovic@ufg.uni-kiel.de)
References
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Effenberger, H. 2017 . Pflanzennutzung und Ausbreitungswege von Innovationen im Pflanzenbau der Nordischen Bronzezeit und angrenzender Regionen (Studien zur nordeuropäischen Bronzezeit 4). Neumünster: Wachholtz.
Effenberger, H. 2018. The plant economy of the Northern European Bronze Age—more diversity through increased trade with adjacent cultures. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 27: 6574. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-017-0621-3
Heron, C., Shoda, S., Barcons, A.B., Czebreszuk, J., Eley, Y., Gorton, M., Kirleis, W., Kneisel, J., Lucquin, A., Müller, J., Nishida, Y., Son, J. & Craig, O.E.. 2016. First molecular and isotopic evidence of millet processing in prehistoric pottery vessels. Scientific Reports 6: 38767. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep38767
Kirleis, W. 2003. Vegetationsgeschichtliche und archäobotanische Untersuchungen zur Landwirtschaft und Umwelt im Bereich der prähistorischen Siedlungen bei Rullstorf, Ldkr. Lüneburg. Probleme der Küstenforschung im südlichen Nordseegebiet 28: 65132.
Lightfoot, E., Liu, X. & Jones, M.K.. 2013. Why move starchy cereals? A review of the isotopic evidence for prehistoric millet consumption across Eurasia. World Archaeology 45: 574623. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2013.852070
Miller, N.F., Spengler, R.N. & Frachetti, M.. 2016. Millet cultivation across Eurasia: origins, spread, and the influence of seasonal climate. The Holocene 26: 15661575. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683616641742
Motuzaite-Matuzeviciute, G., Staff, R., Hunt, H.V., Liu, X. & Jones, M.K.. 2013. The early chronology of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Europe. Antiquity 87: 10731085. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00049875
Stika, H.-P. & Heiss, A.G.. 2013. Plant cultivation in the Bronze Age, in H. Fokkens & A. Harding (ed.) The Oxford handbook of the European Bronze Age: 348369. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thirsk, J. 1985. The agrarian history of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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