Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Deserted Britain: declining populations in the British Late Middle Pleistocene

  • Nick Ashton (a1) and Simon Lewis (a2)
Extract

This paper defines the potential reasons for low population levels in Oxygen Isotope Stages 6–4: climate, habitat preferences and sea level.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Ashton, N.M., In press. Absence of humans in Britain during the last interglacial (oxygen isotope stage 5e), in Roebroeks, & Tuffreau, (ed.).
Bosinski, G., 1967. Die Mittelpaläolithischen funde im Westlichen Mitteleuropa. Cologne: Bühlau Verlag.
Bridgland, D.R., 1994. The Quaternary of the Thames. London: Chapman & Hall.
Bridgland, D.R., & D’Olier, B.. 1995. The Pleistocene evolution of the Thames and Rhine drainage systems in the southern North Sea Basin, in Preece, (ed.): 2746.
Brown, J.A., 1887. Palaeolithic man in North West Middlesex. London: Macmillan.
Buckingham, C., Roe, D.A. & Scott, K.. 1996. A preliminary report on the Stanton Harcourt Channel deposits (Oxfordshire, England): geological context, vertebrate remains and Palaeolithic stone artefacts, Journal of Quaternary Science 11(5): 397415.
Chappell, J., 1974. Geology of coral terraces, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea: a study of Quaternary leotonic movements and sea-level changes, Geological Society of America Bulletin 85: 553–70.
Chappell, J., Omura, A., Esat, T., Mcculloch, M.. Pandolfi, J., Ota, Y. & Pillans, B.. 1996. Reconciliation of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral terraces at Huon Peninsula with deep sea oxygen isotope records, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 141: 227–36.
Chappell, J., & Shackleton, N.J.. 1986. Oxygen isolopes and sea level, Nature 324: 137–40.
Currant, A.P., 1986. Man and Quaternary interglacial faunas of Britain, in Collcutt, S.N. (ed.), The Palaeolithic of Britain and its nearest neighbours: 5052. Sheffield: University of Sheffield.
Currant, A.P., & Jacobí, R.J.. 2001. A formal mammalian biostratigraphy for the Late Pleistocene of Britain, Quaternary Science Reviews 20: 1707–16.
Devoy, R.J.N., 1979. Flandrian sea level changes and vegetational history of the lower Thames estuary, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B285: 355–407.
Evans, J., 1897. The ancient stone implements, weapons and ornaments of Great Britain. London: Longman, Green.
FéBlot-Augustins, J., 1999. Raw material transport patterns and settlement systems in the European Lower and Middle Palaeolithic: continuity, change and variability, in Roebroeks, & Gamble, (ed.): 193214.
Gamble, C.S., 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: the environmental background, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 279–96.
Gaudzinski, S., 1995. Wallertheim revisited: a re-analysis of the fauna from the Middle Palaeolithic site of Wallertheim (Rheinhessen/Germany), Journal of Archaeological Science 22: 5166.
Gaudzinski, S., 1999. The faunal record of the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic of Europe: remarks on human interference, in Roebroeks, & Gamble, (ed.): 215–33.
Geneste, J.M., 1989. Economie des resources lithiques dans le Moustérien du sud-ouest de la France, in Otte, M. (ed.), L’Homme de Neanderthal 6: La Subsistence: 7597. Liege: Etudes et Recherches Archéologique de l’Université de Liege.
Glbbard, P.L., 1995a. Pleistocene history of the Loivcr Thames Valley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Glbbard, P.L., 1995b. The formation of the Strait of Dover, in Preece, (ed.): 1526.
Gray, J.M., 1995. Glacio-isoslasy, glacio-eustasy and relative sea-level change, in Menzies, J. (ed.). Past glacial environments. Sediments, forms and techniques: 31533. Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann.
Green, H.S., 1984. Pontnewydd Cave. A Lower Palaeolithic hominid site in Wales. Cardiff: National Museum of Wales.
Guthrie, R.D., 1990. Frozen fauna of the Mammoth Steppe. Chicago (IL): Chicago University Press.
Gvirtzman, G., 1994. Fluctuations of sea level during the past 400,000 years: the record of Sinai, Egypt (northern Red Sea), Coral Reefs 13: 203–14.
Hosfield, R., 1999. The Palaeolithic of the Hampshire Basin. A regional model of hominid behaviour during the Middle Pleistocene. Oxford: Archaeopress. BAR British series 286.
Jacobí, R., Rowe, P., Gilmour, M.. Grün, R. & Atkinson, T.. 1998. Radiometric dating of the Middle Palaeolithic tool industry and associated fauna of Pin Hole, Cresswell Crags, England, Journal of Quaternary Science 13(1): 2942.
Jaubert, J., Lorblanchet, M., Laville, H., Slott-Moller, R., Truro, A. & Brugal, J.P.. 1990. Les chasseurs d’auroches de La Borde. Paris: Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme.
Keen, D.H., 1995. Raised beaches and sea-levels in the English Channel in the Middle and Late Pleistocene: problems of interpretation and implications for the isolation of the British Isles, in Preece, (ed.): 6374.
Lambeck, K., 1991. Glacial rebound and sea-level change in the British Isles, Terra Nova 3: 379–89.
Maddy, D., & Bridgland, D.R.. 2000. Accelerated uplift resulting from Anglian glacioisoslatic rebound in the Middle Thames Valley, UK?: evidence from the river terrace record, Quaternary Science Reviews 19: 1581–8.
Maddy, D., Lewis, S.G., Scaife, R.G., Bowen, D.Q., Goope, G.R., Green, C.P., Hardaker, T., Keen, D.H., Rees-Jones, J., Parfitt, S. & Scott, K.. 1998. The Upper Pleistocene deposits at Cassington, near Oxford, UK, Journal of Quaternary Science 13: 205–31.
Meijer, T., & Preece, R.C.. 1995. Malacological evidence relating to the insularity of the British Isles during the Quaternary, in. Preece, (ed.): 89110.
Paterson, T.T., 1941. On a world correlation of the Pleistocene, Philisophical Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 60(2): 373425.
Plllans, B., Chappell, J. & Naish, T.R.. 1998. A review of the Milankovich climate beat: template for Plio-Pleistocenc sea-level changes and sequence stratigraphy, Sedimentary Geology 122: 521.
Preece, R.C., 1995. Island Britain: a Quaternary perspective. London: Geological Society. Special publication 96.
Roberts, M.B., Gamble, C.S. & Bridgland, D.R.. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: the British Isles, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 165–91.
Roebroeks, W., Conard, N.J. & Van Kolfschoten, T.. 1992. Dense forests, cold steppes, and the Paleolithic settlement of northern Europe, Current Anthropology 33: 551–67.
Roebroeks, W., & Gamble, C. (ed.). 1999. The Middle Palaeolithic occupation of Europe. Leiden: University of Leiden.
Roebroeks, W., Kole, J. & Rensink, E.. 1988. Planning depth, anticipation and the organisation of Middle Palaeolithic technology: the ‘archaic natives’ meet Eve’s descendants, Helinium 27(1): 1734.
Roebroeks, W., & VAN KOLFSCHOTEN, T. (ed.). 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe. Leiden: University of Leiden. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia 27.
Roebroeks, W., & Tuffreau, A.. 1999. Palaeoenvironments and settlement patterns of the northwest European Middle Palaeolithic, in Roebroeks, & Gamble, (ed.): 107–20.
Scott, K., 1986. The large mammal fauna, in Callow, P. & Cornford, J.M. (ed.), La Cotte de St Brelade, Jersey: Excavations by C.B.M. McBurney 1961-1978: 109–38. Norwich: Geo Books.
Shackleton, N.J., 1987. Oxygen isotopes, ice volume and sea level, Quaternary Science Reviews 6: 183–90.
Shackleton, N.J., & Opdyke, N.D.. 1973. Oxygen isotope and palaeomagnetic stratigraphy of equatorial Pacific core V28-238: oxygen isotope temperatures and ice volumes on a 105 and 106 year scale, Quaternary Research 13: 3955.
Smith, W.G., 1894. Man the Primeval Savage. London: Stanfords.
Speeleks, B., 2000. The relevance of the Eemian for the study of the Palaeolithic occupation of Europe, Geologie en Mijnbouw 79: 283–91.
Stuart, A.J., 1976. The history of the mammal fauna during the Ipswichiari/Last Interglacial in England, Philisophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B276: 221–50.
Stuart, A.J., 1995. Insularity and Quaternary vertebrate faunas in Britain and Ireland, in Preece, (ed.): 111–26.
Sutcliffe, A.J., 1975. A hazard in the interpretation of glacial-interglacial sequences, Quaternary Newsletter 17: 13.
Sutcliffe, A.J., 1995. Insularity of the British Isles 250,900-30,000 years ago: the mammalian, including human, evidence, in Preece, (ed.): 127–40.
Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Laurent, M., Baiiain, J.L., Balescu, S., Falcuères, C., Field, M.. HallégouëT, B. & Keen, D.H.. 2000. Middle Pleistocene raised beach anomalies in the English Channel: regional and global stratigraphic implications. Journal of Geodynamics 29: 1541.
Wenban-Smith, E.E., 1995. The Ebbsfleet valley, Northfleet (Baker’s Hole) (TQ 615735), in Bridgland, D.R., Allen, P. & Haggart, B.A. (ed.), The Quaternary of the lower reaches of the Thames: 147–64. Durham: Quaternary Research Association.
White, M., & Jacobi, R.. In press. Two sides to every story: Bout coupé handaxes re-visited, Oxford Journal of Archaeology.
White, M., & Pettitt, . 199. Technology of early Palaeolithic western Europe: innovation, variability and a unified framework, Lithics 16: 2740.
White, M., & Schreve, D.. 2000. Island Britain — peninsula Britain: palaeogeography, colonisation, and the Lower Palaeolithic settlement of the British Isles, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 66: 128.
Whitehead, P.F., 1988. Lower Palaeolithic artefacts from the lower valley of the Warwickshire Avon, in MacRae, R.J. & Moloney, N. (ed.). Non-flinl stone tools and the Palaeolithic occupation of Britain: 103–21. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. British series 189.
Wymer, J.J., 1968. Lower Palaeolithic archaeology in Britain as represented by the Thames Valley. London: John Baker.
Wymer, J.J., 1985. Palaeolithic sites of East Anglia. Norwich: Geo Books.
Wymer, J.J., 1988. Palaeolithic archaeology and the British Quaternary sequence, Quaternary Science Reviews 7: 7998.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed