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Archaeology in the 21st century: six modest recommendations

  • William Andrew Mcdonald (a1)
Abstract

My age-fellows and I, whose professional careers over the past 50 years or so have been devoted to college teaching in the USA and whose fieldwork was conducted mainly in Mediterranean countries, will scarcely see the opening of the next century. Perhaps the most useful contribution veterans like us can now make to the overall discipline – not just to our own ‘wing’ — is to outline certain problems that have particularly disturbed us during our active careers. Younger colleagues – the new decisionmakers – can then judge whether our criticisms are well founded and, if so, what can (or should) be done to alter present practices and attitudes If our concerns are reasonable and our recommendations for remedial action are constructive, we can at least hope that useful discussion will result – particularly in the disciplinary subdivision with which we have been most closely associated.

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Some years ago, Antiquity printed a set of ‘Retrospects‘. It is good, from time to time, to hear one of the seniors in our business tell where we have come from and where we may be going. Here is a prospect, based on knowledge from retrospect, of the view from one of the more adventurous among the older generation of North American classicists.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

A.C. Aufderheide , L.E. Wittmers , F.D. Nieman & G. Rapp JR 1981. Lead in bone II: Skeletal lead content as an indicator of lifetime lead ingestion and the social correlates in an archaeological population, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 55: 285–91.

A.C. Aufderheide , J.L. Wittmers , G. Angel , JR Rapp & others. 1985. Lead in bone III: Prediction of social correlates from skeletal lead content in four colonial American populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 66: 353–61.

A.C. Aufderheide , L.E. Wittmers , G. Rapp Jr & J. Wallgren 1988. Anthropological applications of skeletal lead analysis, American Anthropologist 90: 932–5.

J.C. Kraft 1977. Paleogeographic reconstructions of coastal Aegean archaeological sites, Science 195: 941–7.

J.C. Kraft 1980. Late Pliocene paleogeographic reconstruction in the Bay of Navarino: Sandy Pylos, Journal of Archaeological Science 7: 187210.

J.C. Kraft & S.E. Aschenbrenner 1977. Paleogeographic reconstructions in the Methoni embayment in Greece, Journal of Field Archaeology 4: 1944.

J.C. Kraft , G. Rapp Jr. & S.E. Aschenbrenner 1975. Late Holocene paleogeography of the coastal plain of the Gulf of Messenia, Greece, and its relationship to archaeological settings and coastal change, Geological Society of America Bulletin 86: 11911208.

J.C. Kraft , G. Rapp Jr., S.E. Aschenbrenner & others. 1987. The Pass of Thermopylae, Greece, Journal of Field Archaeology 14: 181–98.

W.A. Mcdonald & G. Rapp Jr. (ed.). 1974. Archaeology in the Graduate School, Journal of Field Archaeology 1: 371–3.

W.A. Mcdonald , G. Rapp Jr. & R. Hope Simpson 1961. Prehistoric habitation in southwestern Peloponnese, American Journal of Archaeology 65: 229–45.

C. Renfrew 1980. The Great Tradition versus the Great Divide: archaeology as anthropology, American Journal of Archaeology 84: 287–98.

A.M. Snodgrass 1985. The New archaeology and the classical archaeologist, American Journal of Archaeology 89: 31–7.

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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