Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Excavation at Lene Hara Cave establishes occupation in East Timor at least 30,000–35,000 years ago

  • Sue O'Connor (a1), Matthew Spriggs (a2) and Peter Veth (a3)
Extract

Reinvestigations of the cave of Lene Hara in East Timor have yielded new dating evidence showing occupation from before 30,000 BP. These will further fuel the debates on early colonization of the region.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Almeida, A. de. 1967. A contribution to the study of rock paintings in Portuguese Timor, in Solheim, (ed.): 6976.
Almeida, A. de & Zybzweski, G.. 1967. A contribution to the study of the prehistory of Portuguese Timor — lithic industries, in Solheim, (ed.): 5567.
Bellwood, P., Nitihaminoto, G., Irwin, G., Gunadi, , Waluyo, A. & Tanudirjo, D.. 1998. 35,000 years of prehistory in the northern Moluccas, in Bartstra, G.-j. (ed.), Bird’s Head approaches: Irian Jaya Studies, a programme for inter-disciplinary research: 23375. Rotterdam: Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 15.
Birdsell, J. B. 1977. The recalibration of a paradigm for the first peopling of greater Australia, in Allen, J., Golson, J. & Jones, R. (ed.), Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric studies in Southeast Asia. Melanesia and Australia: 11367. London: Academic Press.
Chappell, J. 2000, Pleistocene seed beds of western Pacific maritime cultures and the importance of chronology, in O’Connor, S. & Veth, P. (ed.), East of Wallace’s Line: Studies of past and present maritime cultures of the Indo Pacific region: 7798. Rotterdam: Balkema. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 16.
Chappell, J., Omura, A., Esat, T., Mcculloch, M., Pandolfi, J., Ota, Y. & Pillans, B.. 1996, Reconciliation of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral terraces at Huon Peninsula with deep sea oxygen isotope records, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 141: 22736.
Glover, I. 1969. Excavations in Timor. Unpublished Ph.D thesis. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.
Glover, I. 1986. Archaeology in East Timor, 1966–67. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. Terra Australis 11.
Groube, L. M., Chappell, J., Muke, J. & Price, D.. 1986. A 40,000 year old human occupation site at Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, Nature 324: 4535.
Morwood, M. J., Aziz, F., Berch, G. G., van den Sondaar, P. Y. & de Vos, J.. 1997. Stone artefacts from the 1994 excavation at Mata Menge, west central Flores, Indonesia, Australian Archaeology 44: 2634.
Morwood, M. J., Aziz, F., O’sullivan, P., Nasruddin, , Hobbs, D. R. & Raza, A.. 1999. Archaeological and palaeontological research in central Flores, east Indonesia: results of fieldwork 1997–98, Antiquity 73: 27386.
Morwood, M. J., O’sullivan, P., Aziz, F. & Raza, A.. 1998. Fission track age of stone tools and fossils on the east Indonesian island of Flores, Nature 392: 1736.
O’Connor, S., Aplin, K. P., Spriccs, M., Veth, P. & Ayliffe, L. K.. In press. From savannah to rainforest: changing environments and human occupation at Liang Lemdubu, the Aru Islands, Maluku, Indonesia, in Kershaw, P. & David, B. (ed.), Bridging Wallace’s Line: Environmental and human history and dynamics of the southeast Asian-Australian region. Reiskirchen: Catena Verlag. Advances in Geoecology series.
Roberts, R.G, Jones, R., Spooner, N. A., Head, M. J., Murray, A. S. & Smith, M. A.. 1994. The human colonization of Australia: optical dates of 53,000 and 60,000 years bracket human arrival at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory, Quaternary Geochronology 13: 57583.
Schulz, D. 2001. The bones of the family, The Sydney Morning Herald July 9: 9.
Solheim, W. G. II. (ed.). 1967. Archaeology at the Eleventh Pacific Science Congress: Papers presented at the XI Pacific Science Congress, Tokyo, August–September 1966. Honolulu (HI): Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii. Asian and Pacific Archaeology series 1.
Spriggs, M. 1999. Archaeological dates and linguistic sub-groups in the settlement of the Island Southeast Asian-Pacific Region, Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 18: 1724
Thorne, A., Grün, R., Mortimer, G., Spooner, N. A., Simpson, J. J., Mcculloch, M., Taylor, L. & Curnoe, D.. 1999. Australia’s oldest human remains: age of the Lake Mungo 3 skeleton, Journal of Human Evolution 36: 591612.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed