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Grinding flour in Upper Palaeolithic Europe (25000 years bp)

  • Biancamaria Aranguren (a1), Roberto Becattini (a2), Marta Mariotti Lippi (a2) and Anna Revedin (a3)

The authors have identified starch grains belonging to wild plants on the surface of a stone from the Gravettian hunter-gatherer campsite of Bilancino (Florence, Italy), dated to around 25000bp. The stone can be seen as a grindstone and the starch has been extracted from locally growing edible plants. This evidence can be claimed as implying the making of flour – and presumably some kind of bread – some 15 millennia before the local ‘agricultural revolution’.

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