Skip to main content
×
Home

The myth of long-distance megalith transport

  • R. S. Thorpe (a1) and O. Williams-Thorpe
Abstract

The megalithic monuments of western Europe have long been a celebrated proof of the engineering achievements possible in an early farming society. With the engineering skills to raise up the stones went the capability to move them to the site, with Stonehenge the best-known example of an apparent long-distance transport, incorporating Welsh bluestones and sarsens that perhaps originate in the Avebury region to the north. Following their recent challenge to the belief that the builders of Stonehenge did carry its bluestones from west Wales, the authors look critically at the larger pattern of megalithic manoeuvring.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Atkinson R.J.C. 1979. Stonehenge. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Aubrey J. 1980. Monumentu Britannica I. Milborne Post: Dorset Publishing.
Bakker J.A. 1979. The TKB West Group. Amsterdam: instituut voor Prae- en Protohistorie. Cingula 5.
Bakker J.A. & Groenman-van Waateringe W.. 1988. Megaliths, soils and vegetation on the Drenthe Plateau, in Groenman-van Waateringe W. & Robinson M. (ed.). Man-made soils: 14381. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series.
Bartenstein H. & Fletcher B.N.. 1987. The stones of Stonehenge — an ancient observation on their geological and archaeological history. Zeitschrift fur deutsche: Geologische Gesellschaft 138: 2332.
Bowen H.C. & Smith I.F.. 1977. Sarsen stones in Wessex: the Society’s first investigations in the evolution of the landscape project. Antiquaries Journal 57: 18596.
Burl A. 1976. The stone circles of the British Isles. London: Yale University Press.
Burl A. 1985. Megalithic Brittany. London: Thames & Hudson.
Clare T. 1978. Recent work on the Shap ‘Avenue’, Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmoreland Archaeological and Antiquarian Society 78: 515.
Collins G.H. 1976. Appendix 5: geology of the Stones of Stenness, Orkney, in Ritchie J.N.G., The Stones of Stenness, Orkney, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 107: 445.
De Luc J.A. 1811. Geological travels III: Travels in England. London: F.C. and J. Rivington.
Donnelly R., Bevins R.A. & Thorpe R.S.. In preparation. The Storrie Erratic Collection: a reappraisal of the status of the Pencoed ‘Older Drift’ (South Wales).
Dunning F.W., Mercer I.F., Owen M.P., Roberts R.H. & Lambert L.M.. 1978. Britain before man. London: Institute of Geological Sciences.
Dymond D.P. 1966. Ritual monuments at Rudston, E Yorkshire, England, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 32: 8695.
Elgee F. & Elgee H.W.. 1930. The archaeology of Yorkshire. London: Methuen.
Flint R.F. 1971. Glacial and quaternary geology. Chichester: John Wiley.
Geinitz E. 1886. Der Boden Meckenburgs, in Lehmann R. (ed.), Forschungen zur deutschen Lands- und Volkskunde 1: 132. Stuttgard: J. Engelhorn.
Griffiths W.E. 1960. The excavation of stone circles near Penmaenmawr, north Wales. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 26: 30339.
Heggie D.C. 1981. Megalithic science. London: Thames & Hudson.
Institute of Geological Sciences. 1977. Geological Survey Ten Mile Map, South Sheet (Quaternary). London.
Kaelas L. 1983. Megaliths of the Funnel Beaker culture in Germany and Scandinavia, in Renfrew 1983b: 7791.
Kempe D.R.C. 1983. The petrology of building and sculptural stones, in Kempe D.R.C. & Harvey A.P. (ed.). The petrology of archaeological artefacts: 80153. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Kendall P.F. & Wroot H.E.. 1924. Geology of Yorkshire. Vienna: printed privately.
Kent P. 1980. British regional geology, eastern England from the Tees to the Wash. London: HMSO.
Mackie E.W. 1975. Scotland: an archaeological guide. London: Faber & Faber.
Mackie E.W. 1977a. Science and society in prehistoric Britain, London.
Mackie E.W. 1977b. The megalith builders. London.
Malone C. 1989. Avebury. London: Batsford/English Heritage.
Mohen J.-C. 1989. The world of megaliths. London: Cassell.
Mykura W. 1976. British regional geology, Orkney and Shetland. Edinburgh: HMSO.
Ó Riordain S. 1965. Antiquities of the Irish countryside. London: Methuen.
Piggott S. 1962. The West Kennet Long Barrow, excavations 1955-56. London: HMSO. Ministry of Works Archaeological Reports 4.
Rayner D.H. & Hemingway J.E.. 1974. The geology and mineral resources of Yorkshire. Yorkshire Geological Society.
Renfrew C. 1973. Before civilisation: the radiocarbon revolution and prehistoric Europe. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Renfrew C. 1976. Megaliths, territories and populations, Dissertationes Archaeologicae Gandenses 16: 198220.
Renfrew C. 1979. Investigations in Orkney. London: Society of Antiquaries. Reports of the Research Committee 38.
Renfrew C. 1983a. Introduction: the megalith builders of western Europe, in Renfrew 1983b: 817.
Renfrew C. 1983b (ed.). The megalithic monuments of western Europe. London: Thames & Hudson.
Service A. & Bradbery J.. 1981. A guide to the megaliths of Europe. Frogmore: Granada.
Smith I.F. 1965. Windmill Hill and Avebury: excavations by Alexander Keiller 1925-1939. Oxford: Clarendon.
Summerfield M.A. & Goudie A.S.. 1980. The sarsens of southern England: their palaeoenvironmental interpretation with reference to other silcretes, in Jones D. (ed.), The shaping of southern Britain: 71100. Institute of British Geographers. Special Publication.
Thomas N. 1976. A guide to prehistoric England. London.
Thorpe R.S., Williams-Thorpe O., Jenkins D.G. & Watson J.S.. In press. The geological sources and transport of the bluestones of Stonehenge. Wiltshire, UK, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society.
Wilson V. 1948. British regional geology, east Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. London: HMSO.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 19 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 247 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.