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Rock-art image in Fern Cave, Lava Beds National Monument, California: not the AD 1054 (Crab Nebula) supernova

  • R. A. Armitage (a1), M. Hyman (a1), J. Southon (a2), C. Barat (a3) and M. W. Rowe (a1)...
Extract

The visual manifestation of the recent Hale-Bopp comet reminds us how telling are those rare objects which suddenly flare in the sky. One can suppose ancient people living by natural light were more compellingly struck by the sight of comets and supernovae, and understandably researchers seek images of them in the shapes of rock-art motifs. An absolute dating contradicts that supposition in respect of a presumed image of the visible supernova of AD 1054.

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References
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Brandt, J.C., Maran, S.P., Williamson, R.A., Harrington, R.S., Cochran, C., Kennedy, M.M., Kennedy, W.J. & Chamberlain, von Del. 1975 . Possible rock art records of the Crab Nebula supernova in the western United States, in Aveni, A.F. [ed.), Archaeoastronomy in Pre-Columbian America: 4558. Austin (TX): University of Texas Press.
Brandt, J.C. & Williamson, R.A. 1979. The 1054 supernova and native American rock art, Archaeoastronomy 1: Sl37.
Clark, D.H. & Stephenson, F.R. 1977. The Historical Supernovae: 140–60. New York (NY): Pergamon Press.
Duyvenduk, J.J.L. 1942. Further data bearing on the identification of the Crab Nebula with the supernova of 1054 A.D. Part I. The ancient oriental chronicle, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pocific 54: 91–4.
Hubble, E. 1928. Novae or temporary stars, Astronomical Society of the Pacific Leaflet 14: 55–8.
Ilger, W., Hyman, M., Southon, J.R. & Rowe, M.W. 1996. Radiocarbon Dating of Ancient Rock Paintings, in Orna, M.V. (ed.) Archoeological Chemistry: Organic, Inorganic, and Biocheznica Analysis: 401–14. Washington (DC): American Chemical Society.
Stuiver, M. & Reimer, P.J. 1993. Extended 14C: data hase and revised CALIR 3.0 14C age calibration program, Radiocarbon 35: 215–30.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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