Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Two ‘Oldowan’ assemblages in the Plio-Pleistocene deposits of the Orce region, southeast Spain

  • J. Gibert (a1), Ll. Gibert (a2) (a3), A. Iglesias (a4) and E. Maestro (a5)
Abstract

Stone artefacts reported from the Orce region (Grenada, Spain) indicate a first human presence in western Europe as early as the Plio-Pleistocene boundary, making a ‘long chronology’ for European hominids against the claims for a briefer human presence. Excavations of Barranco León-5 and Fuentenueva-3a in 1995 have produced two groups of lithic artefacts of ‘Oldowan’ type, seen as the most ancient of western Europe by faunal associations and palaeomagnetic study.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Agustí, J. 1984. Biostratigrafía de los depoósitos Plio-Pleistocenos de la depresión Guadix-Baza (Prov. Granada), Paleontologia i Evolucio XIV: 1318.
Agustí, J., Moyàa-Solà, S. & Pons-Moyà, J.> 1987. La sucesión de mamíferos en el Pleistoceno inferior de Europa: Proposición de una nueva escala, Paleontologia i Evolucio Mem. esp. 1: 28795.
Agustí, J., Oms, O. & Pares., J.M. 1997. Calibration of the late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene transition in continental beds of the Guadix-Baza Basin (southeast Spain). Quaternary International 40: 93100.
Bermudez De Castro, J.M., Arsuaga, J.L., Carbonelll, E., Rosas, A., Martinez, I. & Mosquera, M. 1997. A hominid from the Lower Pleistocene of Atapuerca, Spain: possible ancestor to Neanderthals and modern humans, Science 276: 13925.
Bosinski, G. 1992. Die ersten Menschen in Eurasien, Jahrbuch Des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums (Mainz) 39: 13181.
Bonikay, E. & Vandermeersch, B. (Ed.). 1991. Les Premiers Européens. Paris: Editions du CTHS. Actus du 114 Congrès National des Sociétés Savantes (Paris).
Bonifay, B. 1991. Les premières industries du sud-est de la France et du Massif Central, in Les premiers européens: 6380.
Carbonell, E., Bermudez De Castro, J.M., Arsuaga, J.L., Diez, J.C., Rosas, A., Cuenca-Bescos, G., Sala, R., Mosquera, M. & Rodriguez, X.P. 1995. Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain), Science 269: 8269.
Dennell, R. & Roebroeks, W 1996. The earliest colonization of Europe: the short chronology revisited, Antiquity 70: 53542.
Gamble, C. 1994. Time for Boxgrove man, Nature 369: 275.
Garcés, M. 1994. Magnetoestratigrafía de los sedimentos lacustres Pliocenos do la sección de Galera (Cuenca de Guadix-Baza, Cordilleras Béticas), Acta Geológica Hispánica 29: 1914.
Gibert, J., Arribas, A., Martinez, B., Albaladejo, S., Gaete, R., Gibert, LL., Oms, O., Peñas, C. & Torrico, R. 1994. Biostratigraphie et magnétostratigraphie des gisements à présence humaine et action anthropique du Pleistocene inférieur de la région d’Orce (Grenade, Espagne), Comptes Rendues, Académie Des Sciences Paris serie II 318: 127782.
Gibert, J., Iglesias, A., Maillo, A., Gibert, LL. 1992. Industrias líticas en el Pleistoceno inferior en la región de Orce, in Museo de Prehistoria Gibert, J. (ed.), Presencia Humann en el Pleistoceno Inferior De Granada y Murcia. Orce: Museo de Prehistoria J. Gibert.
Gibert, J., Leakey, M., Ribot, F., Gibert, Ll., Arribas, A. & Martinez, B. 1995. Presence of the Cercopithecid genus Theropilhecus in Cueva Victoria (Murcia, Spain), Journal of Human Evolution 28: 48793.
Gibert, J., Martinez, B., Jiménez, C., Ferrandez, C., Iglesias, A., Arribas, A., Ribot, F. & Vartuca, F. 1989. Estudio preliminar de las industrias liticas del Pleistoceno inferior de las cañadas dc Vélez y el Salar (Orce, Granada), in Gibert, J., Campillo, D. & Garciía-Olivares, F. (ed.), Los restos humanos de Orce y Cueva Victória: 36378. Sabadell: Instituto Paleontologia ‘M. Crusafont’.
Gibert, LL., Maestro, E., Gibert, J. & Albaladejo, S. 1995. Abstracts: International Conference of Human Paleontology (Orce, Spain).
Gibert, LL., 1997. Depositional cycles in the Orce region (Guadix-Baza, southeast Spain) and their relation with Plio-Pleistocene climatic changes, études De Géographie Physique, supplément au no XXVI: 1516.
Gibert, LL., In press. Continental Plio-Pleistocene depositional cycles in the Guadix-Baza basin, Cuaternario y Geomorfologia.
Martinez, B. 1992. Revisión systemática de la fauna de macro-mamíeros del yacimiento de Vcnta Micena, in Gibert, J. (ed.): Proyecto Orce-Cueva-Victoria (1988-1992): 2185. Orce: Museo de Prehistoria J. Gibert.
Oms, O., Dinarès, J. & Parés, J.M. 1996. Resultados paleomagnéticos iniciales de la sección Plio-Pleistocena de Fuente Nueva (Cuenca de Guadix-Baza, Cordilleras Béticas), Revista Sociedad Geologica De España 9: 12.
Roe, D.A. 1995. The Orce basin (Andalucía, Spain) and the initial Palaeolithic of Europe, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 14: 112.
Roebroeks, W. & Van Kolfschoten, T. 1994. The earliest occupation of Europe: a short chronology, Antiquity 68: 489503.
Sémah, F. 1985. Analyses paléomagnétiques dans la depression de Guadix-Baza (Grenade, Espagne). Unpublished. Sabadell: Instituto Paleontologia ‘M. Crusafont’.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed