Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Human drug addiction is more than faulty decision-making

  • Carl L. Hart (a1) (a2) and Robert M. Krauss (a2)

We commend Redish et al. for the progress they have made in bringing a measure of theoretical order to the processes that underlie drug addiction. However, incorporating information about situations in which drug users do not exhibit faulty decision-making into the theory would greatly enhance its generality and practical value. This commentary draws attention to the relevant human substance abuse literature.

Hide All
Comer S. D., Collins E. D. & Fischman M. W. (1997) Choice between money and intranasal heroin in morphine-maintained humans. Behavioural Pharmacology 8:677–90.
Comer S. D., Collins E. D., Wilson S. T., Donovan M. R., Foltin R. W. & Fischman M. W. (1998) Effects of an alternative reinforcer on intravenous heroin self-administration by humans. European Journal of Pharmacology 345:1326.
Doty P. & de Wit H. (1995) Effect of setting on the reinforcing and subjective effects of ethanol in social drinkers. Psychopharmacology 118:1927.
Foltin R. W., Fischman M. W., Brady J. V., Capriotti R. M. & Emurian C. S. (1989) The regularity of smoked marijuana self-administration. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 32:483–86.
Hart C. L., Haney M., Foltin R. W. & Fischman M. W. (2000) Alternative reinforcers differentially modify cocaine self-administration by humans. Behavioral Pharmacology 11(1):8791.
Hart C. L., Haney M., Vosburg S. K., Comer S. D. & Foltin R. W. (2005) Reinforcing effects of oral Δ9-THC in male marijuana smokers in a laboratory choice procedure. Psychopharmacology 181:237–43.
Hart C. L., Haney M., Vosburg S. K., Rubin E. & Foltin R. W. (2008) Smoked cocaine self-administration is decreased by modafinil. Neuropsychopharmacology 33:761–68.
Hatsukami D. K., Thompson T. N., Pentel P. R., Flygare B. K. & Carroll M. E. (1994) Self-administration of smoked cocaine. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2(2):115–25.
Higgins S. T., Bickel W. K. & Hughes J. R. (1994) Influence of an alternative reinforcer on human cocaine self-administration. Life Sciences 55:179–87.
Higgins S. T., Heil S. H. & Lussier J. P. (2004) Clinical implications of reinforcement as a determinant of substance use disorders. Annual Review of Psychology 55(1):431–61.
Rosado J., Sigmon S. C., Jones H. E. & Stitzer M. L. (2005) Cash value of voucher reinforcers in pregnant drug-dependent women. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 13:4147.
Stitzer M. L., McCaul M. E., Bigelow G. E. & Liebson I. A. (1983) Oral methadone self-administration: Effects of dose and alternative reinforcers. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 34:2935.
Substance Abuse and Mental Heath Services Administration. (2007) Results from the 2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-32, DHHS Pub. No. SMA 7–4293. Rockville, MD.
Vandrey R., Bigelow G. E. & Stitzer M. L. (2007) Contingency management in cocaine abusers: A dose-effect comparison of goods-based versus cash-based incentives. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 15:338–43.
Wilens T. E., Faraone S. V., Biederman J. & Gunawardene S. (2003) Does stimulant therapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder beget later substance abuse? A meta-analytic review of the literature. Pediatrics 111:179–85.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 25
Total number of PDF views: 78 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 215 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.