Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Nature and nurture

  • Robert Plomin (a1) and C. S. Bergeman (a2)
  • In response to commentaries on:
Copyright
References
Hide All
Aneshensel, C. S., Estrada, A. L., Hansell, M. J. & Clark, V. A. (1987) Social psychological aspects of reporting behavior: Lifetime depressive episode reports. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 28:232–46. [LW]
Arsenian, J. & Arsenian, J. M. (1948) Tough and easy cultures. Psychiatry 11:377–85. [AC]
Bachman, J. G. (1970) The impact of family background and intelligence on tenth grade boys. Youth in transition, vol. 2. Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. [RCJ]
Bachman, J. G., O'Malley, P. M. & Johnston, J. (1978) Adolescence to adulthood: Change and stability in the lives of young men. Youth in transition, vol. 6. Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. [RCJ]
Baker, L. A. & Daniels, D. (1990) Nonshared environmental influences and personality differences in adult twins. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58:103–10. [aRP]
Bell, R. Q. (1968) A reinterpretation of the direction of effects in socialization. Psychological Review 75:8195. [aRP, DCR, IDW]
Bem, D. J. (1983) Constructing a theory of the triple typology: Some (second) thoughts on nomothetic and idiographic approaches to personality. Journal of Personality 52:566–77. [AC]
Bem, D. J. & Funder, D. C. (1978) Predicting more of the people more of the time: Assessing the personality of situations. Psychological Review 85:485501. [AC]
Bergeman, C. S. & Plomin, R. (1988) Parental mediators of the genetic relationship between the home environment and infant mental development. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 6:1119. [aRP, IDW]
Bergeman, C. S., Plomin, R., Pedersen, N. L., McClearn, G. E. & Nesselroade, J. R. (1990) Genetic and environmental influences on social support: The Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging (SATSA). Journal of Gerontology 45:101–06. [aRP]
Billy, J. O. G. & Udry, J. R. (1985) Patterns of adolescent friendship and effects on sexual behavior. Social Psychology Quarterly 48:2741. [AC]
Block, J. & Block, J. H. (1981) Studying situatiorial dimensions: A grand perspective and some limited empiricism. In: Toward a psychology of situations, ed. Magnusson, D.. Erlbaum. [rRP, AC]
Bock, R. D. & Zimowski, M. F. (1987) Contributions of the biometrical approach to individual differences in personality measures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:17. [PHS]
Bonner, J. T. (1987) The next big problem in developmental biology. American Zoologist 27:715–23. [RS]
Bouchard, P. R. & Lynch, C. B. (1989) Burrowing behavior in wild house mice: Variation within and between populations. Behavior Genetics 19:447–57. [MD]
Bouchard, T. J. Jr. & McGue, M. (1990) Genetic and rearing environmental influences on adult personality: An analysis of adopted twins reared apart. Journal of Personality 58:263–92. [rRP, MM, LW]
Bouchard, T. J. Jr., Lykken, D. T., McGue, M., Segal, N. L. & Tellegen, A. (1990) Sources of human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science 250:223–28. [rRP, MM, AT]
Braungart, J. M., Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & Fulker, D. W. (in press) Genetics of the environment during infancy: A sibling adoption study. Behavior Genetics (abstract). [aRP]
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1975) Nature with nurture: A reinterpretation of the evidence. In: Race and IQ, ed. Montague, A.. Oxford University Press (New York). [UB]
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979) The ecology of human development. Harvard University Press. [UB]
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1986) Ecology of the family as a context for human development. Developmental Psychology 22:723–42. [UB, TDW]
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989) Ecological systems theory. In: Six theories of child development, ed. Vasta, R.. Jai Press. [UB]
Bronfenbrenner, U. (in press) The ecology of cognitive development. In: Thinking in contexts, ed. Fischer, K. W. & Wozniak, R.. Erlbaum. [UB]
Bronfenbrenner, U. & Crouter, A. C. (1983) The evolution of environmental models in developmental research. In: History, theory, and methods, ed. Kessen, W. & Mussen, P. H., vol. 1 of Handbook of child psychology, 4th ed. Wiley. [UB]
Brown, G. G. & Harris, T. (1978) Social origins of depression. A study of psychiatric disorder in women. Tavistock. [FS]
Brown, G. W. & Rutter, M. (1966) The measurement of family activities and relationships. Human Relations 19:241–63. [RG]
Bryant, J., ed. (1990) Television and the American family. Erlbaum. [aRP]
Buss, D. M. (1984) Toward a psychology of person-environment correspondence: The role of spouse selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 47:361–77. [AC]
Bussey, K. & Bandura, A. (1984) Influence of gender constancy and social power on sex-linked modeling. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 47:12921302. [DCR]
Cairns, J., Overbaugh, J. & Miller, S. (1988) The origin of mutants. Nature 335:142–54. [RS]
Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerrnan, H. J., Gest, S. D. & Gariepy, J.-L. (1988) Social networks and aggressive behavior: Peer support or peer rejection? Developmental Psychology 24:815–23. [AC]
Caldwell, B. H. & Bradley, R. H. (1978) Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment. University of Arkansas Press. [aRP]
Capron, C. & Duyme, M. (1989) Assessment of effects of socioeconomic status on IQ in a full cross-fostering study. Nature 340:552–54. [MD]
Capron, C. & Duyme, M. (in press) Is IQ a relevant trait for genetic analysis? Abstracts of the 20th Behavior Genetic Association Meeting. Behavior Genetics. [JH]
Caspi, A. & Bern, D. J. (1990) Personality continuity and change across the life course. In: Handbook of personality theory and research, ed. Pervin, L.. Guilford. [AC]
Caspi, A., Bern, D. J. & Elder, G. H. Jr., (1989) Continuities and consequences of interactional styles across the life course. Journal of Personality 57:375406. [AC]
Caspi, A., Elder, G. H. Jr. & Bern, D. J. (1987) Moving against the world: Life-course patterns of explosive children. Developmental Psychology 23:308–13. [AC]
Cattell, R. B. (1982) The inheritance of personality and ability: Research methods and findings. Academic Press. [MM]
Chipuer, H. M., Plomin, R., Pedersen, N. L., McClearn, G. E. & Nesselroade, J. R. (submitted) Genetic influence on family environment: The role of personality. [rRP]
Clarke, A. M. & Clarke, A. D. B. (1976) Early experience: Myth and evidence. Free Press. [DCR]
Cohen, D. J., Dibble, E. & Grawe, J. M. (1977) Fathers' and mothers' perceptions of children's personality. Archives of General Psychiatry 38:861–69. [aRP]
Coon, H., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C. & Plomin, R. (1990) Home environment and cognitive ability of 7-year-old children in the Colorado Adoption Project: Genetic and environmental etiologies. Developmental Psychology 26:459–68. [aRP, DIB, HL]
Cullis, C. A. (1975) Environmentally induced DNA differences in flax. In: Modification of the information content of plant cells, ed. Markham, R., Davis, D. R., Hopwood, D. A. & Home, W. R.. North Holland. [RS]
Daniels, D. & Plomin, R. (1985) Differential experience of siblings in the same family. Developmental Psychology 2(1):747–60. [aRP]
Dawkins, R. (1982) The extended phenotype: The gene as the unit of selection. Oxford University Press, Oxford. [KSK]
De Candolle, A. (1873) Histoire des sciences et des savants depuis deux siécles. George. [DKS]
DeFries, J. C. & Fulker, D. W. (1985) Multiple regression of twin data. Behavior Genetics 15:467–73. [IDW]
DeFries, J. C., Gervais, M. C. & Thomas, E. A. (1978) Response to 30 generations of selection for open-field activity in laboratory mice. Behavior Genetics 8:313. [rRP]
Dunn, J. F. & Plomin, R. (1986) Determinants of maternal behavior towards infant siblings. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 4:127–37. [aRP]
Dunn, J. F., Plomin, R. & Daniels, D. (1986) Consistency and change in mothers' behavior towards young siblings. Child Development 57:348–56. [aRP]
Dunn, J. F., Plomin, R. & Nettles, M. (1985) Consistency of mothers' behavior towards infant siblings. Developmental Psychology 21:1188–95. [aRP]
Edelman, G. M. (1987) Neural Darwinism: The theory of neuronal group selection. Basic Books. [ETh]
Edelman, G. M. (1988) Topobiology: An introduction to molecular embryology. Basic Books. [ETh]
Feldman, D. (1986) Nature's gambit. Basic Books. [DKS]
Finkel, D. & McGue, M. (submitted) Twenty-five year follow-up of child-rearing style: An investigation of retrospective data. [MM]
Folstein, S., Franz, M. I., Jensen, B. A., Chase, G. A. & Folstein, M. F. (1983) Conduct disorder and affective disorder among the offspring of patients with Huntington's chorea. Psychological Medicine 13:4552. [MR]
Freud, S. (1964) Leonardo da Vinci and a memory of his childhood (trans. Tyson, A.). Norton (orig. pub. 1910). [DKS]
Fulker, D. W. & Eysenck, H. J. (1979) Nature and nurture: Heredity. In: The structure and measurement of intelligence, ed. Eysenck, H. J.. Springer-Verlag. [aRP]
Galton, F. (1869) Hereditary genius: An inquiry into its laws and consequences. Macmillan. [PHS, DKS, MD]
Galton, F. (1888) Co-relations and their measurement, chiefly from anthropological data. Proceedings of the Royal Society 45:135–45. [DKS]
Goodman, R. & Stevenson, J. (1989) A twin study of hyperactivity: II. The aetiological role of genes, family relationships, and perinatal adversity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 30:691709. [RG]
Gottesman, I. I. & Shields, J. (1982) Schizophrenia: The epigenetic puzzle. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge). [MM]
Graham, P. & Stevenson, J. (1985) A twin study of genetic influences on behavioural deviance. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 24:3341. [RG]
Haken, H. (1983) Synergetics: An introduction. Springer-Verlag. [ETh]
Heath, A. C., Neale, M. C., Hewitt, J. K., Eaves, L. J. & Fulker, D. W. (1989) Testing structural equal models for twin data using LISREL-VI. Behavior Genetics 19:935. [JKH]
Henderson, N. D. (1982) Human behavior genetics. Annual Review of Psychology 33:403–40. [PHS]
Henderson, S., Duncan-Jones, P., Byrne, D. G. & Scott, R. (1980) Measuring social relationships: The interview schedule for social interaction. Psychological Medicine 10:723–34. [aRP]
Hirsch, J. (1981) To “unfrock the charlatans.” SAGE Race Relations Abstracts 6(2):165. Sage Publications, Ltd. [JH]
Hirsch, J. (1990) A nemesis for heritability estimation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13:137–38. [JH]
Hofer, M. (1981) The roots of human behavior: An introduction to the psychobiology of early development. W. H. Freeman. [RS]
Holden, G. & Edwards, L. (1989) Parental attitudes toward childrearing: Instruments, issues and implications. Psychological Bulletin 106:2958. [TDW]
Holmes, T. H. (1979) Development and application of a quantitative measure of life change magnitude. In: Stress and mental disorder, ed. Barrett, J. E.. Raven. [aRP]
Holmes, T. H. & Rahe, R. H. (1967) The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 11:213–18. [aRP]
Horn, J. M., Loehlin, J. C. & Willerman, L. (1979) Intellectual resemblance among adoptive and biological relatives: The Texas adoption project. Behavior Genetics 9:177207. [MD]
House, J. (1981) Social structure and personality. In: Social psychology: Sociological perspectives, ed. Rosenberg, M. & Turner, R. H.. Basic Books. [AC]
Jenkins, P. F. (1977) Cultural transmission of song patterns and dialect development in a free-living bird population. Animal Behaviour 25:5078. [RS]
Jensen, A. R. (1980) Bias in mental testing. Free Press. [aRP]
Jinks, J. L. & Fulker, D. W. (1970) Comparison of the biometrical, genetical, MAVA, and classical approaches to the analysis of human behavior. Psychological Bulletin 73:311–49. [PHS]
John, O. (1990) The “Big Five” factor taxonomy: Dimensions of personality in the natural language and in questionnaires. In: Handbook of personality theory and research, ed. Pervin, L.. Guilford. [AC]
Johnston, T. (1987) The persistence of dichotomies in the study of behavioral development. Developmental Review 7:149–82. [RHB]
Johnston, T. (1988) Developmental explanation and the ontogeny of birdsong: Nature/nurture redux. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11:617–63. [RS]
Jones, J. S. (1980) Can genes choose habitats? Nature 286:757–58. [aRP]
Kamin, L. J. (1974) The science and politics of lQ. Erlbaum. [DAH]
Kandel, D. B. (1978) Homophily, selection and socialization in adolescent friendships. American Journal of Sociology 84:427–36. [AC]
Kempthorne, O. (1990) How does one apply statistical analysis to our understanding of the development of human relationships? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13:138–39. [JH]
King, J. C. (1981) The biology of race. University of California Press. [PHS]
Kohn, M. & Schooler, C. (1983) Work and personality: An inquiry into social stratification. Ablex. [AC]
Lehtovaara, A. (1938) Psychologis'che Zwillingsuntersuchungen. Finnish Academy of Science. [aRP]
Levins, R. & Lewonton, R. (1985) The dialectical biologist. Harvard University Press. [DB]
Lewin, B. (1987) Genes. Wiley. [MD]
Lewin, K. (1935) A dynamic theory of personality. McGraw-Hill. [AC, UB]
Lichtenstein, P. & Pedersen, N. L. (in press) Genetic analyses of socioeconomic status in twins reared apart and twins reared together. Behavior Genetics (abstract). [aRP]
Lidz, T., Fleck, S. & Cornelison, A. (1965) Schizophrenia and the family. International University Press. [FS]
Locurto, C. (in press) The malleability of IQ as judged from adoption studies. Intelligence. [rRP]
Loehlin, J. C. (1982) Are personality traits differentially heritable? Behavior Genetics 12:417–28. [aRP]
Loehlin, J. C. & Nichols, R. C. (1976) Heredity, environment and personality. University of Texas Press. [aRP, DAH, PHS]
Luce, R. D. & Tukey, J. W. (1964) Simultaneous conjoint measurement: A new type of fundamental measurement. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 1:127. [FLB]
Lumsden, C. J. (1989) Does culture need genes? Ethology and Sociobiology 10:1128. [aRP]
Lykken, D. T., Bouchard, T. J., McGue, M. & Tellegen, A. (1990) The Minnesota twin family registry: Some initial findings. Ada Geneticae Medicae and Gemellologiae 36:3570. [ETu]
Lyle, J. & Hoffman, H. R. (1972) Children's use of television and other media. In: Television in day-to-day life: Patterns of use, ed. Rubinstein, E. A., Comstock, G. A. & Murray, J. P.. U.S. Government Printing Office. [aRP]
Lytton, H. (1977) Do parents create or respond to differences in twins? Developmental Psychology 13:456–59. [aRP, IDW]
Lytton, H. (1980) Parent-child interaction: The socialization process observed in twin and singleton families. Plenum. [aRP; HL]
Lytton, H. (1990) Child and parent effects in boys' conduct disorder: A reinterpretation. Developmental Psychology 26:683–97. [HL]
Lytton, H., Watts, D. & Dunn, B. E. (1986) Stability and predictability of cognitive and social characteristics from age 2 to age 9. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs 112:361–98. [HL]
Lytton, H., Watts, D. & Dunn, B. E. (1988) Stability of genetic determination from age 2 to age 9: A longitudinal twin study. Social Biology 35:6273. [HL]
Main, M., Kaplan, N. & Cassidy, J. (1985) Security in infancy, childhood and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. In: Growing points of attachment theory and research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, Serial No. 209, ed. Bretherton, I. & Waters, E.. 50:66104. [aRP]
Martin, N. G., Boomsma, D. I. & Neale, M. C. (1989) Genetic analysis of twin and family data: Structural modeling using LISREL. Forward. Behavior Genetics 19:57. [DAH, JKH]
Martin, N. G., Eaves, L. J., Kearsey, M. J. & Davies, P. (1978) The power of the classical twin study. Heredity 40:97116. [DAH]
Martin, N. G., Eaves, L. J., Heath, A. C., Jardine, R., Feingold, L. M. & Eysenck, H. J. (1986) Transmission of social attitudes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 83:4364–368. [RCJ, ETu]
Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G., eds. (1990) Organizational constraints on the dynamics of evolution. Manchester Press. [RS]
McClearn, G. E., Pedersen, N. L., Plomin, R., Nesselroade, J. R., Friberg, L. & DeFaire, U. (submitted) Age and gender effects for individual differences in behavioral aging: The Swedish Adoption/Twin Study of Aging. [aRP]
McClintock, B. (1951) Chromosome organization and genie expression. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 16:1347. [RS]
McClintock, B. (1978) Mechanisms that rapidly reorganize the genome. Stadler Genetics Symposia 10:2548. [RS]
McGuffin, P., Katz, R. & Bebbington, P. (1988) The Camberwell Collaborative Depression Study. III. Depression and adversity in the relatives of depressed probands. British Journal of Psychiatry 152:775–182. [rRP]
Mednick, S. A. & McNeil, T. F. (1968) Current methodology in research on the etiology of schizophrenia. Psychological Bulletin 70:681–93. [FS]
Moos, E. H. (1973) Conceptualizations of human environments. American Psychologist 28:652–65. [rRP, AC]
Moos, R. H. & Moos, B. S. (1981) Family Environment Scale manual. Consulting Psychologists Press. [aRP]
Mortimore, P., Sammons, P., Stoll, L., Lewis, D. & Ecob, R. (1988) School matters: The junior years. Open Books. [MR]
Morton, N. E. (1974) Analysis of family resemblance. I. Introduction. American Journal of Human Genetics 26:318–30. [DB]
Mosteller, M., Meyer, J. M., Eaves, L. J., Hewitt, J. K. & Schieken, R. M. (1990) The covariate in genetic analyses: A comparison of residuals analysis and the bivariate common factor model approach. Behavior Genetics 20:275–76. [JKH]
Moster, M. (1990) Stressful life events: Genetic and environmental components arid their relationship to affective symptomatology. Unpub. Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. [rRP, MM]
Newcomb, T. M. (1961) The acquaintance process. Wiley. [AC]
Nichols, R. C. (1965) The national merit twin study. In: Methods and goals in human behavior genetics. Academic Press. [PHS]
Osborne, T. (1980) Twins: Black and white. Foundation for Human Understanding. [PHS]
Oyama, S. (1985) The ontogeny of information: Developmental systems and evolution. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge). [rRP, RHB RS, ETh]
Paykel, E. S. (1983) Methodological aspects of life events research. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 27:341–52. [aRP]
Pearl, D., Bouthilet, L. & Lazar, J., eds. (1982) Television and behavior: Ten years of scientific progress and implications for the'eighties, vol. 1. U.S. Government Printing Office. [aRP]
Pedersen, N. L., McClearn, G. E., Plomin, R., Nesselroade, J. R., Berg, S. & DeFaire, U. (in press) The Swedish Adoption/Twin Study on Aging: An update. Ada Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae. [aRP]
Perry, D. G. & Bussey, K. (1979) The social learning theory of sex differences. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 37:16991712. [DCR]
Persson, G. (1980) Prevalence of mental disorders in a 70-year-old urban population. Ada Psychiatrica Scandinavica 62:112–18. [aRP]
Plomin, R. (1986) Development, genetics, and psychology. Erlbaum. [aRP]
Plomin, R. (1990a) The role of inheritance in behavior. Science 248:183–88. [rRP]
Plomin, R. (1990b) Trying to shoot the messenger for his message. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13:144. [JH]
Plomin, R. & Daniels, D. (1987) Why are children in the same family so different from one another? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:116. [arRP, DIB, UB, AC, RCJ, DCR, PHS, SS, ETh]
Plomin, R. & Nesselroade, J. R. (1990) Behavioral genetics and personality change. Journal of Personality 58:191220. [aRP]
Plomin, R., Chipuer, H. M., & Loehlin, J. C. (1990) Behavioral genetics and personality. In: Handbook of personality theory and research, ed. Pervin, L. A.. Guilford. [aRP]
Plomin, R., Corley, R., DeFries, J. C. & Fulker, D. W. (1990) Individual differences in television viewing in early childhood: Nature as well as nurture. Psychological Science 1:371–77. [aRP, ETu]
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & Fulker, D. W. (1988) Nature and nurture during infancy and early childhood. Cambridge University Press. [aRP, IDW]
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C., & Loehlin, J. C. (1977) Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychological Bulletin 84:309–22. [rRP, MM, ETu]
Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C. & McClearn, G. E. (1990) Behavioral genetics: A primer, 2nd ed. W. H. Freeman. [arRP, FLB]
Plomin, R., Lichtenstein, P., Pedersen, N. L., McClearn, G. E. & Nesselroade, J. R. (1990) Genetic inluence on life events during the last half of the life span. Psychology and Aging 5:2530. [arRP, MM]
Plomin, R., Loehlin, J. C. & DeFries, J. C. (1985) Genetic and environmental components of “environmental” influences. Developmental Psychology 21:391402. [aRP, DIB]
Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., Pedersen, N. L., Nesselroade, J. R. & Bergeman, C. S. (1988) Genetic influence on childhood family environment perceived retrospectively from the last half of the life span. Developmental Psychology 24:738–45. [arRP, PHS, LW]
Plomin, R., McClearn, G. E., Pedersen, N. L., Nesselroade, J. R. & Bergeman, C. S. (1989) Genetic influence on adults' ratings of their current family environment. Journal of Marriage and the Family 51:791803. [arRP, DAH]
Plomin, R., Pedersen, N. L., McClearn, G. E., Nesselroade, J. R. & Bergeman, C. S. (1988) EAS temperaments during the last half of the life span: Twins reared apart and twins reared together. Psychology and Aging 3:450. [aRP, PHS]
Pollard, J. W. (1987) The moveable genome: Weismann's doctrine and new models for speciation. Revista di BiologialBiology Forum 80:1154. [RS]
Quinton, D. & Rutter, M. (1988) Parenting breakdown: The making and breaking of inter-generational links. Aldershot: Avebury. [MR]
Ramey, C. T., Bryant, D. M. & Suarez, T. M. (1985) Preschool compensatory education and the modifiability of intelligence: A critical review. In: Current topics in human intelligence, ed. Detterman, D.. Ablex. [SS]
Rice, T., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C. & Plomin, R. (1988) Path analysis of IQ during infancy and early childhood and an index of the home environment in the Colorado Adoption Project. Intelligence 12:2745. [aRP]
Richardson, L. F. (1913) The measurement of mental “nature” and the study of adopted children. Eugenic Review 4:391–94. [MD]
Richman, N., Stevenson, J. & Graham, P. J. (1982) Preschool to school: A behavioural study. Academic Press. [RG]
Roberts, R. C. (1967) Some concepts and methods in quantitative genetics. In: Behavior-genetic analysis, ed. Hirsch, J.. McGraw-Hill. [rRP, ETu]
Robins, L. (1966) Deviant children grown up. Williams & Wilkins. [MR]
Roe, A. (1953) The making of a scientist. Dodd, Mead. [DKS]
Rosambeau, M. (1987) How twins grow up. The Bodley Head. [DAH]
Roubertoux, P. L. & Capron, C. (1990) Are intelligence differences hereditarily transmitted? Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive, European Bulletin of Cognitive Psychology 10:555–94. [MD, JH]
Roubertoux, P. L., Nosten-Bertrand, M. & Carlier, M. (1990) Additive and interactive effects between genotype and maternal environments, concepts and facts. Advances in the Study of Behavior 19:205–47. [MD]
Rowe, D. C. (1981) Environmental and genetic influences on dimensions of perceived parenting: A twin study. Developmental Psychology 17:203–08. [aRP, DB, DAH, HL]
Rowe, D. C. (1983) A biometrical analysis of perceptions of family environment: A study of twin and singleton sibling kinships. Child Development 54:416–23. [aRP, DAH, HL]
Rowe, D. C. (1990) As the twig is bent? The myth of childrearing influences on personality development. Journal of Counseling and Development 68:606–11. [DCR]
Rowe, D. C. & Osgood, D. W. (1984) Heredity and sociological theories of delinquency. American Sociological Review 49:526–40. [AC]
Rowe, D. C. & Plomin, R. (1981) The importance of nonshared (E1) environmental influences in behavioral development. Developmental Psychology 17:517–31. [DCR]
Rushton, P. (1988) Epigenic rules in moral development: Distal-proximal approaches to altruism and aggression. Aggressive Behavior 14:3550. [MM]
Rutter, M. (1978) Family, area and school influences in the genesis of conduct disorders. In: Aggression and antisocial behavior in childhood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Book series 1, ed. Hersov, L., Berger, M. & Shaffer, D.. Pergamon. [MR]
Rutter, M. & Brown, G. W. (1966) The reliability and validity of measures of family life and relationships in families containing a psychiatric patient. Social Psychiatry, 1:3853. [RG]
Rutter, M., Maughan, B., Mortimore, P. & Ouston, J., & Smith, A. (1979) Fifteen thousand hours: Secondary schools and their effects on children. Open Books (Harvard University Press, 1980). [MR]
Scandalios, J. H. (1990) Genomic responses to environmental stress. Cambridge University Press. [rRP]
Scarr, S. (1968) Environmental bias in twin studies. Eugenics Quarterly 15:3440. [aRP, RG]
Scarr, S. (1987) Distinctive environments depend on genotypes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:3839. [IDW]
Scarr, S. & Carter-Saltzman, L. (1979) Twin method: Defense of a critical assumption. Behavior Genetics 9:527–42. [aRP, RG]
Scarr, S. & McCartney, K. (1983) How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype → environment effects. Child Development 54:424–35. [arRP, RHB, AC, MM, SS, TDW]
Scarr, S. & Weinberg, R. A. (1978) The influence of “family background” on intellectual attainment. American Sociological Review 43:674–92. [SS]
Scarr, S. & Weinberg, R. A. (1983) The Minnesota adoption studies: Genetic differences and malleability. Child Development 54:260–67. [SS]
Schaefer, E. S. (1965) Children's reports of parental behavior: An inventory. Child Development 36:413–24. [aRP]
Schonemann, P. H. (1989) New questions about old heritability estimates. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27:175–78. [PHS]
Schonemann, P. H. (1990) Environmental versus genetic variance component models for identical twins: A critique of Jinks and Fulker's reanalysis of the Shields data. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive (European Bulletin of Cognitive Psychology) 10:451–73. [PHS]
Schonemann, P. H. & Schonemann, R. D. (1988) Environmental versus genetic models for Osborne's personality data on identical and fraternal twins (Technical Report No. 88&6). Purdue Mathematical Psychology Program. [PHS]
Scott, J. P. (1987) Why does human twin research not produce results consistent with those from nonhuman animals? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10:39. [PHS]
Shields, J. (1962) Monotypic twins brought up apart and brought up together. Oxford University Press. [PHS]
Simonton, D. K. (1984) Genius, creativity and leadership. Harvard University Press. [DKS]
Simonton, D. K. (1987) Developmental antecedents of achieved eminence. Annals of Child Development 5:131–69. [DKS]
Simonton, D. K. (1988) Scientific genius: A psychology of science. Cambridge University Press. [rRP]
Smith, R. T. (1965). A comparison of socio-environmental factors in monozygotic and dizygotic twins, testing an assumption. In: Methods and goals in human behavior genetics, ed. Vandenberg, S. G.. Academic Press. [aRP]
Smith, D. J. & Tomlinson, S. (1989) The school effect: A study of multi-racial comprehensives. Policy Studies Institute. [MR]
Snyderman, M. & Rothman, S. (1988) The IQ controversy, the media and public policy. Transaction Books. [rRP]
Snyderman, M. & Rothman, S. (1990) The IQ controversy, the media and public policy. Transaction Publishers. [RCJ]
Socha, R. (1990a) Beyond genocentric concept of heredity. In: Evolutionary biology: Theory and practice, Part 2, ed. Leonovičová, V. V., Novák, V. J. A., Slipka, J. & Zemek, K.. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Praha. [RS]
Socha, R. (1990b) From genocentric to multilevel concept of heredity: Implications for the evolutionary theory. Rivista di Biologial Biology Forum 83(2/3) (in press). [RS]
Socha, R. (in preparation) Developmental context of different reactions to the same environmental signal in the laboratory strain of Pyrrhocoris apterus (Heteroptera). [RS]
Socha, R. & Zemek, K. (1978) Some aspects of genotype-phenotype relationship during evolution from the point of view principle of natural selection. In: Natural selection, ed. Novák, V. J. A., Leonovicova, V. V. & Pacltová, B.. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Praha. [RS]
Socha, R. & Zemek, K. (1982) Phylogenetic heredity: Role of changes in ontogenetic pattern not directly coded in the gametic DNA. In: Evolution and environment, ed. Novák, V. J. A. & Mlikovský, J.. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Praha. [RS]
Socha, R. & Zemek, K. (1990) Memory systems in organisms: Genocentric versus multilevel dynamic concept. In: Evolutionary biology: Theory and practice, Part II, ed. Leonovičová, V. V., Novák, V. J. A., Slipka, J. & Zemek, K.. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Praha. [RS]
Stattin, H. & Magnusson, D. (1990) Pubertal maturation in female development. Erlbaum. [AC]
Stevenson, J. & Graham, P. (1988) Behavioral deviance in 13-year-old twins: An item analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 27:791–97. [RG]
Tambs, K., Sundet, J. M., Magnus, P. & Berg, K. (1989) Genetic and environmental contributions to the covariance between occupational status, educational attainment and IQ: A study of twins. Behavior Genetics 19:209–22. [aRP]
Taubman, P. (1976) The determinants of earnings: Genetics, family and other environments: A study of white male twins. American Economic Review 66:858–70. [aRP]
Taylor, H. F. (1980) The IQ game. Rutgers University Press. [ETu]
Teasdale, T. W. (1979) Social class correlations among adoptees and their biological and adoptive parents. Behavior Genetics 9:103–14. [aRP]
Teasdale, T. W. & Owen, D. R. (1981) Social class correlations among separately adopted siblings and unrelated individuals adopted together. Behavior Genetics 11:577–88. [aRP, MD]
Tellegen, A., Lykken, D. T., Bouchard, T. J. Jr., Wilcox, K. J., Segal, N. L. & Rich, S. (1988) Personality similarity in twins reared apart and together. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54:1031–39. [AT]
Thelen, E. (1989) Self-organization in developmental processes: Can systems approaches work? In: Systems and development: The Minnesota symposia on child psychology, vol. 22, ed. Gunnar, M. & Thelen, E.. Erlbaum. [ETh]
Thelen, E. (1990) Dynamical systems and the generation of individual differences. In: Individual differences in infancy: Reliability, stability, prediction, ed. Colombo, J. & Fagen, J.. Erlbaum. [ETh]
Thelen, E., Kelso, J. A. S. & Fogel, A. (1987) Self-organizing systems and infant motor development. Developmental Review 7:3965. [RS, ETh]
Thoits, P. A. (1983). Dimensions of life events that influence psychological distress: An evaluation and synthesis of the literature. In: Psychosocial stress: Trends in theory and research, ed. Kaplan, H. A.. Academic Press. [aRP]
Thomas, W. I. & Thomas, D. (1928) The child in America. Knopf. [AC]
Thompson, L. A. (1990) Genetic contributions to early individual differences. In: Individual differences in infancy: Reliability, stability, prediction, ed. Colombo, J. & Fagen, J.. Erlbaum. [ET]
Thompson, L. A., Fulker, D. W., DeFries, J. C. & Plomin, R. (1986) Multivariate genetic analysis of “environmental” influences on infant cognitive development. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 4:347–53. [aRP]
Tomioka, K. & Chiba, Y. (1989) Light cycle during post-embryonic development affects adult circadian parameters of the cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) optic lobe pacemaker. Journal of Insect Physiology 35:273–76. [RS]
Vogel, F. & Motulsky, M. D. (1986) Human genetics. Springer- Verlag. [MD]
Wachs, T. D. (1983) The use and abuse of environment in behavior genetic research. Child Development 54:396407. [IDW]
Wachs, T. D. (1987) Short term stability of aggregated and non-aggregated measures of parent behavior. Child Development 58:796–97. [TDW]
Wachs, T. D. (1988) Environmental assessment of developmentally disabled infants and preschoolers. In: Assessment of young developmentally disabled children, ed. Wachs, T. D. & Sheehan, R.. Plenum. [TDW]
Wachs, T. D. (in press) Environmental considerations in the study of organism-environment interaction with non-extreme groups. In: Conceptualization and measurement of organism-environment interaction, ed. Wachs, T. D. & Plomin, R.. American Psychological Association. [TDW]
Wachs, T. D. & Gruen, G. (1982) Early experience and human development. Plenum. [aRP, RS]
Wahlsten, D. (1990) Insensitivity of the analysis of variance to heredity-environment interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13:109–61. [FLB, JH]
Whowell, K. & Hay, D. A. (in preparation) Vocational choice in late adolescent twins. [DAH]
Will, C. M. (1986) Was Einstein right? Putting general relativity to the test. Basic Books. [FLB]
Wilson, P. T. (1934) A study of twins with special reference to heredity as a factor determining differences in environment. Human Biology 6:324–54. [aRP]
Yarrow, M., Campbell, J. & Burton, R. (1970) Recollections of childhood: A study of the retrospective method. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 35. [TDW]
Zazzo, R. (1960) Les jumeaux, le couple et la personne. Presses Universitaires de France. [aRP]
Zemek, K., Mlikovsky, J. & Socha, R. (1985) Multilevel system of heredity and its ontogenetic and phylogenetic consequences. In: Evolution and morphogenesis, ed. Mlikovsky, J. & Novák, V. J. A.. Academia, Praha. [RS]
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed