Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The restorative logic of punishment: Another argument in favor of weak selection

  • Nicolas Baumard (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Strong reciprocity theorists claim that punishment has evolved to promote the good of the group and to deter cheating. By contrast, weak reciprocity suggests that punishment aims to restore justice (i.e., reciprocity) between the criminal and his victim. Experimental evidences as well as field observations suggest that humans punish criminals to restore fairness rather than to support group cooperation.

Copyright
References
Hide All
André J. B. & Baumard N. (2011) The evolution of fairness in a biological market. Evolution 65:1447–56.
Baron J., Gowda R. & Kunreuther H. (1993) Attitudes toward managing hazardous waste: What should be cleaned up and who should pay for it? Risk Analysis 13(2):183–92.
Baron J. & Ritov I. (2008) The role of probability of detection in judgments of punishment. Unpublished manuscript.
Baumard N. (2010a) Comment nous sommes devenus moraux: Une histoire naturelle du bien et du mal. Odile Jacob.
Baumard N. (2011) Punishment is not a group adaptation: Humans punish to restore fairness rather than to support group cooperation. Mind and Society 10(1):126.
Boyd R., Gintis H., Bowles S. & Richerson P. (2003) The evolution of altruistic punishment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 100(6):3531–35. Available at: http://www.pnas.org/content/100/6/3531.
Carlsmith K. M, Darley J. M. & Robinson P. H. (2002) Why do we punish? Deterrence and just deserts as motives for punishment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83(2):284–99.
Clutton-Brock T. & Parker G. (1995) Punishment in animal societies. Nature 373(6511):209–16.
Darley J. M., Carlsmith K. M. & Robinson P. (2000) Incapacitation and just deserts as motives for punishment. Law and Human Behavior 24(6):659–83.
Evans-Pritchard E. E. (1940/1969) The Nuer, a description of the modes of livelihood and political institutions of a Nilotic people. Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press. (Original work published in 1940; 2nd edition, 1969, Oxford University Press).
Fehr E. & Gächter S. (2002) Altruistic punishment in humans. Nature 415(6868):137–40. Available at: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v415/n6868/abs/415137.
Glaeser E. L. & Sacerdote B. (2000) The determinants of punishment: Deterrence, incapacitation and vengeance. Harvard Institute of Economic Research Paper, No. 1894. (SSRN). Available at: http://ssrn.com/paper=236443.
Gurven M. (2004) To give and to give not: The behavioral ecology of human food transfers. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:543–59. Available at: http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0140525X04000123.
Henrich J. & Boyd R. (2001) Why people punish defectors: Weak conformist transmission can stabilize costly enforcement of norms in cooperative dilemmas. Journal of Theoretical Biology 208(1):7989. Available at: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022519300922021.
Hill K. & Kaplan H. (1999) Life history traits in humans: Theory and empirical studies. Annual Review of Anthropology 28:397430.
Hoebel E. A. (1954) The law of primitive man: A study in comparative legal dynamics. Harvard University Press.
Howell P. (1954) A Manual of Nuer Law: Being an account of customary law, its evolution and development in the courts established by the Sudan government. International African Institute Publication. Oxford University Press.
Malinowski B. (1926) Crime and custom in savage society. Rowman & Littlefield.
Miller W. (1990) Bloodtaking and peacemaking: Feud, law, and society in Saga Iceland. University of Chicago Press.
Polinsky A. M. & Shavell S. (2000) The economic theory of public enforcement of law. Journal of Economic Literature 38(1):4576.
Posner R. (1983) The economics of justice. Harvard University Press.
Sunstein C., Schkade D. & Kahneman D. (2000) Do people want optimal deterrence? Journal of Legal Studies 29(1):237–53.
Trivers R. L. (1971) The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology 46:3557. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2822435.
von Führer-Haimendorf C. (1967) Morals and merit: A study of values and social control in South-Asian societies. Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 7
Total number of PDF views: 38 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 159 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st January 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.