Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 62
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Beran, Michael J. Menzel, Charles R. Parrish, Audrey E. Perdue, Bonnie M. Sayers, Ken Smith, J. David and Washburn, David A. 2016. Primate cognition: attention, episodic memory, prospective memory, self-control, and metacognition as examples of cognitive control in nonhuman primates. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science,


    Britten, Richard A. Miller, Vania D. Hadley, Melissa M. Jewell, Jessica S. and Macadat, Evangeline 2016. Performance in hippocampus- and PFC-dependent cognitive domains are not concomitantly impaired in rats exposed to 20cGy of 1GeV/n 56Fe particles. Life Sciences in Space Research, Vol. 10, p. 17.


    Dokic, Jérôme 2016. IV—Aesthetic Experience as a Metacognitive Feeling? A Dual-Aspect View. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Vol. 116, Issue. 1, p. 69.


    André, Marion Agnes Emma Güntürkün, Onur and Manahan-Vaughan, Denise 2015. The metabotropic glutamate receptor, mGlu5, is required for extinction learning that occurs in the absence of a context change. Hippocampus, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 149.


    Meyniel, Florent Sigman, Mariano and Mainen, Zachary F. 2015. Confidence as Bayesian Probability: From Neural Origins to Behavior. Neuron, Vol. 88, Issue. 1, p. 78.


    Neldner, Karri Collier-Baker, Emma and Nielsen, Mark 2015. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and human children (Homo sapiens) know when they are ignorant about the location of food. Animal Cognition, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 683.


    Paul, Erick J. Smith, J. David Valentin, Vivian V. Turner, Benjamin O. Barbey, Aron K. and Ashby, F. Gregory 2015. Neural networks underlying the metacognitive uncertainty response. Cortex, Vol. 71, p. 306.


    Vonk, Jennifer and Aradhye, Chinmay 2015. Basics in Human Evolution.


    Dokic, Jérôme 2014. Common Sense and Metaperception: A Practical Model. Res Philosophica, Vol. 91, Issue. 2, p. 241.


    Hélie, Sébastien and Sun, Ron 2014. Autonomous learning in psychologically-oriented cognitive architectures: A survey. New Ideas in Psychology, Vol. 34, p. 37.


    Katznelson, Hannah 2014. Reflective functioning: A review. Clinical Psychology Review, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 107.


    Lak, Armin Costa, Gil M. Romberg, Erin Koulakov, Alexei A. Mainen, Zachary F. and Kepecs, Adam 2014. Orbitofrontal Cortex Is Required for Optimal Waiting Based on Decision Confidence. Neuron, Vol. 84, Issue. 1, p. 190.


    Massoni, Sébastien Gajdos, Thibault and Vergnaud, Jean-Christophe 2014. Confidence measurement in the light of signal detection theory. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 5,


    Morwitz, Vicki G. 2014. Insights from the animal kingdom. Journal of Consumer Psychology, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 572.


    Proust, Joëlle 2014. Précis ofThe Philosophy of Metacognition. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 89, Issue. 3, p. 703.


    Ghetti, Simona Hembacher, Emily and Coughlin, Christine A. 2013. Feeling Uncertain and Acting on It During the Preschool Years: A Metacognitive Approach. Child Development Perspectives, Vol. 7, Issue. 3, p. 160.


    Roebers, Claudia M. 2013. The Wiley Handbook on the Development of Children's Memory.


    Weil, Leonora G. Fleming, Stephen M. Dumontheil, Iroise Kilford, Emma J. Weil, Rimona S. Rees, Geraint Dolan, Raymond J. and Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne 2013. The development of metacognitive ability in adolescence. Consciousness and Cognition, Vol. 22, Issue. 1, p. 264.


    Zeman, Adam and Coebergh, Jan Adriaan 2013. Ethical and Legal Issues in Neurology.


    Couchman, Justin J. Beran, Michael J. Coutinho, Mariana V. C. Boomer, Joseph Zakrzewski, Alexandria Church, Barbara and Smith, J. David 2012. Do actions speak louder than words? A comparative perspective on implicit versus explicit meta-cognition and theory of mind. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 210.


    ×

The comparative psychology of uncertainty monitoring and metacognition

  • J. David Smith (a1), Wendy E. Shields (a2) and David A. Washburn (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X03000086
  • Published online: 01 June 2003
Abstract

Researchers have begun to explore animals' capacities for uncertainty monitoring and metacognition. This exploration could extend the study of animal self-awareness and establish the relationship of self-awareness to other-awareness. It could sharpen descriptions of metacognition in the human literature and suggest the earliest roots of metacognition in human development. We summarize research on uncertainty monitoring by humans, monkeys, and a dolphin within perceptual and metamemory tasks. We extend phylogenetically the search for metacognitive capacities by considering studies that have tested less cognitively sophisticated species. By using the same uncertainty-monitoring paradigms across species, it should be possible to map the phylogenetic distribution of metacognition and illuminate the emergence of mind. We provide a unifying formal description of animals' performances and examine the optimality of their decisional strategies. Finally, we interpret animals' and humans' nearly identical performances psychologically. Low-level, stimulus-based accounts cannot explain the phenomena. The results suggest granting animals a higher-level decision-making process that involves criterion setting using controlled cognitive processes. This conclusion raises the difficult question of animal consciousness. The results show that animals have functional features of or parallels to human conscious cognition. Remaining questions are whether animals also have the phenomenal features that are the feeling/knowing states of human conscious cognition, and whether the present paradigms can be extended to demonstrate that they do. Thus, the comparative study of metacognition potentially grounds the systematic study of animal consciousness.

Copyright
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: