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The evolutionary route to self-deception: Why offensive versus defensive strategy might be a false alternative

  • Ulrich Frey (a1) and Eckart Voland (a1)
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  • Published online: 03 February 2011

Self-deception may be the result of social manipulation and conflict management of social in-groups. Although self-deception certainly has offensive and defensive aspects, a full evolutionary understanding of this phenomenon is not possible until strategies of other parties are included into a model of self-perception and self-representation.

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P. Carruthers (2009b) How we know our own minds: The relationship between mindreading and metacognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32(2):121–82.

U. J. Frey (2010) Modern illusions of humankind. In: Homo Novus – A human without Illusions, ed. U. J. Frey , C. Störmer & K. P. Willführ , pp. 263–88. Springer.

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E. Voland (2007) We recognize ourselves as being similar to others: Implications of the “social brain hypothesis” for the biological evolution of the intuition of freedom. Evolutionary Psychology 5:442–52.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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