de Eccher, Umberto and Duarte, Henrique 2016. How images about emerging economies influence the willingness to accept expatriate assignments. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, p. 1.
Peek, Ron 2016. Exploring learner autonomy: language learning locus of control in multilinguals. International Journal of Multilingualism, Vol. 13, Issue. 2, p. 230.
Thompson, Amy S. and Khawaja, Anastasia J. 2016. Foreign language anxiety in Turkey: the role of multilingualism. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, Vol. 37, Issue. 2, p. 115.
Thompson, Amy S. and Lee, Junkyu 2016. The Motivational Factors Questionnaire in the Korean EFL context: predicting group membership according to English proficiency and multilingual status. The Language Learning Journal, p. 1.
Thompson, Amy S. and Erdil-Moody, Zeynep 2016. Operationalizing multilingualism: language learning motivation in Turkey. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, Vol. 19, Issue. 3, p. 314.
Tracy-Ventura, Nicole Dewaele, Jean-Marc Köylü, Zeynep and McManus, Kevin 2016. Personality changes after the ‘year abroad’?: A mixed-methods study. Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 107.
van Compernolle, Rémi A. 2016. Are multilingualism, tolerance of ambiguity, and attitudes toward linguistic variation related?. International Journal of Multilingualism, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. 61.
van Compernolle, Rémi A. 2016. Preferences for (in)formal language: correlations with attitudes toward linguistic variation, multilingualism, tolerance of ambiguity, and residence abroad. International Journal of Multilingualism, p. 1.
De Costa, Peter I. 2015. Reenvisioning Language Anxiety in the Globalized Classroom Through a Social Imaginary Lens. Language Learning, Vol. 65, Issue. 3, p. 504.
Dewaele, Jean-Marc 2015. The International Encyclopedia of Language and Social Interaction.
Dewaele, Jean-Marc and McCloskey, James 2015. Attitudes towards foreign accents among adult multilingual language users. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, Vol. 36, Issue. 3, p. 221.
Mougeon, Françoise and Rehner, Katherine 2015. ENGAGEMENT PORTRAITS AND (SOCIO)LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 37, Issue. 03, p. 425.
Thompson, Amy S. 2015. Are Your Participants Multilingual? The Role of Self-assessment in SLA Research. Language in Focus, Vol. 1, Issue. 1,
Thompson, Amy S. and Aslan, Erhan 2015. Multilingualism, perceived positive language interaction (PPLI), and learner beliefs: what do Turkish students believe?. International Journal of Multilingualism, Vol. 12, Issue. 3, p. 259.
Chen, Sylvia Xiaohua Benet-Martínez, Verónica and Ng, Jacky C. K. 2014. Does Language Affect Personality Perception? A Functional Approach to Testing the Whorfian Hypothesis. Journal of Personality, Vol. 82, Issue. 2, p. 130.
Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Li, Wei 2014. Intra- and inter-individual variation in self-reported code-switching patterns of adult multilinguals. International Journal of Multilingualism, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 225.
Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Wei, Li 2014. Attitudes towards code-switching among adult mono- and multilingual language users. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, Vol. 35, Issue. 3, p. 235.
Panicacci, Alessandra 2014. Emotions from a bilingual point of view: personality and emotional intelligence in relation to perception and expression of emotions in the L1 and L2. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, Vol. 17, Issue. 6, p. 727.
Pérez Rojas, Andrés E. Gelso, Charles J. and Bhatia, Avantika 2014. To switch or not to switch: Inviting bilingual clients to switch languages in psychotherapy. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 55.
Rost, Michael 2014. Listening in a Multilingual World: The Challenges of Second Language (L2) Listening. International Journal of Listening, Vol. 28, Issue. 3, p. 131.
The present study investigates the link between multilingualism and the personality trait Tolerance of Ambiguity (TA) among 2158 mono-, bi- and multilinguals. Monolinguals and bilinguals scored significantly lower on TA compared to multilinguals. A high level of global proficiency of various languages was linked to higher TA scores. A stay abroad of more than three months was also linked to higher TA although the effect levelled off after one year. Growing up in a multilingual family had no effect on TA. These findings show that a high level of multilingualism makes individuals more at ease in dealing with ambiguity, but we acknowledge that a higher level of TA can also strengthen an individual's inclination to become multilingual.
A previous version of this paper was presented at the Eighth International Symposium on Bilingualism in Oslo in 2011. We would like to thank the participants and the anonymous reviewers for their excellent feedback on an earlier version of this paper. Thank you also to Ruxandra Comanaru for her statistical advice.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.