Stallman, HM, Kohler, M. Prevalence of sleepwalking: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One
2016; 11: e0164769.
Pololsky, E. Somnambulistic homicide. Med Sci Law
1961; 1: 260–5.
Moldofsky, H, Gilbert, R, Lue, FA, MacLean, AW. Forensic sleep medicine: violence, sleep, nocturnal wandering: sleep-related violence. Sleep
1995; 18: 731–9.
Guilleminault, C, Leger, D, Philip, P, Ohayon, MM. Nocturnal wandering and violence: review of a sleep clinic population. J Forensic Sci
1998; 43: 158–63.
Pressman, MR. Disorders of arousal from sleep and violent behavior: the role of physical contact and proximity. Sleep
2007; 30: 1039–47.
Reid Meloy, J. Empirical basis and forensic application of affective and predatory violence. Aust N ZJ Psychiatry
2006; 40: 539–47.
Stahl, SM. Deconstructing violence as a medical syndrome: mapping psychotic, impulsive, and predatory subtypes to malfunctioning brain circuits. CNS Spectrums
2014; 19: 357–65.
Pai, M. Sleep-walking and sleep activities. Br J Psychiatry
1946; 92: 756–65.
Jackson, DD. An episode of sleepwalking. J Am Psychoanal Assoc
1954; 2: 503–8.
Barrier Miner. Fatal Sleepwalking.
Barrier Miner, 1904.
Ohayon, MM. Violence and sleep. Sleep Hypnosis
2000; 2: 1–7.
Januszko, P, Niemcewicz, S, Gajda, T, Wolynczyk-Gmaj, D, Piotrowska, AJ, Gmaj, B, et al. Sleepwalking episodes are preceded by arousal-related activation in the cingulate motor area: EEG current density imaging. Clin Neurophysiol
2016; 127: 530–6.
Castelnovo, A, Riedner, BA, Smith, RF, Tononi, G, Boly, M, Benca, RM. Scalp and source power topography in sleepwalking and sleep terrors: a high-density EEG study. Sleep
2016; 39: 1815–25.
Dang-Vu, TT, Zadra, A, Labelle, MA, Petit, D, Soucy, JP, Montplaisir, J. Sleep deprivation reveals altered brain perfusion patterns in somnambulism. PLoS One
2015; 10: e0133474.
Bassetti, C, Vella, S, Donati, F, Wielepp, P, Weder, B. SPECT during sleepwalking. Lancet
2000; 356: 484–5.
Siever, LJ. Neurobiology of aggression and violence. Am J Psychiatry
2008; 165: 429–42.
Brower, MC, Price, BH. Neuropsychiatry of frontal lobe dysfunction in violent and criminal behaviour: a critical review. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
2001; 71: 720–6.
Wager, TD, Waugh, CE, Lindquist, M, Noll, DC, Fredrickson, BL, Taylor, SF. Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat: part I: reciprocal dorsal and ventral sub-regions of the medial prefrontal cortex and heart-rate reactivity. NeuroImage
2009; 47: 821–35.
Ochsner, KN, Ray, RD, Cooper, JC, Robertson, ER, Chopra, S, Gabrieli, JD, et al. For better or for worse: neural systems supporting the cognitive down- and up-regulation of negative emotion. NeuroImage
2004; 23: 483–99.
Cunningham, WA, Raye, CL, Johnson, MK. Implicit and explicit evaluation: FMRI correlates of valence, emotional intensity, and control in the processing of attitudes. J Cogn Neurosci
2004; 16: 1717–29.
Davidson, RJ, Putnam, KM, Larson, CL. Dysfunction in the neural circuitry of emotion regulation - a possible prelude to violence. Science
2000; 289: 591–4.
Linnoila, VM, Virkkunen, M. Aggression, suicidality, and serotonin. J Clin Psychiatry
1992; 53 (suppl): 46–51.
Coccaro, EF. Neurotransmitter correlates of impulsive aggression in humans. Ann N Y Acad Sci
1996; 794: 82–9.
Abe, K, Shimakawa, M. Predisposition to sleep-walking. Psychiatr Neurol
1966; 152 306–12.
Bakwin, H. Sleep-walking in twins. Lancet
1970; 2: 446–7.
Meyer-Lindenberg, A, Buckholtz, JW, Kolachana, B, Hariri, AR, Pezawas, L, Blasi, G, et al. Neural mechanisms of genetic risk for impulsivity and violence in humans. PNAS
2006; 103: 6269–74.
Bortolato, M, Pivac, N, Muck Seler, D, Nikolac Perkovic, M, Pessia, M, Di Giovanni, G. The role of the serotonergic system at the interface of aggression and suicide. Neuroscience
2013; 236: 160–85.
Coccaro, EF, Fanning, JR, Phan, KL, Lee, R. Serotonin and impulsive aggression. CNS Spectrums
2015; 20: 295–302.
Higley, JD, Linnoila, M. Low central nervous system serotonergic activity is trait like and correlates with impulsive behavior. A nonhuman primate model investigating genetic and environmental influences on neurotransmission. Ann N Y Acad Sci
1997; 836: 39–56.
Linnoila, M, Virkkunen, M, Roy, A. Biochemical aspects of aggression in man. Clin Neuropharmacol
1986; 9 (suppl 4): 377–9.
Bari, A, Theobald, DE, Caprioli, D, Mar, AC, Aidoo-Micah, A, Dalley, JW, et al. Serotonin modulates sensitivity to reward and negative feedback in a probabilistic reversal learning task in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology
2010; 35: 1290–301.
Evers, EA, Cools, R, Clark, L, van der Veen, FM, Jolles, J, Sahakian, BJ, et al. Serotonergic modulation of prefrontal cortex during negative feedback in probabilistic reversal learning. Neuropsychopharmacology
2005; 30: 1138–47.
Bari, A, Robbins, TW. Inhibition and impulsivity: behavioral and neural basis of response control. Progr Neurobiol
2013; 108: 44–79.
Hess, C, Reif, A, Strobel, A, Boreatti-Hummer, A, Heine, M, Lesch, KP, et al. A functional dopamine-beta-hydroxylase gene promoter polymorphism is associated with impulsive personality styles, but not with affective disorders. J Neural Transm (Vienna)
2009; 116: 121–30.
Kulikova, MA, Maluchenko, NV, Timofeeva, MA, Shlepzova, VA, Schegolkova, JV, Sysoeva, OV, et al. Effect of functional catechol-O-methyltransferase Val 158 Met polymorphism on physical aggression. Bull Exp Biol Med
2008; 145: 62–4.
Labelle, MA, Dang-Vu, TT, Petit, D, Desautels, A, Montplaisir, J, Zadra, A. Sleep deprivation impairs inhibitory control during wakefulness in adult sleepwalkers. J Sleep Res
2015; 24: 658–65.
Bari, A, Robbins, TW, Dalley, JW. Impulsivity. In Animal Models of Drug Addiction. Neuromethods (ed Olmstead, MC): 379–401. Humana Press, 2011.
van Marle, HJF, Hermans, EJ, Qin, S, Fernandez, G. From specificity to sensitivity: how acute stress affects amygdala processing of biologically salient stimuli. Biol Psychiatry
2009; 66: 649–55.
Tikkanen, R, Tiihonen, J, Rautiainen, MR, Paunio, T, Bevilacqua, L, Panarsky, R, et al. Impulsive alcohol-related risk-behavior and emotional dysregulation among individuals with a serotonin 2B receptor stop codon. Transl Psychiatry
2015; 5: e681.
Mantere, T, Tupala, E, Hall, H, Särkioja, T, Räsänen, P, Bergström, K, et al. Serotonin transporter distribution and density in the cerebral cortex of alcoholic and nonalcoholic comparison subjects: a whole-hemisphere autoradiography study. Am J Psychiatry
2002; 159: 599–606.
Virkkunen, M, Goldman, D, Nielsen, DA, Linnoila, M. Low brain serotonin turnover rate (low CSF 5-HIAA) and impulsive violence. J Psychiatry Neurosci
1995; 20: 271–5.
Hoaken, PN, Stewart, SH. Drugs of abuse and the elicitation of human aggressive behavior. Addict Behav
2003; 28: 1533–54.
Barratt, ES, Stanford, MS, Kent, TA, Alan, F. Neuropsychological and cognitive psychophysiological substrates of impulsive aggression. Biol Psychiatry
1997; 41: 1045–61.
Byrd, AL, Manuck, SB. MAOA, childhood maltreatment and antisocial behavior: meta-analysis of a gene-environment interaction. Biol Psychiatry
2014; 75: 1–19.
Connolly, EJ, Beaver, KM. Assessing the salience of gene-environment interplay in the development of anger, family conflict, and physical violence: a biosocial test of general strain theory. J Crim Justice
2015; 43: 487–97.
Seager, JA. Violent men: the importance of impulsivity and cognitive schema. Crim Justice Behav
2005; 32: 26–49.
Bari, A, Kellermann, TS, Studer, B. Impulsiveness and inhibitory mechanisms. In Neuroimaging Personality, Social Cognition and Character (eds Absher, JR, Cloutier, J): 113–39. Academic Press, 2016.
National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health. Antisocial Behavior and Conduct Disorders in Children and Young People: Recognition, Intervention and Management (National Clinical Guideline Number 158). The British Psychological Society and The Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2013.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Antisocial Personality Disorder: Prevention and Management.
Carrolla, KM, Balla, SA, Nicha, C, Martinoa, S, Frankfortera, TL, Farentinosb, C, et al. Motivational interviewing to improve treatment engagement and outcome in individuals seeking treatment for substance abuse: a multisite effectiveness study. Drug Alcohol Depend
2006; 81: 301–12.
Cohen, N, Margulies, DS, Ashkenazi, S, Schaefer, A, Taubert, M, Henik, A, et al. Using executive control training to suppress amygdala reactivity to aversive information. Neuroimage
2016; 125: 1022–31.
New, AS, Buchsbaum, MS, Hazlett, EA, Goodman, M, Koenigsberg, HW, Lo, J, et al. Fluoxetine increases relative metabolic rate in prefrontal cortex in impulsive aggression. Psychopharmacology (Berl)
2004; 176: 451–8.
Hollander, E, Tracy, KA, Swann, AC, Coccaro, EF, McElroy, SL, Wozniak, P, et al. Divalproex in the treatment of impulsive aggression: efficacy in Cluster B personality disorders. Neuropsychopharmacology
2003; 28: 1186–97.
Stallman, HM, Kohler, M, White, J. Medication induced sleepwalking: a systematic review. Sleep Med Rev