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Treating anxiety and depression in older adults: randomised controlled trial comparing guided V. self-guided internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy

  • Nickolai Titov (a1), Vincent J. Fogliati (a2), Lauren G. Staples (a1), Milena Gandy (a1), Luke Johnston (a1), Bethany Wootton (a1), Olav Nielssen (a1) and Blake F. Dear (a1)...
Abstract
Background

Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent in older adults.

Aims

To compare clinician-guided and self-guided versions of a transdiagnostic internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for adults aged 60 years and above.

Method

Adults (n=433) with symptoms of anxiety and depression were randomly allocated to: (1) clinician-guided treatment (n=153); (2) initial clinician interview followed by self-guided treatment (n=140); or (3) self-guided treatment without interview (n=140).

Results

Large reductions (d ≥1.00) in symptoms of depression and anxiety were observed across groups, and sustained at follow-up. No differences were observed in clinical outcomes or satisfaction ratings. Age did not affect outcomes.

Conclusions

Carefully developed iCBT interventions may significantly reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in older adults when delivered in either clinician-guided or self-guided formats.

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Copyright
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Non-Commercial, No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND) licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Corresponding author
Blake F. Dear, PhD, eCentreClinic, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, New South Wales, Australia. Email: blake.dear@mq.edu.au
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

N.T. and B.F.D. developed the Wellbeing Plus Course but derive no financial benefit from it.

Footnotes
References
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Treating anxiety and depression in older adults: randomised controlled trial comparing guided V. self-guided internet-delivered cognitive–behavioural therapy

  • Nickolai Titov (a1), Vincent J. Fogliati (a2), Lauren G. Staples (a1), Milena Gandy (a1), Luke Johnston (a1), Bethany Wootton (a1), Olav Nielssen (a1) and Blake F. Dear (a1)...
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