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L'Éther, Élement Chimique: Un Essai Malheureux De Mendéléev?

  • Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent (a1)

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1 Pour situer la contribution de Mendéléev dans l'ensemble des recherches d'une classification des éléments au 19ème siècle, voir Van Spronsen, J. W., The periodic System of chemical elements, A history of the first hundred years, Amsterdam, London, New York, 1969; and his ‘Mendéléev as a Speculator’, J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 790–91.

2 Mendéléev, , Principes de chimie, traduction française Aschkinasi, M. E. et Carrion, M. H., T. II, p. 470; traduction anglaise, Principles of chemistry, London, 1905.

3 Mendéléev, D. I., ‘Loi périodique des éléments chimiques’, Le Moniteur Scientifique, 1879, p. 693; trad. anglaise, Chemical News 1879, 40, 231, 243, 255, 267, 279, 291, 303; 1880, 41, 2, 27, 39, 49, 61, 71, 83, 93, 106, 113, 125. Reprinted in Knight, D. M.Classical Scientific Papers, Chemistry, II, London 1970, 273309.

4 Mendéléev, D. I.. Principes de chimie, T.II, p. 485, note 17.

5 Vincent-Bensaude, voir B. V., Les pièges de l'elémentaire, Contribution à l'histoire de lélement chimique, thèse de doctorat d'etat, Paris I, 1981.

6 Mendéléev, D. I., An attempt towards a chemical conception of the ether, London, New York, Bombay, 1904, p. 9.

7 Mendéléev, D. I., Faraday Lecture, Le Moniteur scientifique, iii, (1889), p. 895–96; Journal of the chemical society, 1889, 55, 647–48; sur ces tentatives de réduction des éléments à l'unite Knight, voir D. M., The transcendental part of chemistry, Folkestone 1978, spécialement, chap. 9.

8 Mendéléev, D. I., op. cit. supra (6), p. 17.

9 Whittaker, voir E. T., A history of the theories of aether and electricity, London, 1951, 1; Schaffner, K. F., Nineteenth century aether theories, Oxford, 1972.

10 Crookes, W.Radiant Matter’, Nature, 1879, 20, 419–36; voir aussi, Report of the British Association 1886, 558576; Knight, D. M., op. cit. supra (7), chap. 4; et Knight, D. M., Atoms and elements. A study of theories of matter in England in the 19th century, London, 1967, chap. 7.

11 Mendéléev, D. I., op. cit. supra (4), p. 7.

12 Ibid. p. 15.

13 Ibid. p. 14.

14 Ibid. p. 13.

15 Ibid. p. 18.

16 Ibid. p. 50–1.

17 Mendéléev, D. I., Chemical News, 1889, 40, 1, 15, 30.

18 Mendéléev, D. I., op. cit. supra (4), p. 15.

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The British Journal for the History of Science
  • ISSN: 0007-0874
  • EISSN: 1474-001X
  • URL: /core/journals/british-journal-for-the-history-of-science
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