Albert, CM, Gaziano, JM, Willett, WC & Manson, JE (2002) Nut consumption and decreased risk of sudden cardiac death in the Physicians' Health Study. Arch Intern Med 162, 1382–1387.
Andersen, LF, Jacobs, DR Jr, Carlsen, MH & Blomhoff, R (2006) Consumption of coffee is associated with reduced risk of death attributed to inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases in the Iowa Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 1039–1046.
Andersen, LF, Solvoll, K, Johansson, LR, Salminen, I, Aro, A & Drevon, CA (1999) Evaluation of a food frequency questionnaire with weighed records, fatty acids, and α-tocopherol in adipose tissue and serum. Am J Epidemiol 150, 75–87.
Anderson, JT, Jacobs, DR Jr, Foster, N, Hall, Y, Moss, D, Mojonnier, L & Blackburn, H (1979) Scoring systems for evaluating dietary pattern effect on serum cholesterol. Prev Med 8, 525–537.
Biong, AS, Veierod, MB, Ringstad, J, Thelle, DS & Pedersen, JI (2006) Intake of milk fat, reflected in adipose tissue fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction: a case-control study. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 236–244.
Brustad, M, Braaten, T & Lund, E (2004) Predictors for cod-liver oil supplement use – the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 128–136.
Davidson, TL & Swithers, SE (2004) A Pavlovian approach to the problem of obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, 933–935.
Ding, EL, Hutfless, SM, Ding, X & Girotra, S (2006) Chocolate and prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review. Nutr Metab (Lond) 3, 2.
Engeset, D, Alsaker, E, Ciampi, A & Lund, E (2005) Dietary patterns and lifestyle factors in the Norwegian EPIC cohort: the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 675–684.
Estruch, R, Martinez-Gonzalez, MA, Corella, D, et al. (2006) Effects of a Mediterranean-style diet on cardiovascular risk factors: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 145, 1–11.
Fung, TT, Willett, WC, Stampfer, MJ, Manson, JE & Hu, FB (2001) Dietary patterns and the risk of coronary heart disease in women. Arch Intern Med 161, 1857–1862.
Ghosh, A, Bose, K & Das Chaudhuri, AB (2003) Association of food patterns, central obesity measures and metabolic risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) in middle aged Bengalee Hindu men, Calcutta, India. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 12, 166–171.
Greenland, S (1993) A meta-analysis of coffee, myocardial infarction, and coronary death. Epidemiology 4, 366–374.
Hertog, MG, Feskens, EJ, Hollman, PC, Katan, MB & Kromhout, D (1993) Dietary antioxidant flavonoids and risk of coronary heart disease: the Zutphen Elderly Study. Lancet 342, 1007–1011.
Hill, JA (2005) In vino veritas: alcohol and heart disease. Am J Med Sci 329, 124–135.
Hu, FB (2002) Dietary pattern analysis: a new direction in nutritional epidemiology. Curr Opin Lipidol 13, 3–9.
Hu, FB, Manson, JE & Willett, WC (2001) Types of dietary fat and risk of coronary heart disease: a critical review. J Am Coll Nutr 20, 5–19.
Hu, FB, Rimm, EB, Stampfer, MJ, Ascherio, A, Spiegelman, D & Willett, WC (2000) Prospective study of major dietary patterns and risk of coronary heart disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 912–921.
Hu, FB, Stampfer, MJ, Manson, JE, Rimm, EB, Colditz, GA, Rosner, BA, Speizer, FE, Hennekens, CH & Willett, WC (1998) Frequent nut consumption and risk of coronary heart disease in women: prospective cohort study. BMJ 317, 1341–1345.
Hu, FB & Willett, WC (2002) Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heart disease. JAMA 288, 2569–2578.
Jacobs, DR, Meyer, HE & Solvoll, K (2001) Reduced mortality among whole grain bread eaters in men and women in the Norwegian County Study. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 137–143.
Jacobs, DR Jr, Meyer, KA, Kushi, LH & Folsom, AR (1998) Whole-grain intake may reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease death in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 248–257.
Jacobs, DR & Murtaugh, MA (2000) It's more than an apple a day: an appropriately processed, plant-centered dietary pattern may be good for your health. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 899–900.
Jacobs, DR & Steffen, LM (2003) Nutrients, foods, and dietary patterns as exposures in research: a framework for food synergy. Am J Clin Nutr 78, Suppl., 508S–513S.
Jiang, R, Jacobs, DR Jr, Mayer-Davis, E, Szklo, M, Herrington, D, Jenny, NS, Kronmal, R & Barr, RG (2006) Nut and seed consumption and inflammatory markers in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol 163, 222–231.
Kant, AK (2004) Dietary patterns and health outcomes. J Am Diet Assoc 104, 615–635.
Schulze, MB & Hoffmann, K (2006) Methodological approaches to study dietary patterns in relation to risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. Br J Nutr 95, 860–869.
Kerver, JM, Yang, EJ, Bianchi, L & Song, WO (2003) Dietary patterns associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease in healthy US adults. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 1103–1110.
Kris-Etherton, PM, Etherton, TD, Carlson, J & Gardner, C (2002) Recent discoveries in inclusive food-based approaches and dietary patterns for reduction in risk for cardiovascular disease. Curr Opin Lipidol 13, 397–407.
Kris-Etherton, PM, Zhao, G, Binkoski, AE, Coval, SM & Etherton, TD (2001) The effects of nuts on coronary heart disease risk. Nutr Rev 59, 103–111.
Liu, S, Manson, JE, Lee, IM, Cole, SR, Hennekens, CH, Willett, WC & Buring, JE (2000) Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 922–928.
McCullough, ML, Feskanich, D, Stampfer, MJ, Giovannucci, EL, Rimm, EB, Hu, FB, Spiegelman, D, Hunter, DJ, Colditz, GA & Willett, WC (2002) Diet quality and major chronic disease risk in men and women: moving toward improved dietary guidance. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 1261–1271.
McCullough, ML & Willett, WC (2006) Evaluating adherence to recommended diets in adults: the Alternate Healthy Eating Index. Public Health Nutr 9, 152–157.
Mensink, RP & Katan, MB (1989) Effect of a diet enriched with monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids on levels of low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in healthy women and men. N Engl J Med 321, 436–441.
Messina, M, Lampe, JW, Birt, DF, Appel, LJ, Pivonka, E, Berry, B & Jacobs, DR Jr (2001) Reductionism and the narrowing nutrition perspective: time for reevaluation and emphasis on food synergy. J Am Diet Assoc 101, 1416–1419.
Mukamal, KJ, Chiuve, SE & Rimm, EB (2006) Alcohol consumption and risk for coronary heart disease in men with healthy lifestyles. Arch Intern Med 166, 2145–2150.
Nakamura, Y, Iso, H, Kita, Y, Ueshima, H, Okada, K, Konishi, M, Inoue, M & Tsugane, S (2006) Egg consumption, serum total cholesterol concentrations and coronary heart disease incidence: Japan Public Health Center-based prospective study. Br J Nutr 96, 921–928.
(1995) Food Composition Table. Oslo: University Press.
Nes, M, Frost Andersen, L, Solvoll, K, Sandstad, B, Hustvedt, BE, Lovo, A & Drevon, CA (1992) Accuracy of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire applied in elderly Norwegian women. Eur J Clin Nutr 46, 809–821.
Newby, PK & Tucker, KL (2004) Empirically derived eating patterns using factor or cluster analysis: a review. Nutr Rev 62, 177–203.
Osler, M, Heitmann, BL, Gerdes, LU, Jorgensen, LM & Schroll, M (2001) Dietary patterns and mortality in Danish men and women: a prospective observational study. Br J Nutr 85, 219–225.
Pedersen, JI, Ringstad, J, Almendingen, K, Haugen, TS, Stensvold, I & Thelle, DS (2000) Adipose tissue fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction – a case-control study. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 618–625.
Pereira, MA, Jacobs, DR Jr, Van Horn, L, Slattery, ML, Kartashov, AI & Ludwig, DS (2002) Dairy consumption, obesity, and the insulin resistance syndrome in young adults: the CARDIA Study. JAMA 287, 2081–2089.
Peters, U, Poole, C & Arab, L (2001) Does tea affect cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 154, 495–503.
Peters, U, Poole, C & Arab, L (2002) Re: Does tea affect cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis. Erratum. Am J Epidemiol 155, 781.
Qureshi, AI, Suri, FK, Ahmed, S, Nasar, A, Divani, AA & Kirmani, JF (2006) Regular egg consumption does not increase the risk of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. Med Sci Monit 13, CR1–CR8.
Sabate, J (1999) Nut consumption, vegetarian diets, ischemic heart disease risk, and all-cause mortality: evidence from epidemiologic studies. Am J Clin Nutr 70, Suppl. 3, 500S–503S.
Schulze, MB, Manson, JE, Ludwig, DS, Colditz, GA, Stampfer, MJ, Willett, WC & Hu, FB (2004) Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. JAMA 292, 927–934.
Srinath Reddy, K & Katan, MB (2004) Diet, nutrition and the prevention of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Public Health Nutr 7, 167–186.
Steffen, LM & Jacobs, DR Jr (2003) Relation between dairy food intake and plasma lipid levels: the CARDIA Study. Aust J Dairy Technol 58, 92–97.
Steffen, LM, Jacobs, DR, Stevens, J, Shahar, E, Carithers, T & Folsom, AR (2003) Associations of whole grain, refined grain, and fruit and vegetable consumption with all-cause mortality, incident coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke: The ARIC Study. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 383–390.
Steffen, LM, Kroenke, CH, Yu, X, Pereira, MA, Slattery, ML, Van Horn, L, Gross, MD & Jacobs, DR (2005) Associations of plant foods, dairy products, and meat consumption with fifteen-year incidence of elevated blood pressure in young black and white adults: the CARDIA study. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 1169–1177.
Thelle, DS, Arnesen, E & Forde, OH (1983) The Tromso heart study. Does coffee raise serum cholesterol? N Engl J Med 308, 1454–1457.
van Dam, RM & Hu, FB (2005) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. JAMA 294, 97–104.
Yli-Jama, P, Haugen, TS, Rebnord, HM, Ringstad, J & Pedersen, JI (2001) Selective mobilisation of fatty acids from human adipose tissue. Eur J Intern Med 12, 107–115.
Yli-Jama, P, Meyer, HE, Ringstad, J & Pedersen, JI (2002) Serum free fatty acid pattern and risk of myocardial infarction: a case-control study. J Intern Med 251, 19–28.
Zock, PL, Katan, MB, Merkus, MP, van Dusseldorp, M & Harryvan, JL (1990) Effect of a lipid-rich fraction from boiled coffee on serum cholesterol. Lancet 335, 1235–1237.